Medial superior genicular artery

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Medial superior genicular artery
The femoral artery. (Medial sup. genicular labeled at bottom right.)
Circumpatellar anastomosis. (Medial superior genicular labeled at upper right, fourth from top.)
Branches Branch to vastus medialis, branch to surface of the femur and the knee-joint
Latin arteria superior medialis genus
TA A12.2.16.035
FMA 22584
Anatomical terminology

The medial superior genicular, a branch of the popliteal artery,[1] runs in front of the Semimembranosus and Semitendinosus, above the medial head of the Gastrocnemius, and passes beneath the tendon of the Adductor magnus.

It divides into two branches, one of which supplies the vastus medialis, anastomosing with the highest genicular and medial inferior genicular arteries; the other ramifies close to the surface of the femur, supplying it and the knee-joint, and anastomosing with the lateral superior genicular artery.

The medial superior genicular artery is frequently of small size, a condition, which is associated with an increase in the size of the highest genicular.


See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 633 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Healthline Editorial Team. "Medial superior genicular artery". Yahoo! Health. Retrieved 21 October 2012.