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|City of Medicine Hat|
|Nickname(s): "The Hat", "The Gas City"|
|Motto: Animo et Fide (Latin)
"By Courage and Faith"
|• Village||May 31, 1894|
|• Town||November 1, 1898|
|• City||May 9, 1906|
|• Mayor||Ted Clugston|
|• Governing body|
|• CAO (Municipal Services)||Merete Heggelund|
|• MP||Glen Motz
–(Cons – Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner)
|• MLAs||Bob Wanner
–(NDP – Medicine Hat)
–(WRP – Cypress-Medicine Hat)
|• Land||112.04 km2 (43.26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||690 m (2,260 ft)|
|• Density||564.6/km2 (1,462/sq mi)|
|• Municipal census (2015)||63,018|
|Time zone||MST (UTC−07:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−06:00)|
|Forward sortation areas||T1A - T1C|
|Area code(s)||403, 587|
|Highways||1, 3, 41A|
|Waterways||South Saskatchewan River, Seven Persons Creek, Ross Creek|
|Railways||Canadian Pacific Railway|
Medicine Hat is a city in southeast Alberta, Canada. It is approximately 169 km (105 mi) east of Lethbridge and 295 km (183 mi) southeast of Calgary. This city and the adjacent Town of Redcliff to the northwest are surrounded by Cypress County. Medicine Hat was the sixth-largest city in Alberta in 2016 with a population of 63,230.
Medicine Hat is situated on the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1), the eastern terminus of the Crowsnest Highway (Highway 3), and the South Saskatchewan River. Nearby communities considered part of the Medicine Hat area include the Town of Redcliff (abutting the city's northwest boundary) and the hamlets of Desert Blume, Dunmore, Irvine, Seven Persons, and Veinerville. The Cypress Hills (including Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park) is a relatively short distance (by car) to the southeast of the city.
Historically, Medicine Hat has been known for its large natural gas fields, being immortalized by Rudyard Kipling as having "all hell for a basement". Because of these reserves, the city is known as "The Gas City".
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Attractions
- 5 Sports
- 6 Government
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Law enforcement
- 11 Military
- 12 Notable people
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The name "Medicine Hat" is the English translation of Saamis (SA-MUS) – the Blackfoot word for the eagle tail feather headdress worn by medicine men – or "Medicine Hat". Several legends are associated with the name from a mythical mer-man river serpent named Soy-yee-daa-bee – the Creator – who appeared to a hunter and instructed him to sacrifice his wife to get mystical powers which were manifest in a special hat. Another legend tells of a battle long ago between the Blackfoot and the Cree in which a retreating Cree "Medicine Man" lost his headdress in the South Saskatchewan River.
A number of factors have always made Medicine Hat a natural gathering place. Before Europeans arrived, the Blackfoot, Cree and Assiniboine nations used the area for hundreds of years. The gently sloping valley with its converging waterways and hardy native cottonwood trees attracted both humans and the migratory bison herds which passed through the area.
In 1883, when the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) reached Medicine Hat and crossed the river a town site was established using the name from the First Nations legends. As the west developed, Medicine Hat became instrumental with the development of the first hospital past Winnipeg in 1889 and as a CPR divisional point. It was incorporated as a town on October 31, 1898, and as a city on May 9, 1906. Medicine Hat is halfway between Winnipeg and Vancouver.
Progress and growth
Rich in natural resources including natural gas, coal, clay, and farmland, the town was known in the early days as "the Pittsburgh of the West". A number of large industries located here, under the inducement of cheap and plentiful energy resources. Coal mines, brick works, pottery and glass bottle manufacturing plants, flour mills, etc. became established. The agricultural potential of the surrounding area, both in crop and livestock, also made the town a viable service centre with a well established transportation route. An economic boom was experienced between 1909–1914 bringing the population to over 10,000. Little growth occurred between the World Wars, although the population swelled in the mid-1940s due to the town hosting one of the largest P.O.W. camps in Canada during the Second World War. It was not until the 1950s that the town again experienced significant commercial development. Today, Medicine Hat prides itself as one of the most economical places to live in Canada, with its unique city-owned gas utility and power generation plant being predominant factors. Major industries have included chemical plants, a Goodyear tire and rubber plant, greenhouses, numerous oil and gas related companies, a foundry, I-XL Industries (a brickworks dating from the 1880s), to name a few.
