Medically indigent adult
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Medically Indigent Adults (MIAs) in the health care system of the United States are persons who do not have health insurance and who are not eligible for other health care such as Medicaid, Medicare, or private health insurance. This is a term that is used both medically and for the general public. According to data reported by The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation in 2017, 45% of non-elderly adults do not have medical insurance because of cost. Those who are "medically indigent earn too much to qualify for Medicaid but too little to purchase either health insurance or health care." Medially indigent people with significant illnesses face several barriers to health insurance. States like South Carolina came up with their own MIAP program to assist those who fall in the gaps.
On March 23, 2010 the Affordable Care Act came into effect, which impacted the definition of medical indigence in the United States. The act is credited as benefiting thousands of Americans while also being detrimental to others. The initial intent for the act was to insure every person living in the United States, however in a 2015 article FiveThirtyEight stated that the act did not fix the entire problem as it did not cover undocumented and illegal aliens. Acts such as EMTALA ensures that every person coming into the emergency room must be treated regardless of insurance, with the patient left with the responsibility of paying the bill. The gap of not qualifying for insurance, as well as not being able to apply for insurance, leave these people in medical indigence.
Living Outside the qualified lines
Many states do not allow people access to Medicaid,[clarification needed] even in cases of extreme poverty, if no minor children are present in the home and they have not proven they are disabled. These people have no recourse to government provided healthcare and must rely on private charitable health programs, if any exist, in their area.
The term also applies to those incapable, mentally or physically, to perform certain acts in consideration with the position of financial level. Lack of capacity: financial, physical, as well as mental can be considered with verification, Medically Indigent. In the United States this term is applied regardless of race, religion, creed, or ethnicity, an actual state of being, very close to a disability, yet on the border of seemingly or likely to be non-functional at the time of decision making.
Receiving the Help Needed
Government MIA programs at the state or county or municipal level may help MIAs access medical care by paying for all or part of the cost of their medical care. Such programs are typically of last resort, and are available only to those who meet the "last resort" socioeconomic eligibility standards. Many people can't afford the outrageous medical bills and fall into the MIA criteria.
- Hartog, Joseph (1983-06-01). "The San Francisco Medically Indigent Adults: One Possible Solution". Psychiatric Annals. 13 (6): 493–501. doi:10.3928/0048-5713-19830601-10. ISSN 0048-5713.
- Christmas, Robert H. (1985-06-10). "Medically Indigent Adults". Health Marketing Quarterly. 2 (4): 7–9. doi:10.1300/j026v02n04_02. ISSN 0735-9683.
- "Key Facts about the Uninsured Population". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2017-09-19. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- "Eligibility". Medicaid.gov. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- "MEDICALLY INDIGENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (MIAP) MANUAL" (PDF). South Carolina Healthy Connections. Retrieved, 2018, 08,13
- Barry-Jester, Anna Maria (2015-09-28). "33 Million Americans Still Don't Have Health Insurance". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- Gebeloff, Robert and Tavernise, Sabrina https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/2013/10/03/health/millions-of-poor-are-left-uncovered-by-health-law.html Retrieved, 2018-08-13
- The Daily Journal Of the United States Government, https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/05/18/2016-11458/nondiscrimination-in-health-programs-and-activities%7Ctitle=Nondiscrimination Retrieved, 2018-08-13