Medius of Larissa

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Medius (in Greek Mηδιoς; lived 4th century BC), son of Oxythemis, was a native of Larissa in Thessaly and a friend of Alexander the Great. He is mentioned as commanding a trireme during the descent of the Indus river,[1] but with this exception his name does not occur in the military operations of the king. He appears, however, to have enjoyed a high place in the personal favor of the monarch, and it was at his house that Alexander supped just before his last illness. Hence, according to After the death of Alexander, Medius followed the fortunes of Antigonus Monophthalmus, whose fleet we find him commanding in 314 BC, when he defeated and took thirty-six ships of the Pydnaeans, who,had espoused the party of Cassander.[2] The following year (313 BC) he took Miletus, and afterwards relieved the city of Oreus in Euboea, which was besieged by Cassander himself.[3] Again in 312 BC, he was despatched by Antigonus with a fleet of 150 ships, to make a descent in Greece, and landed a large army in Boeotia under Ptolemy; after which he returned to Asia to co-operate with Antigonus himself, at the Hellespont.[4] In 306 BC we find him present in the great sea-fight off Salamis in Cyprus, on which occasion he commanded the left wing of the fleet of Demetrius Poliorcetes.[5] It appears also that he accompanied Antigonus on his unsuccessful expedition against Ptolemaic Egypt in the same year,[6] but after this we hear no more of him. His authority is cited by Strabo[7] in a manner that would lead us to conclude he had left some historical work (edition: Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, no. 129), but we find no further mention of him as a writer.



  1. ^ Arrian, Indica, 18
  2. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca, xix. 69
  3. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca, xix. 75
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca, xix. 77
  5. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca, xx. 50
  6. ^ Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Demetrius", 19
  7. ^ Strabo, Geography, xi. 14

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.