The Medicine Hat landscape is dominated by the South Saskatchewan River valley. In addition to this major river, both the Seven Persons Creek and Ross Creek empty into the South Saskatchewan River within the City of Medicine Hat boundary. The presence of these water bodies provide for a dramatic valley landscape with numerous cliffs, and finger coulees throughout the city. Beyond the city and river valley the land is flat to slightly rolling and is characterized by short-grass vegetation. Medicine Hat is also known as Canada's sunniest city.
Located about 40 km (25 mi) to the east at Badlands Guardian Geological Feature. It is a landscape formation taking the form of a head wearing a feathered headdress. The head is 1,000 ft (300 m) wide. It is in inverse relief, formed by valleys rather than raised ground.lies the
Located in the steppe region known as Palliser's Triangle, Medicine Hat has a semi-arid, continental climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cold winters, and warm to hot, dry summers. Frequently, the winter cold is ameliorated by mild and dry Chinook winds blowing from the west, and hot summer daytime temperatures are made more tolerable by low humidity and rapid cooling in the evening hours. Medicine Hat receives less precipitation annually than most other cities on the Canadian Prairies and plentiful sunshine (widely known as "The sunniest city in Canada"), making it a popular retirement city. Maximum precipitation typically occurs in the late spring and early summer.
|Climate data for Medicine Hat Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1883−present|
|Record high humidex||16.5||20.9||25.4||30.5||37.0||39.0||42.3||41.1||38.4||30.7||22.8||17.2||42.3|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.3
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−8.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−14.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−46.1
|Record low wind chill||−54.2||−50.7||−44.5||−31||−12.6||−2.9||0.0||0.0||−12.8||−37.6||−49.2||−58.9||−58.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0.6
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||14.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||7.7||6.3||8.4||7.3||10.2||10.9||8.3||6.9||7.6||5.8||7.3||7.9||94.7|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||0.73||0.52||2.1||5.5||9.8||10.9||8.3||6.9||7.4||4.4||1.8||0.84||59.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||7.8||6.4||7.0||2.9||1.4||0.0||0.0||0.04||0.46||2.2||6.4||7.7||42.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||110.0||138.1||174.2||240.3||282.8||303.4||353.5||323.9||221.4||181.5||114.6||98.6||2,544.3|
|Percent possible sunshine||41.2||48.6||47.4||58.3||59.3||62.5||71.7||72.3||58.3||54.3||42.0||38.9||54.6|
|Source: Environment Canada|
2013 Alberta floods
During the 2013 Alberta floods Medicine Hat, located on the South Saskatchewan River downstream from the confluence of the Bow and Oldman Rivers was hit with significant flooding. The city evacuated 10,000 residents ahead of the flooding, and facilities including the Medicine Hat Arena had begun to flood late Sunday evening, June 23. The South Saskatchewan River peaked at 5,460 m3/s (193,000 cu ft/s), which was below earlier predictions of 6,000 m3/s (210,000 cu ft/s), but exceeded the highest recorded rate of 5,100 m3/s (180,000 cu ft/s) in 1995.
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- Cottonwood – A community located above the Cottonwood golf course, between the light industrial area and the airport. Overlooks the World's Largest Teepee.
- Crescent Heights – Mainly built in the 1950s through to the 1960s. Located on the north side of city on the entire hill above the river valley.
- Crestwood and Norwood – This is an older area of town mainly built in the 1950s. It is located on a plateau southeast of the South Flats and the Seven Person's Creek. The Medicine Hat Stampede and Exhibition centre is within this area.
