A medical robot is a robot used in the medical sciences. They include, but are not limited to, surgical robots. These are in most telemanipulators, which use the surgeon's actions on one side to control the "effector" on the other side.
- Surgical robots
- These robots either allow surgical operations to be carried out with greater precision than an unaided human surgeon, or allow remote surgery where a human surgeon is not physically present with the patient.
- Rehabilitation robots
- This group facilitates and supports the lives of infirm, elderly people, or those with dysfunction of body parts effecting movement. These robots are also used for rehabilitation and related procedures, such as training and therapy.
- A group of robots designed to imitate the cognition of humans and animals.
- Telepresence robots
- Allow off-site medical professionals to move, look around, communicate, and participate from remote locations.
- Pharmacy automation
- Robotic systems to dispense oral solids in a retail pharmacy setting or preparing sterile IV admixtures in a hospital pharmacy setting.
- Disinfection robot
- has the capability to disinfect a whole room in mere minutes, generally using ultraviolet light technology. They are being used to fight Ebola virus disease.
Pulsed light (PL) decontaminates surfaces with pulses of intense UV-C radiation to kill microorganisms. UV-C is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum corresponding to the band between 200 and 280 nm. PL uses xenon flash lamps that can produce flashes several times per second. Disinfection robots use pulsed UV light.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Medical robots.|
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- Beasley, Ryan A. (12 August 2012). "Medical Robots: Current Systems and Research Directions". 2012: 1–14. doi:10.1155/2012/401613.
- Schweikard, Achim & Ernst, Floris (October 2015). Medical Robotics. Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-3-319-22890-7.
- Corley, Anne-Marie (September 2009). "The Reality of Robot Surrogates". spectrum.ieee.com. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Bayot, Asher (November 23, 2014). "U.S. Military Robots To Join Fight Against Ebola". Inquisitr.
- "Pulsed (UV) Light". Top Wiki.
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