Medical robot

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A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine. Patient-side cart of the da Vinci surgical system.

A medical robot is a robot that allows surgeons greater access to areas under operation using more precise and less invasive methods. They are in most telemanipulators, which use the surgeon's actions on one side to control the "effector" on the other side.[1][2][3]

Types of medical robots[edit]

Surgical robots 
These robots either allow surgical operations to be carried out with greater precision than an unaided human surgeon, or allow remote surgery where a human surgeon is not physically present with the patient.
Rehabilitation robots 
This group facilitates and supports the lives of infirm, elderly people, or those with dysfunction of body parts effecting movement. These robots are also used for rehabilitation and related procedures, such as training and therapy.
Biorobots 
A group of robots designed to imitate the cognition of humans and animals.
Telepresence robots
Allow off-site medical professionals to move, look around, communicate, and participate from remote locations.[4]
Pharmacy automation
Robotic systems to dispense oral solids in a retail pharmacy setting or preparing sterile IV admixtures in a hospital pharmacy setting.
Disinfection robot
has the capability to disinfect a whole room in mere minutes, generally using ultraviolet light technology. They are being used to fight Ebola virus disease.[5]

Disinfection robot[edit]

Pulsed light (PL) is a technique to decontaminate surfaces by killing MO’s using pulses of an intense broad spectrum, rich in UV-C light. UV-C is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponding to the band between 200 and 280 nm. PL works with Xenon flash lamps that can produce flashes several times per second. Disinfection robots use pulsed UV light[6][7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medical Robotics
  2. ^ Medical Robots: Current Systems and Research Directions
  3. ^ Schweikard, Achim & Ernst, Floris (October 2015). Medical Robotics. Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-3-319-22890-7. 
  4. ^ Corley, Anne-Marie (September 2009). "The Reality of Robot Surrogates". spectrum.ieee.com. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  5. ^ U.S. Military Robots To Join Fight Against Ebola
  6. ^ Pulsed (UV) Light
  7. ^ http://news.discovery.com/tech/robotics