Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A sliced medianoche with lettuce
Alternative namesCuban sandwich
Place of originCuba
Main ingredientsEgg bread, roast pork, ham, mustard, Swiss cheese, and sweet pickles

Medianoche (pronounced [meðjaˈnotʃe]; Spanish for "midnight") is a type of sandwich which originated in Cuba. It is served in many Cuban communities in the United States. It is so named because of the sandwich's popularity as a staple served in Havana's night clubs right around or after midnight.

A medianoche consists of roast pork, ham, mustard, Swiss cheese, and sweet pickles. It is a close cousin to the Cuban sandwich, the chief difference being that a medianoche is made on soft, sweet egg dough bread similar to challah rather than on crustier Cuban bread. Like the Cuban sandwich, the medianoche is typically warmed in a press before eating.[1]

Elena Ruz[edit]

The Elena Ruz sandwich is a turkey sandwich with cream cheese and strawberry jam on toasted but not pressed medianoche bread.[2] It is named after the Cuban socialite Elena Ruz Valdés-Fauli, who convinced the Havana restaurant El Carmelo to put it on the menu in the late 1920s or early 1930s. As of the 2020s, Cuban-American restaurants such as Versailles in Miami have continued to serve the sandwich despite waning popularity.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Taste of Cuba
  2. ^ Frías, Carlos (December 19, 2019). "The Elena Ruz is the Cuban sandwich you should be eating". Miami Herald. Doral, Florida. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  3. ^ Morales, Christina (November 19, 2021). "The History Behind the Elena Ruz, the Quintessential Cuban Sandwich". The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2021.