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A medina quarter (Arabic: المدينة القديمة al-madīnah al-qadīmah "the old city") is a distinct city section found in many North African cities. The medina is typically walled, with many narrow and maze-like streets. The word "medina" (Arabic: مدينة madīnah) itself simply means "city" or "town" in modern-day Arabic.
Because of the very narrow streets, medinas are generally free from car traffic, and in some cases even motorcycle and bicycle traffic. The streets can be less than a metre wide. This makes them unique among highly populated urban centres. The Medina of Fes, or Fes el Bali, is considered one of the largest car-free urban areas in the world. Some medinas were also used to confuse and slow down invaders because of how narrow and winding they are.
- Algiers, Algeria, the Casbah (Kasbah, Qasbah) of Algiers is a medina named after its fortress.
- Benghazi, Libya, is an Ottoman and Italian quarter in the downtown but does not include a historic wall.
- Casablanca, Morocco
- Chefchaouen, Morocco
- Derna, Libya
- Essaouira, Morocco
- Fes, Morocco, has two ancient medinas, reflecting the fact that today's city contains two medieval cities that were built close together but were separate
- Ghadames, Libya
- Gharyan, Libya
- Hammamet, Tunisia
- Hun, Libya
- Kairouan, Tunisia
- Marrakesh, Morocco, has a very extensive and ancient medina
- Mdina, Malta, has medina-like features from its past Arab rulers
- Meknes, Morocco
- Monastir, Tunisia
- Rabat, Morocco
- Sfax, Tunisia
- Sousse, Tunisia
- Tangier, Morocco
- Taza, Morocco
- Tétouan, Morocco
- Murzuk, Libya
- Tripoli, Libya, the largest medina in the world
- Tunis, Tunisia, includes the famous Zaytuna Mosque
- Waddan, Libya
- Tazirbu, Libya