Medical education in the Philippines

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Medical education in Philippines is principally offered and developed by accredited and government recognized medical schools in the country.

The Philippine medical schools are graduate schools offering the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. The M.D. is a four-year professional degree program which qualifies the degree holder to take the licensure exam for medical doctors in the Philippines.

Admission to medical schools[edit]

Before applying to any medical school, a candidate must earn a bachelor's degree with credits in certain required subjects. The most common pre-medical degrees include biology, psychology, pharmacy, medical technology, biochemistry, microbiology, nursing, and physical therapy.[1]

In addition, a candidate must take the National Medical Admission Test (NMAT), the national entrance exam for all medical schools in the Philippines.[1][2]

Professional medical degree[edit]

The Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) is a four-year professional degree program dealing with medical theories, practices, technologies, and problem solving.

The completion of the degree program with one-year postgraduate internship qualifies a candidate to take the licensure exam for medical doctors in the Philippines.[1]

Philippine medical schools[edit]

Medical schools in the country are regulated by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) of the Philippines, and accredited by the Association of Philippine Medical Colleges.[1]

Top Philippine medical schools[edit]

The Board of Medicine of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) of the Philippines.[1] as on September 2018 announced that 3717 out of 4542 students passed in the Philippine Physician Licensure Examination given by the Board of Medicine in the cities of Manila, Baguio, Cebu and Davao City.

The top 10 performing schools in the September 2018 Physician Licensure Examination as per Commission Resolution No. 2010-547 series of 2010 were:[3][4][5]

Rank Name Number of Examinees Passed Passing Percentage
1 Cebu Institute of Medicine (CIM) 150 149 99.74%
2 Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Medicine (PLM-CM) 123 121 99.71%
3 UV Gullas College of Medicine 276 267 98.54%
4 St. Luke's College of Medicine 482 430 97.87%
5 Davao Medical School Foundation 162 157 96.91%
6 University of the Philippines Manila 142 136 96.39%
7 West Visayas State University 94 91 96.81%
8 University of Santo Tomas University of Santo Tomas 465 459 96.39%
9 Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health 143 137 95.80%
10 Silliman University 57 54 94.74%

List of APMC (Accredited Philippine Medical Schools)[edit]

There are 38 APMC member schools and colleges as of 2009.[6]

Name Dean Location
Manila Theological College-College of Medicine May Emmeline B. Montellano, M.D. Manga Ave., Manila
Manila Central University College of Medicine Lilybeth R. Tanchoco, M.D. Caloocan
Our Lady of Fatima University Reynaldo A. Olazo, M.D. Valenzuela
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Angeline D. Alabastro, M.D. Intramuros, Manila
San Beda College of Medicine Fernandino Jose A. Fontanilla, M.D. Mendiola, Manila
St. Luke's College of Medicine – William H. Quasha Memorial Susan Pelea Nagtalon, M.D. Sta. Ignacia St., Quezon City
UERMMMC College of Medicine Norbert Lingling D. Uy, M.D. Aurora Blvd., Quezon City
University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery Ma. Lourdes Domingo-Maglinao, M.D. España, Manila
University of the Philippines College of Medicine Agnes Mejia, M.D. Pedro Gil, Manila
Baguio Central University Ma. Ana P. Custodio, M.D. Baguio, Benguet
Saint Louis University International School of Medicine John Anthony A. Domantay, M.D. Baguio, Benguet
Lyceum-Northwestern University Dr. Francisco Q. Duque Medical Foundation Felipe H. Rodriguez, M.D. Dagupan, Pangasinan
University of Northern Philippines Pablo R. Quedado, M.D. Vigan, Ilocos Sur
Virgen Milagrosa University Foundation Aurora R. Espinoza, M.D. San Carlos, Pangasinan
Cagayan State University Antonino Paguirigan M.D. Tuguegarao, Cagayan
Angeles University Foundation School of Medicine Evelyn B. Yumiaco, M.D. Angeles, Pampanga
De La Salle Medical and Health Sciences Institute Madeleine M. Sosa, M.D. Dasmariñas, Cavite
University of Perpetual Help – Dr. Jose G. Tamayo Medical University Winnie P. Siao, M.D. Biñan, Laguna
Bicol Christian College of Medicine Ofelia Samar Sy, M.D. Legazpi, Albay
Central Philippine University College of Medicine Glenn A. M. Catedral, M.D. Iloilo City
Iloilo Doctors' College of Medicine Ludovico Jurao, M.D. Iloilo City
University of St. La Salle Ricardo Gallaga, M.D. Bacolod, Negros Occidental
West Visayas State University Joselito F. Villaruz, M.D. Iloilo City
Cebu Doctors' University Enrico B. Gruet, M.D. Cebu City
Cebu Institute of Medicine Thelma L. Fernandez, M.D. Cebu City
Silliman University Medical School Jonathan C. Amante, M.D. Dumaguete, Negros Oriental
Southwestern University School of Medicine Peter S. Aznar, M.D. Urgello St., Cebu City

