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A medina quarter (Arabic: المدينة القديمة al-madīnah al-qadīmah "the old city") is a distinct historical city section found in a number of North African cities, and in Malta. A medina is typically walled, with many narrow and maze-like streets. The word "medina" (Arabic: مدينة madīnah) itself simply means "city" or "town" in modern-day Arabic. It is cognate with the Aramaic-Hebrew word (also "medina") referring to a city or populated area.
Because of the very narrow streets, medinas are generally free from car traffic, and in some cases even motorcycle and bicycle traffic. The streets can be less than a metre wide. This makes them unique among highly populated urban centres. The Medina of Fes, or Fes el Bali, is considered one of the largest car-free urban areas in the world.
- Fes el Bali, the first medina of Fes
- Fes Jdid, the second medina of Fes
- Medina of Sfax
- Medina of Sousse
- Medina of Tunis, includes the famous Al-Zaytuna Mosque