Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

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Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
Medical College, Bengal Logo.svg
MottoLatin: Cum Humanitate Scientia
Motto in English
Humanity and Science
TypeMedical college and hospital
Established28 January 1835; 185 years ago (28 January 1835)
FounderLord William Bentinck
PrincipalManju Bandyopadhyay
88 College Street, Kolkata 700001

22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619Coordinates: 22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619
26 acres (0.11 km2)
AffiliationsWest Bengal University of Health Sciences
Medical College, Calcutta India Stamp 1985

Calcutta Medical College, officially Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, is an Indian medical school and hospital. The school was established in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck as Medical College, Bengal during British Raj and is one of the oldest institutes teaching Western medicine in Asia.

It is the second medical college to teach European medicine in Asia after Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry and the first to teach in the English language. The hospital associated with the college is the largest hospital in West Bengal. The college imparts the degrees Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) after completion of five and half years of medical training, amongst other qualifications.

Foundation of Calcutta Medical College.


The college was ranked 19th among medical colleges in India in 2019 by Outlook India.[2]

Frontal facade of the administrative block


In Memory of Sree Dhiraranjan Sen

Politics among the students of the institution has rich traditions, with scores of students participating in the Indian freedom struggle.[3][page needed] The anti-British movements were implemented in this campus with the programmes of Bengal Provincial Students' Federation (BPSF),[3] the Bengal branch of All India Students' Federation (AISF). Initial focus of student politics was on the independence of India.[3] Many[quantify] students were dismissed from their college or were gaoled during Quit India Movement in 1942.[citation needed] In 1947, a student of this college, Sree Dhiraranjan Sen, died on Vietnam Day (24 January) police firing.[4] The Vietnam Students’ Association passed a resolution in its Hanoi session in memory of the Indian student martyr in March 1947.[5][pages needed]

Students politics in this campus was highly influenced by the partition of Bengal and communal riots during and after the Independence (1946-1947).[6] Between 1946 and 1952, medicos of this college stood for communal harmony and worked hard in the refugee colonies. During 1952, some of the ex-students of the college, among them Bidhan Chandra Roy who later became the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, took a major responsibility in the establishment of Students' Health Home for the welfare of students.[6][7]

The students also took part in the Food Movement of 1959.[citation needed] On 31 August, ten students of the college were severely lathi charged by police.[citation needed] Junior doctors also took part in this movement.[8][better source needed] In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s the college became a centre of leftist and then far-left politics.[9] Students politics was highly influenced by the Naxalbari movement in early 1970s.[10]

Cultural programmes[edit]

Aesculapia, a college cultural festival, was launched in 1976. Taking its name from Asclepius, the God of medicine in Greek mythology, it consisted of three days of inter-college competitive events of music, quizzes, debates, arts and drama. This festival has been replaced by another five-day festival, RHAPSODY, since 2002.[11]

Notable alumni[edit]

Upendranath Bramachari

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Data for NIRF'2020'" (PDF). Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Feb 13, 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ "India's Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2019". Outlook. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Dāśagupta, Hīrena; Adhikārī, Harinārāẏaṇa (2008). Bhāratīẏa Upamāhādeśera chātra āndolana [Student Movement in Indian Sub-continent] (in Bengali). Kalakātā: Ryāḍikyāla. ISBN 8185459800.
  4. ^ Bengal Legislative Council Debates (1947). 1947. pp. 79–88.
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Gautam. ভারতের ছাত্র আন্দোলনের ইতিহাস [History of India's student movement] (in Bengali).
  6. ^ a b Jha, Purnendu; Banerjee, Naresh (2003). পিপলস্ রিলিফ কমিটি দ্যুতিময় ইতিবৃত্ত [People's Relief Committee:A Glowing Account] (in Bengali). People's Relief Committee. pp. 11, 42–61.
  7. ^ Chattopadhaya, Pashupatinath (2001). স্টুডেন্টস্ হেলথ হোম(প্রথম দশক) [Students' Health Home (The First Decade)] (in Bengali). Arun Sen Memorial Committee.
  8. ^ Jnanabrata Sil (16 September 2010). "Reminiscence of Food Movement - 1959". Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  9. ^ Chakraborty, Shyamal (2011). 60-70 Er Chatra Andolan (in Bengali). N.B.A Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9788176262408.
  10. ^ Mitra, Saibal. Saater Chhatra Andolon [An essay on Student Movement of Sixties] (in Bengali). ISBN 81-7990-069-X.
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Profile on SERB" (PDF). Scientific and Engineering Research Board. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  13. ^ Bose, Anjali (editor), Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol II, 1996/2004,(in Bengali), p215, 219, ISBN 81-86806-99-7


  • David Arnold, Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth Century India, Delhi, 1993
  • Calcutta Medical College, The Centenary of the Medical College, Bengal, 1835–1934. Calcutta, 1935
  • Das, Anirban; Sen, Samita (2011). "A history of the Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, 1835-1936". In Dasgupta, Uma (ed.). Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, C. 1784-1947. Pearson Education India. pp. 477–522. ISBN 978-81-317-2818-5.
  • Poonam Bala, Imperialism and Medicine in Bengal: A Socio-Historical Perspective, New Delhi, 1991
  • Sen, S.N., Scientific and Technical Education in India 1781–1900, Indian National Science Academy, 1991

External links[edit]