Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

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Medical College and Hospital
Kolkata
Medical College, Bengal Logo.svg
Latin: Bengala Medicus Collegium
MottoLatin: Cum Humanitate Scientia
Motto in English
Humanity and Science
TypePublic medical school
Established28 January 1835
(187 years ago)
 (28 January 1835)
FounderLord William Bentinck
Academic affiliations
PrincipalRaghunath Mishra
Academic staff
249 (2022)[1]
Students1,891 (2022)[1]
Undergraduates1,245 (2022)[1]
Postgraduates646 (2022)[1]
Address
88 College Street, Kolkata 700001

22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619Coordinates: 22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619
CampusLarge city
26 acres (11 ha)
Websitewww.medicalcollegekolkata.in Edit this at Wikidata

Calcutta Medical College, officially Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, is a public medical school and hospital in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It is the oldest existing hospital in Asia.[2] The institute was established on 28 January 1835 by Lord William Bentinck during British Raj as Medical College, Bengal. It is the second oldest medical college to teach Western medicine in Asia after Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry and the first institute to teach in English language. The hospital associated with the college is the largest hospital in West Bengal. The college offers MBBS degree after five and a half years of medical training.

Front façade of the administrative block
Calcutta Medical College & Hospital main entrance at College Street, Kolkata.

Rankings[edit]

University and college rankings
Medical – India
NIRF (2022)[3]43

Medical College, Kolkata ranked 43rd among Medical Institution by National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2022.[3]

Politics[edit]

Plaque in memory of Sree Dhiraranjan Sen

Student politics is rooted in tradition, with many students participating in the Indian freedom struggle.[4] Anti-British movements were implemented with the programmes of Bengal Provincial Students' Federation (BPSF),[4] the Bengal branch of All India Students' Federation. Student politics was initially focused on the independence of India.[4] In 1947, Sree Dhiraranjan Sen, a student of the college, died during a Vietnam Day police firing.[5] The Vietnam Students’ Association passed a resolution in its Hanoi session in memory of Sen in March 1947.[6]

Student politics were highly influenced by the partition of Bengal and communal riots during and after the partition of India.[7] Between 1946 and 1952, the college's doctors stood for communal harmony and worked hard in the refugee colonies. During 1952, ex-students of the college, among them Bidhan Chandra Roy who became the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, established the Students' Health Home for the welfare of students.[7][8]

From the 1950s to the 1970s, the college became a centre of leftist and far-left politics.[9] Student politics was highly influenced by the Naxalbari uprising in the early 1970s.[10]

Main building of Calcutta Medical College and Hospital

Development[edit]

Indian postage stamp of 1985 dedicated to the Calcutta Medical College

In August 2003, the then union health minister Sushma Swaraj had given the in-principle assented nod to the upgrade of MCH, Kolkata on the lines of AIIMS. [11]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "NIRF 2022" (PDF). Medical College, Bengal.
  2. ^ Bandyopadhyay, Krishnendu (4 October 2018). "Looking back at the oldest surviving block in Asia's medical history". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  3. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2022 (Medical)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 15 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Dāśagupta, Hīrena; Adhikārī, Harinārāẏaṇa (2008). Bhāratīẏa Upamāhādeśera chātra āndolana [Student Movement in Indian Sub-continent] (in Bengali). Kalakātā: Ryāḍikyāla. ISBN 8185459800.
  5. ^ Bengal Legislative Council Debates (1947). 1947. pp. 79–88.
  6. ^ Chattopadhyay, Gautam. ভারতের ছাত্র আন্দোলনের ইতিহাস [History of India's student movement] (in Bengali).
  7. ^ a b Jha, Purnendu; Banerjee, Naresh (2003). পিপলস্ রিলিফ কমিটি দ্যুতিময় ইতিবৃত্ত [People's Relief Committee:A Glowing Account] (in Bengali). People's Relief Committee. pp. 11, 42–61.
  8. ^ Chattopadhaya, Pashupatinath (2001). স্টুডেন্টস্ হেলথ হোম(প্রথম দশক) [Students' Health Home (The First Decade)] (in Bengali). Arun Sen Memorial Committee.
  9. ^ Chakraborty, Shyamal (2011). 60–70 Er Chatra Andolan (in Bengali). N.B.A Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9788176262408.
  10. ^ Mitra, Saibal. Saater Chhatra Andolon [An essay on Student Movement of Sixties] (in Bengali). ISBN 81-7990-069-X.
  11. ^ "Calcutta Medical College AIIMS high". The Times of India 01:32 IST. Kolkata. 4 August 2003. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Government declares late Lamu Amatya Nepal's first nurse". thehimalayantimes.com. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Profile on SERB" (PDF). Scientific and Engineering Research Board. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • David Arnold, Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth Century India, Delhi, 1993
  • Calcutta Medical College, The Centenary of the Medical College, Bengal, 1835–1934. Calcutta, 1935
  • Das, Anirban; Sen, Samita (2011). "A history of the Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, 1835–1936". In Dasgupta, Uma (ed.). Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, C. 1784–1947. Pearson Education India. pp. 477–522. ISBN 978-81-317-2818-5.
  • Poonam Bala, Imperialism and Medicine in Bengal: A Socio-Historical Perspective, New Delhi, 1991
  • Sen, S.N., Scientific and Technical Education in India 1781–1900, Indian National Science Academy, 1991

External links[edit]