St Paul University Philippines

Southwestern University - Matias H. Aznar Memorial College of Medicine Inc. Arlene M. Diaz, M.D. Redemptorist Plaza, Camputhaw, Cebu City
Gullas College of Medicine University of the Visayas Leonardo Raymund C. Cimafranca, M.D. Mandaue, Cebu
Remedios Trinidad Romualdez Medical School Foundation Jesus G. Reyes, M.D. Tacloban, Leyte
University of the Philippines School of Health Sciences in Leyte Salvador Isidro B. Destura, M.D. Palo, Leyte
Mindanao State University College of Medicine Cristina D. Achacoso, M.D. Iligan, Lanao del Norte
Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan Dr. Jose P. Rizal School of Medicine Ruth S. Beltran, M.D. Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental
Davao Medical School Foundation, Inc. Petronilo A. Basa, M.D. Bajada, Davao City

Philippine Physician Licensure Examination[edit]

The licensure exams for physicians (board exam for doctors) are administered by the Philippine Board of Medicine, a professional regulatory body under the general control and supervision of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) of the Philippines.[1]

Advanced medical studies[edit]

After graduation from medical school and passing the board exam for doctors, a Filipino doctor is labelled as a general medical practitioner. He may seek further training by way of graduate programs in medicine (i.e., Master of Public Health, Master of Health Services Administration, etc.), or by way of medical specialization.[1]

Graduate medical programs[edit]

Graduate programs are offered in some medical schools in the country and abroad. Candidates usually attend lectures and practical exercises in an academic environment and in laboratory settings. The program may require the presentation and defense of a graduate-level thesis, an independent research project, or supervised professional practice as a final graduation requirement. The entire academic program may last from one year to five years, depending on the requirements of the curriculum; the demands of the institution; and the academic load, availability, and dedication of the individual student.[1]

Medical specialization[edit]

Medical specialization usually takes three to six years of residency training in accredited hospitals and clinics, and the taking of diplomate board examinations conducted by a board of medical specialists in a particular field (i.e., Philippine Board of Psychiatry, Philippine Board of Pediatrics, Philippine Board of Surgery, Philippine Specialty Board of Internal Medicine, Philippine Academy of Family Physicians Board of Examiners etc.). After specialization, the doctor may practice his field of specialty or pursue one to three years of subspecialty training / fellowship such as A) Pediatrics and internal medicine: cardiology, pulmonology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, infectious disease, oncology etc. B) Surgery: thoracic and cardiovascular, pediatric, transplant, trauma, minimally invasive, oncology C) Anesthesiology: pain, cardiovascular D) OB Gyn: oncology, ultrasound, reproductive endocrinology and infertility Straight programs for subspecialties are also offered : urology, orthopedics, plastic and reconstructive, neurosurgery [1]

Medical practice[edit]

Medical practice in the Philippines is developed, monitored, and regulated by the Philippine Medical Association (PMA), the largest organization of medical doctors in the country. Other medical and health societies co-exist to pursue more specific interests in the medical field (i.e. Philippine Academy of Family Physicians, Philippine Dermatological Society, Philippine Cancer Society, Philippine Pediatric Society, Philippine Association for the Study of Overweight and Obesity, etc.).[7]

The Department of Health, a cabinet-level department under the Office of the President of the Philippines, exercises general monitoring supervisory powers over medical practitioners and allied health personnel in the Philippines.[8]

Notable Filipino doctors[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Medical education, Professional Regulation Commission of the Philippines, 2007.
  2. ^ CHED Memorandum Order no. 10, series of 2006[permanent dead link].
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2013-04-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Allied organizations, Philippine Medical Association, 2007.
  8. ^ Public Information Office, Department of Health, Republic of the Philippines, 2007.

External links[edit]