Majaz al Bab

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Medjezz El Bab
Membrossa
Bridge over the Medjerda River
Bridge over the Medjerda River
Medjezz El Bab is located in Tunisia
Medjezz El Bab
Medjezz El Bab
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 36°38′37″N 9°36′15″E / 36.64361°N 9.60417°E / 36.64361; 9.60417Coordinates: 36°38′37″N 9°36′15″E / 36.64361°N 9.60417°E / 36.64361; 9.60417
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Béja Governorate
Population (2014)
 • City 22,532
 • Metro 41,749
Time zone CET (UTC1)

Majaz al Bab (Arabic: مجاز الباب‎), also known as Medjez el Bab, or as Membressa under the Roman Empire, is a town in northern Tunisia. It is located at the intersection of roads GP5 and GP6, in the Plaine de la Medjerda.

Commonwealth war grave site[edit]

There is a Commonwealth War Grave site at Majaz al Bab, largely dedicated to those who fell during the North African campaign, including Operation Torch and the Tunisia Campaign, during World War II.

The Medjez-El-Bab Memorial commemorates almost 2,000 men of the British First Army who died during the operations in Algeria and Tunisia between 8 November 1942 and 19 February 1943, and those of the British First and British Eighth Armies who died in operations in the same areas between 20 February and 13 May 1943, and who have no known graves. The memorial stands within Medjez-El-Bab War Cemetery where 2,903 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War are buried or commemorated. 385 of the burials are unidentified. Special memorials commemorate three soldiers buried in Tunis (Borgel) Cemetery and one in Youks-les-Bains Cemetery, whose graves are now lost. The five First World War burials in Medjez-el-Bab War Cemetery were brought in from Tunis (Belvedere) Cemetery or Carthage (Basilica Karita) Cemetery in 1950.

Haouanet[edit]

File:Chaouach at Majaz al bab

The haouanet at Majaz al Bab are extensive.[1][2] Haouanet (plural of the word hanout (حانوت), which means "shop" in Arabic) are ancient sepulchral chambers hollowed out of the rock. Of approximately cubic form, and 1.25 to 2.50 meters long, with an entrance of almost constant dimension of 1.80 meters by 60 centimeters, they are found mainly in Tunisia[3] and the eastern regions of Algeria. These burials, with one or more funeral chambers, sometimes had interior fittings (bench or pit). Presumably of Numidian origin, the haouanet were used until the Roman Empire.

Ancient bishopric[edit]

During the Roman Empire Majaz al Bab was a civitas of the Roman province of Africa Proconsolare called Membressa.[4] Membressa was also the seat of a Christian Bishopric;[5] a Bishop Victor attended the Concilium Lateranense in 649.

There was also a Roman settlement at Chaouach outside of Medjez-El-Bab called Suas. During the Roman Empire this part of the Merjdera river valley had a high density of bishoprics,[6] with four other bishops resident within 10 kilometers of the Majaz al Bab.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deyrolle, Étienne (1905). "Menhirs et Cupules en rapport avec les Haouanet tunisiens" [Menhirs Cups and related Tunisian Haouanet]. Bulletin of the Prehistoric Society of France (in French). 2 (1): 27–31. 
  2. ^ Dr Berthelon (1891). "Exploration anthropologique de Khoumirie". Bulletin de géographie historique et descriptive (in French). Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  3. ^ Deyrolle, Étienne (1904). "Les Haouanet de Tunisie" [The Haouanets of Tunisia]. Bulletins and Memoirs of the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris (in French). 5 (5): 395–404. 
  4. ^ "Membressa (Medjez el-Bab)". Trismegistos Geo. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  5. ^ "Titular Episcopal See of Membressa, Tunisia". GCatholic.org. Retrieved 27 January 2018. 
  6. ^ Decret, François (2014). Early Christianity in North Africa. James Clarke & Co. p. 85. ISBN 9780227173565.