Media of Sudan
Sudan has a large number of local and national newspapers. The major national dailies are published in Arabic or English. Sudan Television broadcasts sixty hours of programming a week. The Sudan National Broadcasting Corporation airs radio programming in Arabic, English, French, and Swahili. Radio and television stations are state-controlled entities and serve as outlets for the government viewpoint. Journalists and the papers they serve, although subject to government censorship, operate with more freedom and independence than in most neighboring countries or Arab states. The Voice of Sudan, sponsored by the National Democratic Alliance, broadcasts in Arabic and English. The opposition Sudan People’s Liberation Army issues its own newspapers and journals.
Censorship after the coup
Before the 1989 coup, Sudan had a lively press, with most political parties publishing a variety of periodicals. In Khartoum, twenty-two daily papers were published, nineteen in Arabic and three in English. Altogether, the country had fifty-five daily or weekly newspapers and magazines. The RCC-NS banned all these papers and dismissed more than one thousand journalists. At least fifteen journalists, including the director of the Sudan News Agency and the editor of the monthly Sudanow, were arrested after the coup. Since coming to power, the RCC-NS has authorized the publication of only a few papers and periodicals, all of which were published by the military or government agencies and edited by official censors. The leading daily in 1991 was Al Inqadh al Watani (National Salvation).
Radio and television
Radio and television broadcasting are operated by the government. In 1990, there were an estimated 250,000 television sets (now there are about one million) in the country and about six million radio receivers. Sudan Television operated three stations located in Omdurman, Al Jazirah, and Atbarah. The major radio station of the Sudan National Broadcasting Corporation was in Omdurman, with a regional station in Juba for the south. Following the 1989 coup, the RCC-NS dismissed several broadcasters from Sudan Television because their loyalty to the new government and its policies was considered suspect.
In opposition to the official broadcast network, the SPLM operated its own clandestine radio station, Radio SPLA, from secret transmitters within the country and facilities in Ethiopia. Radio SPLA broadcasts were in Arabic, English, and various languages of the south. In 1990, the National Democratic Alliance began broadcasts on Radio SPLA's frequencies.
Another clandestine radio station, Radio Dabanga, began broadcasting in December 2008 using shortwave transmitters of Radio Netherlands Worldwide. Government-run Radio Omdurman ran jamming signals to attempt to interfere with reception during Radio Dabanga's broadcast times, but these jamming efforts were ineffective, in part because Radio Dabanga used two shortwave frequencies.
List of Media Outlets in Sudan
- Al-Ra'y al-Amm – a private, daily paper 
- Al-Ayam – an established daily paper 
- Al-Khartoum – a privately owned paper 
- Alwan – a daily paper for the capital, Khartoum 
- Al-Sahafah – a daily paper 
- Al-Anba – a government-owned paper 
- Sudan National Broadcasting Corporation (SNBC) – a government-run television station 
- Sudan National Radio Corporation – a government-run radio station 
- Mango 96 FM – a private, Khartoum music radio station 
- Sudan News Agency (Suna) – a news service available in Arabic, English and French 
- Sudan Tribune – an English-language news site based in France 
- This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.
- 'Media and Telecommunication Lansdcape in Soudan and South Soudan', a 'infoasaid' guide, February 2011, 92 pp.