- Hamptons - A four-phase neighbourhood approved for development in 2005. It is located in south Medicine Hat, and is bounded by South Boundary Road to the south, 13 Avenue SE to the east, South Vista Heights to the west and Southridge to the north. It features architectural controls implemented by the developer.
- North Flats – The oldest area in Medicine Hat. Located northeast of the CPR marshalling yards near the South Saskatchewan River and downtown. An inner-city neighbourhood that is home to residential and industrial uses. This area is in the east valley.
- Park Meadows – An area that was developed in the 1990s, adjacent to Crestwood. Primarily residential with several apartments.
- Parkview – A subdivision developed in the 1990s, and located north of the South Saskatchewan River. It is adjacent to Police Point Park and Medicine Hat Golf and Country Club.
- Ranchlands – A neighbourhood developed in the mid 2000s and located in the northeast sector of the city. The neighbourhood includes residential lands both above and in the South Saskatchewan River valley.
- River Heights – Located on the Southwest Hill north of the hospital, and south of the South Saskatchewan River. Includes River Heights Elementary School and an extended care wing, which was originally a part of the hospital.
- Riverside – A mature inner-city neighbourhood along the north bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The community has experienced gentrification. Mature trees and boulevards line the streets.
- Ross Glen – Low density middle-class neighbourhood located in the southeast end of the city.
- Saamis Heights – Located west of South Ridge in the south sector of the city. Saamis Heights was developed in under five years. The community borders the Seven Person's Creek valley and thus provides some walkout view lots.
- South Flats – Located south of the CPR marshalling yard, also in the valley, and adjacent to downtown.
- South Ridge – The first residential development south of the Trans-Canada Highway. First developed in the late 1970s. Adjacent to the World's Largest Teepee.
- South Vista Heights – A new residential suburban community south of the Trans-Canada Highway.
- Southeast Hill – One of the oldest areas of the city. It originally overlooked downtown on the north side of the hill and Kin Coulee on the south side. Originally this area housed CPR workers. It is home to four schools.
- Southlands – A community that opened in 2007. It is home to a significant regional commercial centre including Walmart, Staples, Canadian Tire and The Home Depot. The residential community includes parks, future school sites, many low residential lots, and several large multi-family sites.
- Southview – Located in the southeast part of the city between Ross Glen and Crestwood.
- Southwest Hill – Located west of Division Avenue next to the SE Hill area. It is home to five schools and the city's hospital.
The average home price in Medicine Hat as of the end of September 2012 was $258,535.
|Source: Statistics Canada
In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Medicine Hat recorded a population of 63,260 living in 26,652 of its 27,970 total private dwellings, a change of 5.4% from its 2011 population of 60,005. With a land area of 112.04 km2 (43.26 sq mi), it had a population density of 564.6/km2 (1,462.4/sq mi) in 2016.
In the 2011 Census, the City of Medicine Hat had a population of 60,005 living in 25,445 of its 27,342 total dwellings, a change of 5.3% from its 2006 population of 56,997. With a land area of 112.01 km2 (43.25 sq mi), it had a population density of 535.7/km2 (1,387.5/sq mi) in 2011. Also in 2011, the Medicine Hat population centre had a population of 65,671, while the Medicine Hat census agglomeration had a population of 72,807. The population centre includes the adjacent Town of Redcliff to the northwest and a small portion of Cypress County to the east that includes the Hamlet of Veinerville, while the census agglomeration includes Redcliff and Cypress County in its entirety.
More than 89 percent of residents identified English as their first language at the time of the 2006 census, while 6 percent identified German and just over 1 percent each identified Spanish and French as their first language learned. The next most common languages were Ukrainian, Chinese, Dutch, and Polish.
More than 79 percent of residents identified as Christian at the time of the 2001 census while almost 20 percent indicated they had no religious affiliation. For specific denominations Statistics Canada counted 16,175 Roman Catholics (26.5 percent), 9,445 members of the United Church of Canada (15.5 percent), and 6,170 Lutherans (slightly more than 10 percent). Less numerous denominations included 3,780 Anglicans (more than 6 percent), 1,745 members of the Evangelical Missionary Church (almost 3 percent), 1,470 Baptists (over 2 percent), 1,220 identifying as Pentecostal (2 percent), 1,220 Latter-day Saints (2 percent), and 675 Presbyterians (just over 1 percent).
The Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District is a living, working museum that offers a unique and extensive experience through collections, exhibits, interpretation, guided tours and educational and artistic programming. The Medalta Potteries and Hycroft China Factory Complexes are the focal points in this 150-acre (0.6 km2) region. This nationally recognized industrial historic district is a cultural initiative of the Friends of Medalta Society with federal, provincial, municipal and private support. Restoration, preservation and cultural development of the Medicine Hat Clay Industries National Historic District for the purpose of education and public enjoyment is ongoing.
Just south of the Trans-Canada Highway and overlooking the Blackfoot buffalo jump is the world's tallest teepee, the "Saamis Teepee". Designed for the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary as a symbol of Canada's Aboriginal heritage, it was moved to Medicine Hat in 1991. It stands over 20 stories high and was designed to withstand extreme temperatures and winds up to 240 km/h (150 mph). During a January 2007 windstorm, a portion of the teepee was damaged. Upon further inspection, it was discovered that extensive weathering was partially to blame. After repairs were complete, the Saamis Teepee now stands approximately 15 ft (4.6 m) shorter.
The Medicine Hat Family Leisure Centre is the largest indoor multi-purpose facility in the city. The building is 90,000 sq ft (8,000 m2) and is sited on 57 acres (0.23 km2) in the north end of the city. The facility includes an Olympic-sized ice rink, 50 m (160 ft) pool, waterslide, diving platforms, kiddies pool, wave pool and cafe. It is currently undergoing an extensive renovation to include an indoor soccer facility, track and improved fitness centre. The improvements will almost double the size of the facility. In the area surrounding the Leisure Centre facility there are several other sporting venues including; four ball diamonds, lighted football field, three soccer pitches and one of the largest BMX racing facilities in Southern Alberta.
Located in downtown Medicine Hat, The Esplanade is a large multi purpose cultural centre. The facility features a 700+ seat performing arts theatre, art gallery, museum, archives, gift shop, and cafe. The Esplanade officially opened in October 2005.
The Medicine Hat Drag Racing Association is located just off the Trans-Canada Highway on Boundary Road or the spectators entrance on Box Springs Road. This is Alberta's only sanctioned National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) track and is a 1/4 mile in length. The facility proudly supports affordable family entertainment and encourages people to race the strip, not the street. The seasons typically run from May till September hosting a variety of events from jet and alcohol cars, bracket racing and the NHRA National open which attracts approximately 300 cars from all over North America.
The Shannon House is a historical landmark currently known as Saamis Memorial Funeral Chapel & Crematorium. After purchasing the land and a team of horses for $40.00 in 1895, James Shannon built "The Shannon House" in 1906 for his wife and nine children. For many years, the property served as a campground and in 1930, the Maple Leaf motel was built on the site The home continued to stay in the family for three generations and was purchased by a local family in 1990 who saw the visions of having the family home continue to play a prominent role in the community and turned it into a funeral home. Becoming an integral part of the Medicine Hat community, the location remains the hub of city's main road system.
There are over 100 km (62 mi) of walking trails in the city. All of the major parks are linked by the extensive trail system.
- Police Point Park was an early North-West Mounted Police outpost, and the park is now a 300-acre (1.2 km2) nature-lover's dream with shale paths next to the South Saskatchewan River. It is also one of Southern Alberta's well known birding destinations. The park encompasses The Medicine Hat Interpretive Program building, where they run programs and inform the public about the happenings of nature around the city.
- Strathcona Island Park is located along the south bank of the South Saskatchewan River. The park has 5 km (3.1 mi) of walking trails, playgrounds, a water park, ball diamonds, a pavilion centre, washrooms, ice skating, kitchens and fire pits. The park is heavily treed.
