Medical astrology (traditionally known as iatromathematics) is an ancient applied branch of astrology based mostly on melothesia (Gr. μελοθεσία), the association of various parts of the body, diseases, and drugs with the nature of the sun, moon, planets, and the twelve astrological signs. The underlying basis for medical astrology, astrology itself, is considered to be a pseudoscience as there is no scientific basis for its core beliefs. 
Medical astrology was mentioned by Marcus Manilius (1st century AD) in his epic poem (8000 verses) Astronomica.
- Ficino, Marsilio, Three Books on Life (1489) [De vita libri tre] translated by Carol V. Kaske and John R. Clark, Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton and The Rneaissance Society of America (1989.) ISBN 0-86698-041-5
- Lilly, William, Christian Astrology (1647)
- Culpepper, Nicholas, Astrological Judgement of Diseases from the Decumbiture of the Sick (1655) ISBN 1-5381-0113-0
- Saunders, Richard, The Astrological Judgment and Practice of Physick (1677) ISBN 1-161-41322-7
- Cornell, H.L., M.D., The Encyclopaedia of Medical Astrology (1933), Astrology Classics [Abington, MD, 2010.]
- Planets in astrology
- Medieval medicine of Western Europe
- Astrological botany
- Spiritual healing
- Astrology and science
- ^ "Activities With Astrology". Astronomical society of the Pacific.
- ^ "Objections to Astrology: A Statement by 186 Leading Scientists". The Humanist, September/October 1975. Archived from the original on 2009-03-18.
- ^ Eysenck, H.J., Nias, D.K.B., Astrology: Science or Superstition? (Penguin Books, 1982)
- ^ Richard Dawkins (1995-12-31). "The Real Romance in the Stars". The Independent, December 1995. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12.
- ^ "British Physicist Debunks Astrology in Indian Lecture". Associated Press.
- ^ "Astronomical Pseudo-Science: A Skeptic's Resource List". Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
- ^ Paul R. Thagard, 'Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience', PSA, vol 1. University of Chicago Press, 1978.
- Greenbaum, Dorian Gieseler (2015). "Astronomy, Astrology, and Medicine". Handbook of Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy. pp. 117–132. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6141-8_19. ISBN 978-1-4614-6140-1.
This chapter covers the topic of astronomy, astrology, and medicine from the Old Babylonian period to the Enlightenment.
- Harrison, Mark (2000). "From medical astrology to medical astronomy: Sol-lunar and planetary theories of disease in British medicine, c. 1700–1850". The British Journal for the History of Science. 33 (116 Pt 1): 25–48. doi:10.1017/S0007087499003854. PMID 11624340. S2CID 22247498.
- Resor, C. W. (June 3, 2020). "The Zodiac Man: How Astrology Guided Health Care". Primary Source Bazaar.