Medical nutrition therapy

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Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a medical doctor, registered dietitian or professional nutritionist. The diet is based upon the patient's medical record, physical examination, functional examination and dietary history.

The role of MNT when administered by an MD, dietitian or professional nutritionist is to reduce the risk of developing complications in pre-existing conditions such as type 2 diabetes as well as ameliorate the effects any existing conditions such as high cholesterol.

Many medical conditions either develop or are made worse by an improper or unhealthy diet.[1][2][3]

An example is Intradialytic Parenteral Nutrition (IDPN) Therapy, a nutritional support therapy for people on hemodialysis who have a difficult time maintaining adequate nutrition.[4] Another recent example is the use of macronutrient preload in type 2 diabetes[5]

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  1. ^ Sikand G, Kashyap ML, Yang I Medical nutrition therapy lowers serum cholesterol and saves medication costs in men with hypercholesterolemia.J Am Diet Assoc. 1998 Aug;98(8):889-94; quiz 895-6.PMID 9710659
  2. ^ Copperman N, Jacobson MS.Medical nutrition therapy of overweight adolescents. Adolesc Med. 2003 Feb;14(1):11-21. PMID 12529187
  3. ^ Budimka Novaković, Maja Grujicić and Ljiljana Trajković-Pavlović. Medical nutrition prevention and medical nutrition therapy of lipid metabolism disorder Med Pregl 62 Suppl 3():95-100 (2009) PMID 19702125
  4. ^
  5. ^ Li C, Norstedt G, Hu ZG, Yu P, Li DQ, Li J, Yu Q, Sederholm M, Yu DM. Effects of a macronutrient preload on type 2 diabetic patients, Frontiers in Endocrinology 6:139, 2015

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