- Kin Coulee Park is located along the banks of the Seven Persons Creek. This 100-acre (0.4 km2) park is almost entirely manicured. The park features a skateboard park, two ball diamonds, beach volleyball courts, fire pits, a band shell, washrooms, and two playgrounds. It's also the venue for the annual Canada Day festival and fireworks.
- Echodale Regional Park is a 650 km2 (251.0 sq mi) park that includes an artificial swimming lake. Amenities include a beach, walking trails, fire pits, canoe rentals, paddle boats, snack bar, washrooms and historic ranch.
- Central Park – located in the Southeast Hill neighbourhood – is surrounded by large cottonwood trees and, on the north side, a row of cedar trees. It also has play structures and a spray-deck. A street basketball court can be found here, which is usually in full use during the summer months.
- Riverside Veterans' Memorial Park – located downtown across River Road from the South Saskatchewan river and across 6th Avenue from city hall – is home to the city's Cenotaph, a WWII era Sherman tank, a brick mural by James Marshall and two Canadian Pacific Railway locomotives.
The city is home to the Medicine Hat Tigers, a major junior ice hockey team in the Western Hockey League (WHL). Established in 1970, the team has won seven division titles, five WHL league championships and back-to-back Canadian Hockey League (CHL) Memorial Cups in 1987 and 1988 in its history. Numerous Tigers alumni moved on to play in the National Hockey League (NHL). Lanny McDonald played WHL hockey for the Medicine Hat Tigers. He played in 1971-1972 and scored 50 goals and assisted on 64 goals. In 1972-1973 seasons he scored 62 goals and 77 assists. They play at the Canalta Centre which opened in 2015 and replaced the Medicine Hat Arena.
The city is also home to the Medicine Hat Mavericks, a summer collegiate baseball team in the Western Major Baseball League (WMBL). Established in 2003, the team plays at Athletic Park stadium, formerly home to the Medicine Hat Blue Jays, in downtown Medicine Hat.
In 2012 the riding of Medicine Hat was renamed to Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner and Jim Hillyer of the Conservative Party of Canada (CPC) was elected in the 2015 election. Hillyer died in 2016 and in a by-election, held on October 24, 2016, Glen Motz (CPC) was elected.
LaVar Payne (CPC) was the Member of Parliament for Medicine Hat since October 2008, and was re-elected in the 2011 election. He announced in 2014 that he would not be running in the next election in October 2015. Previous to Payne the MP was Monte Solberg (CPC).
Medicine Hat has two provincial ridings. One is named Medicine Hat, and is represented by Bob Wanner of the New Democratic Party (NDP), while the other one is named Cypress-Medicine Hat, and is represented by Drew Barnes of the Wildrose Party.
Alberta Transportation is currently negotiating with landowners south of the city to secure land for the future Highway 1 (Trans-Canada Highway) bypass. The bypass is expected to be constructed in the next 10–20 years.
The city owns the gas production, gas distribution, electric generation and electric distribution utilities that serve the citizens. The city-owned gas utility is the 30th largest natural gas producer (by volume produced) in Canada.
The city is working on design of the South-West Sector Sanitary Trunk main, extension of South Boundary Road from Strachan Road to Southridge Drive, and a South-West Sector water transmission line. This infrastructure will accommodate the development of new residential communities west of South Ridge Dr, and south of the Seven Persons Creek.
Beginning in 2009, several ICT business leaders began working together to facilitate economic growth and diversify the local economy by building a robust community network based on fiber optic technologies.
Medicine Hat School District No. 76 has been serving the needs of public school students since it came into existence in 1886. The district has five trustees and comprises three secondary schools, Alexandra Middle School (formerly Alexandra Junior High School), Crescent Heights High School and Medicine Hat High School, 12 elementary (K–6) schools, a special needs school for the severely disabled, as well as an Alternative School program which incorporates a joint partnership with the YMCA Teen Moms' Program, YMCA Stay-in-School Program, a program with the former Palliser Health Region for secondary students and a program supported by Alberta Children Services for students with behavioural needs. French immersion programming is provided as an option. The district currently works with the BHTH Institution for Education, part of the International Education Association of Western Canada, to operate an international educational program in China and three schools have joined this program, Tangshan Caofeidian #2 School, Qinhuangdao Foreign Language School, and Shandong Weifang Middle School.
