Media of Vanuatu
The Republic of Vanuatu is an officially trilingual state in the western Pacific, the three national languages being English, French and Bislama. There is a diversity of newspapers, but only one, state-owned television channel. Private radio stations are a recent development; there were reportedly none in 2007.
Freedom of the media
Freedom House in 2007 categorised Vanuatu's media as "free", noting however that "journalists have been censored or intimidated" by members of the police in isolated incidents, leading to apologies by the Police Commissioner.
In 2001, Marc Neil-Jones, British-born publisher of the Vanuatu Daily Post, "was unlawfully deported from Vanuatu before being able to publish an article critical of the government". His deportation was subsequently overturned. In June 2011, Harry Iauko was convicted of aiding and abetting damage to property and aiding and abetting intentional assault, for having led a group of men into the offices of the Daily Post, where they assaulted Neil-Jones for the newspaper's criticism of Iauko, who was at the time Minister for Infrastructure and Public Utilities. Iauko was fined Vt15,000. Reporters Without Borders denounced the fine as "risible", saying it was "not commensurate with the gravity of the crime", and that such a small fine for an assault on a journalist risked pushing other journalists to censor themselves rather than criticise politicians.
The Vanuatu Weekly is a state-owned paper published in all three national languages. The two main daily newspapers are both private: the Port Vila Presse (in French and in English), and the Vanuatu Daily Post (in English). The Daily Post has a sister weekly newspaper in French, L'Hebdo du Vanuatu. The Vanuatu Independent, Nasara and the Ni-Vanuatu are all private weekly papers.
The state-owned Radio Vanuatu is operated by the Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation. Its origins lie in the colonial era, prior to the country's independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980. During the colonial period it began as Radio Vila, then Radio New Hebrides, initially broadcasting only ten minutes a day. As of 2013, it broadcasts "16 hours of news, information programs, music and entertainment". The station "has achieved almost nationwide coverage", and, as of 2000, used Bislama "approximately 80 percent of the time".
Television Blong Vanuatu (Bislama for "Television of Vanuatu"), is operated by the state's Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation. "Established with the help of Radio France Overseas", it broadcasts both in French and in English. As of 2010, it reached only about 20% of the population, and 80% of its content was borrowed from the New Caledonian channel Nouvelle-Calédonie 1re. France provided assistance to extend its coverage to a greater part of the country.
KAM TV (Komuniti Akses Media) is the second TV channel locally produced in Vanuatu by Marke Lowen. It broadcasts 24x7 and the programming consists of approx 95% local content. KAM is operated as a free Open public channel promoting local cultural knowledge and education under a 'not for profit' structure. It is broadcast FTA as Channel 1 on Telsat Pacific's UHF DVB-T2 digital TV system. (www.telsat.vu)
- "Vanuatu: Freedom of the Press 2007", Freedom House
- "Vanuatu: Rival media clash in slanging match over radio licence", Scoop.co.nz, 5 November 2010
- "Iauko pleads guilty, fined Vt15,000 by court", Vanuatu Daily Post, 1 July 2011
- "Risible fine for minister who assaulted newspaper publisher", Reporters Without Borders, 12 July 2011
- "Media and Broadcasting in Vanuatu", Commonwealth of Nations
- "Vanuatu profile: Media", BBC, 10 January 2012
- "Gov’t urged to maximise Radio Vanuatu coverage", Vanuatu Daily Post, 15 February 2013
- The Pacific Islands: an encyclopedia, Brij V. Lal and Kate Fortune (eds.), University of Hawaii Press, 2000, ISBN 0-8248-2265-X, p.74
- "Vers une couverture télévisuelle de l’archipel avec l’aide de la France", French embassy in Vanuatu, 14 October 2010