Medora, North Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Medora, North Dakota
Business District of Medora (2008)
Business District of Medora (2008)
Motto(s): 
"North Dakota's #1 Destination"[1]
Location within Billings County and North Dakota
Location within Billings County and North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota is located in the United States
Medora, North Dakota
Medora, North Dakota
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500Coordinates: 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500
Country United States of America
State North Dakota
CountyBillings
Government
 • MayorTodd Corneil
Area
 • Total0.41 sq mi (1.07 km2)
 • Land0.39 sq mi (1.02 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
2,267 ft (691 m)
Population
 • Total112
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
129
 • Density328.24/sq mi (126.71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
58645
Area code(s)701
FIPS code38-51900
GNIS feature ID1035000[5]
Websitemedorand.com

Medora is a city in Billings County, North Dakota, United States. The only incorporated place in Billings County, it is also the county seat.[6] Much of the surrounding area is part of either Little Missouri National Grassland or Theodore Roosevelt National Park. The population was 112 at the 2010 census.[7] It is part of the Dickinson Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Antoine Morès-A 02.jpg

Medora was founded in 1883 along the transcontinental rail line of the Northern Pacific Railway by French nobleman Marquis de Mores, who named the city after his wife Medora von Hoffman.[8] Marquis de Mores wanted to ship refrigerated meat to Chicago via the railroad. He built a meat packing plant for this purpose and a house named the Chateau de Mores, which is now a museum.[9]

In the evening of April 7, 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt, who had visited and invested in ranches in the area in the 1880s,[10] visited Medora on a presidential tour of the Western United States. Most of the Badlands' residents turned out to greet him on his whistle stop.[11] Roosevelt later recalled that "the entire population of the Badlands down to the smallest baby had gathered to meet me… They all felt I was their man, their old friend; and even if they had been hostile to me in the old days when we were divided by the sinister bickering and jealousies and hatreds of all frontier communities, they now firmly believed they had always been my staunch friends and admirers. I shook hands with them all and…I only regretted that I could not spend three hours with them."[12] A local hotel changed its name that same year to the Rough Riders Hotel. In 1986 the hotel was purchased and operated by the Theodore Roosevelt Medora Foundation.[13]

Also home to the popular Medora Musical, the city of Medora has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in the state.

Geography[edit]

Medora is located at 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500 (46.914258, -103.524942).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.37 square miles (0.96 km2), of which 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[15]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Medora has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk).

Climate data for Medora, North Dakota (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(19)
70
(21)
82
(28)
95
(35)
101
(38)
107
(42)
110
(43)
110
(43)
106
(41)
95
(35)
83
(28)
66
(19)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 27.6
(−2.4)
31.9
(−0.1)
43.7
(6.5)
55.5
(13.1)
66.7
(19.3)
76.7
(24.8)
85.6
(29.8)
85.2
(29.6)
74.4
(23.6)
57.5
(14.2)
42.4
(5.8)
30.9
(−0.6)
56.5
(13.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 15.5
(−9.2)
19.8
(−6.8)
31.1
(−0.5)
42.5
(5.8)
53.6
(12.0)
63.4
(17.4)
70.8
(21.6)
69.2
(20.7)
58.6
(14.8)
43.8
(6.6)
30.2
(−1.0)
19.1
(−7.2)
43.1
(6.2)
Average low °F (°C) 3.4
(−15.9)
7.7
(−13.5)
18.4
(−7.6)
29.5
(−1.4)
40.5
(4.7)
50.1
(10.1)
55.9
(13.3)
53.2
(11.8)
42.8
(6.0)
30.1
(−1.1)
18.1
(−7.7)
7.3
(−13.7)
29.8
(−1.2)
Record low °F (°C) −49
(−45)
−47
(−44)
−34
(−37)
−13
(−25)
8
(−13)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
13
(−11)
−13
(−25)
−31
(−35)
−44
(−42)
−49
(−45)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.32
(8.1)
0.44
(11)
0.63
(16)
1.59
(40)
2.60
(66)
2.92
(74)
2.10
(53)
1.41
(36)
1.42
(36)
1.18
(30)
0.62
(16)
0.56
(14)
15.79
(401)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 4.4
(11)
7.2
(18)
3.8
(9.7)
3.4
(8.6)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.8
(4.6)
3.0
(7.6)
6.0
(15)
30.1
(76)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.9 5.3 5.8 7.0 10.1 11.2 9.4 6.5 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.7 85.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.6 4.8 2.8 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.6 4.9 22.2
Source: NOAA[16][17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960133
1970129−3.0%
198094−27.1%
19901017.4%
2000100−1.0%
201011212.0%
2019 (est.)129[4]15.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2018 Estimate[19]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 112 people, 56 households, and 27 families living in the city. The population density was 311.1 inhabitants per square mile (120.1/km2). There were 102 housing units at an average density of 283.3 per square mile (109.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.8% White, 1.8% Native American, 3.6% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races.[3] Of the 56 households 10.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 1.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.8% were non-families. 46.4% of households were one person and 16.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 1.84 and the average family size was 2.63.

The median age was 45.3 years. 11.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census, there were 100 people, 51 households, and 23 families living in the city. The population density was 271.7 people per square mile (104.4/km2). There were 117 housing units at an average density of 317.9 per square mile (122.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

Of the 51 households 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.9% were non-families. 51.0% of households were one person and 11.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 3.00.

The age distribution was 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% 65 or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median household income was $31,563 and the median family income was $61,250. Males had a median income of $26,042 versus $21,094 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,399. There were no families and 4.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 15.0% of those over 64.

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Medora, North Dakota". Medora, North Dakota. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011.[dead link]
  8. ^ Wick, Douglas A. "Medora (Billings County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
  9. ^ Chateau de Mores - State of North Dakota
  10. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt in North Dakota". Theodore Roosevelt Center. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
  11. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt National Park--Presidents: A Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary".
  12. ^ "Roosevelts Return to NDak".
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2014-09-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  16. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  17. ^ "Station: Medora, ND". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  19. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  • Antonio Areddu, Vita e morte del marchese di Mores Antoine Manca (1858-1896), Cagliari, Condaghes, 2018
  • Antonio Areddu. Il marchesato di Mores. Le origini, il duca dell´Asinara, le lotte antifeudali, l´abolizione del feudo e le vicende del marquis de Morès, Cagliari, Condaghes, 2011.

External links[edit]