|Outline of South Asian history|
Medieval India refers to the period of the Indian subcontinent's history from the 6th century to the 16th century. It is divided into two periods: The 'early medieval period' which lasted from the 6th to the 13th century and the 'late medieval period' which lasted from the 13th to the 16th century, ending with the start of the Mughal Empire in 1526. The Mughal era, from the 16th century to the 18th century, is often referred to as the early modern period, but is sometimes also included in the 'late medieval' period.
Early medieval period
- Rashtrakuta dynasty was a Kannada royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian Subcontinent between the 6th and the 10th centuries and one who built world heritage center Ellora, which is in Maharashtra.
- Eastern Chalukyas, were a South Indian Telugu dynasty whose kingdom was located in the present day Andhra Pradesh
- Seuna (Yadava) dynasty was a Kannada-Maratha dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Tungabhadra to the Narmada rivers, including present-day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh, from its capital at Devagiri.
- Chola Empire, a South Indian empire which ruled from Tamil Nadu and extended till south east Asian Nations in its height. from 9th century to 13th century.
- Dabhi, a Rajput state which ruled from Mahuba Rajasthan that ruled present day Rajasthan, Madhya Pradeh, Gujarat from early medieval to 13th century.
- Western Chalukya Empire The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South IndiaKannadiga, between the 10th and 12th centuries and their contribution to world heritage center Badami is very significant.
- Kalachuri dynasty The Kalachuri dynasty ruled areas in Central India during 10th-12th centuries.
- Western Ganga dynasty was an important ruling dynasty of ancient Karnataka in India which lasted from about 350 to 1000 AD. Worlds one of the largest monolithic Bahubali of Shravanabelagola was built during their ruling.
- Eastern Ganga dynasty was a royal dynasty ruling Odisha region who are descendants of Kannada Western Ganga Dynasty and Tamil Chola empire. They have built famous Konark Sun Temple and Jagannath Temple, Puri.
- Hoysala Empire a prominent South Indian Kannadiga empire that ruled most of the modern day state of Karnataka between the 10th and the 14th centuries. The capital of the Hoysalas was initially located at Belur but was later moved to Halebidu.
- Kakatiya Kingdom a Telugu dynasty that ruled most of current day Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 CE to 1323 CE
- The Sena dynasty was a Hindu dynasty that ruled from Bengal through the 11th and 12th centuries. The empire at its peak covered much of the north-eastern region of the Indian subcontinent. The rulers of the Sena Dynasty traced their origin to the south Indian region of Karnataka.
- Rajput states-confederation of Hindu states that ruled present day Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh and Central Uttar Pradesh. from early medieval to modern times.
- Trigarta Kingdom a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.
Late medieval era
- Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived dynasties, based in Delhi, from 1206 to 1526, when it fell to the Mughal Empire.
- Bengal Sultanate is a term used to describe a state which ruled over parts of Eastern South Asia and Southeast Asia
- Ahom Kingdom was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra valley in Assam, India
- Reddy Kingdom was established in southern India by Prolaya Vema Reddy.
- Vijayanagara Empire was Hindu-Telugu empire based in South India, in the Deccan Plateau region. World heritage center Hampi was their capital city.
- Nayak dynasty group of Kannada, Telugu, Tamil kings ruled south India. Their contribution can be seen in Ikkeri, Sri ranga, Madurai, Chitradurga.
- Gajapati Kingdom was a medieval Hindu dynasty that ruled over Kalinga (the present day Orissa)
- Deccan Sultanates were five Muslim-ruled late medieval kingdoms
Early modern era
The start of the Mughal Empire in 1526 marked the beginning of the early modern period of Indian history, often referred to as the Mughal era. Sometimes, the Mughal era is also referred to as the 'late medieval' period.
- Mughal Empire was an imperial state founded by Babar, who had Turco-Mongol origin from Central Asia. The empire ruled most of the Indian subcontinent from 16th to 18th century, though it lingered for another century, formally ending in 1857.
- Maratha Empire was an imperial power based in modern-day Maharashtra in western India. Marathas replaced the Mughal rule over large parts of India in the 18th century, they were later usurped by the British Colonialists, who took over India by defeating several Maratha kingdoms in the Anglo-Maratha Wars in early 19th century.
- Kingdom of Mysore was a Kannada kingdom have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore. Their state festival Dasara was world-famous.
- Sikh Empire was a major power in the Northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent, which arose under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the Punjab region. They were usurped by the British East India Company between early and mid 19th century, following the British victory in the Anglo-Sikh wars.