Medical nutrition therapy

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Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a medical doctor physician, registered dietitian, or professional nutritionist.[1] The diet is based upon the patient's medical record, physical examination, functional examination and dietary history.[citation needed]

The role of MNT when administered by a physician, dietitian or professional nutritionist is to reduce the risk of developing complications in pre-existing conditions such as type 2 diabetes as well as ameliorate the effects any existing conditions such as high cholesterol.[citation needed]Many medical conditions either develop or are made worse by an improper or unhealthy diet.[2][3][4]

An example is intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) therapy, a nutritional support therapy for people on hemodialysis who have a difficult time maintaining adequate nutrition.[5] Another recent example is the use of macronutrient preload in type 2 diabetes.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Skipper, Annalynn (2009-10-07). Advanced Medical Nutrition Therapy Practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 50. ISBN 9780763742898. 
  2. ^ Sikand G, Kashyap ML, Yang I Medical nutrition therapy lowers serum cholesterol and saves medication costs in men with hypercholesterolemia.J Am Diet Assoc. 1998 Aug;98(8):889-94; quiz 895-6.PMID 9710659
  3. ^ Copperman N, Jacobson MS. Medical nutrition therapy of overweight adolescents. Adolesc Med. 2003 Feb;14(1):11-21. PMID 12529187
  4. ^ Budimka Novaković, Maja Grujicić and Ljiljana Trajković-Pavlović. Medical nutrition prevention and medical nutrition therapy of lipid metabolism disorder Med Pregl 62 Suppl 3():95-100 (2009) PMID 19702125
  5. ^
  6. ^ Li C, Norstedt G, Hu ZG, Yu P, Li DQ, Li J, Yu Q, Sederholm M, Yu DM. Effects of a macronutrient preload on type 2 diabetic patients, Frontiers in Endocrinology 6:139, 2015

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