The Medicine Hat Catholic/Separate School District provides educational programming for students from kindergarten through Grade 12. French immersion programming is provided as an option in select District schools. It operates one high school, Monsignor McCoy, and nine other schools.
The Medicine Hat College is located in south Medicine Hat. The first students were accepted to the college in 1965. Now with over 2,500 students and three campuses, the college has grown into an integral part of the community. The Medicine Hat College Rattlers athletic program include basketball, volleyball, golf, soccer and futsol.
Medicine Hat is home to the South Alberta Light Horse (SALH), an army reserve unit. The SALH dates back to 1885 when it took part in the North-West Rebellion. Since then it has gained battle honours in the First and Second World Wars and today its members continue to serve overseas on United Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions. Currently the SALH has members serving in Afghanistan.
Canadian Forces Base Suffield is located 50 km (31 mi) west of the city. It is estimated that the base contributes C$120 million annually to the local economy, principally through its two lodger units: British Army Training Unit Suffield, and Defence Research and Development Canada – Suffield).
- Jurgen Gothe, radio broadcaster
- Richard Hortness, Olympic swimmer
- Trevor Linden, former professional hockey player, member of the Order of Canada, president of hockey operations for Vancouver Canucks and recipient of the Order of British Columbia
- Jess Nowicki, Canadian Railroad Hall of Fame Inductee
- Bud Olson, former Member of Parliament and Senator for Medicine Hat, former Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
- Chris Osgood, former professional hockey player
- Kenneth Sauer, former public schools superintendent, city alderman and member of the Order of Canada and the Alberta Order of Excellence
- Richard E. Taylor, co-recipient of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Arnold Tremere, Executive Director of the Canadian International Grains Institute (government official)
- Tommy Tweed, playwright, actor, broadcaster, recipient of the John Drainie Award, and officer of the Order of Canada
- Amanda (Falk) Cook, singer and worship leader with Bethel Music and winner of eight GMA Covenant Awards
- Jadyn Wong, actress known for her role as Happy in the American TV series Scorpion.
- MacKenzie Porter, TV actress known for Marci in Travelers and Naomi in Hell on Wheels.
- Kalan Porter, singer-songwriter known for winning season 2 of Canadian Idol.
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- 2015 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-2630-1. Retrieved February 27, 2016.
- About Medicine Hat: Quality of Life City of Medicine Hat. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Brennan, Brian (2003), Boondoggles, bonanzas, and other Alberta stories, Fifth House, p. 43, ISBN 1-894004-94-9,
This part of the country seems to have all hell for a basement, and the only trap door appears to be in Medicine Hat. And don’t you ever think of changing the name of your town. It’s all your own and the only hat of its kind on earth.
- Chelsea Schofield (2010-09-24). ""Rudyard Kipling Sings Another Prairie Tune"". curatormagazine.com. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
- "City of Medicine Hat : What's in a Name". medicine-hat.ab.ca.
- I-XL Industries Acquired by Friends of Medalta in Hope of Preserving Medicine Hat's Industrial Heritage
- "Medicine Hat A, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Medicine Hat Flood Potential 2013: Current News & Events". City of Medicine Hat. June 21, 2013. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
- Stephenson, Amanda (June 23, 2013). "Floodwaters expected to cleave Medicine Hat". Calgary Herald. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- "Medicine Hat floodwaters starting to recede". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- "Medicine Hat fears rising river after Calgary floods". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 23, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- "Bylaw No. 3617: Hamptons Area Structure Plan". City of Medicine Hat. May 31, 2005. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- "Medicine Hat Market Report" (PDF). Canadian Homebuilders' Association. October 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2012.[dead link]
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