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Temporal range: Middle Campanian, 77.5 Ma
Medusaceratops lokii.jpg
Skeleton at Wyoming Dinosaur Museum formerly referred to Albertaceratops
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Family: Ceratopsidae
Subfamily: Chasmosaurinae
Genus: Medusaceratops
Ryan, Russell & Hartman, 2010
Species: † M. lokii
Binomial name
Medusaceratops lokii
Ryan, Russell & Hartman, 2010

Medusaceratops (meaning "Medusa horn face") is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsian dinosaur. It is a chasmosaurine ceratopsian which lived during the Late Cretaceous period (middle Campanian stage) in what is now Montana.


Artist's restoration of Medusaceratops
Side view of skeleton

It is known from two partial parietals, the holotype WDC DJR 001 and the paratype WDC DJR 002. All specimens of Medusaceratops were collected from the Judith River Formation, dating to 77.5 million years ago. It is the oldest known chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

The name "Medusaceratops" was coined by Canadian paleontologist Michael J. Ryan of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History in 2003 in a dissertation. These fossils were confused with those of Albertaceratops, an unrelated centrosaurine ceratopsian from Alberta which had been described in 2007. Later, Ryan realized that at least some of the "Medusaceratops" fossils did not belong to Albertaceratops. Medusaceratops was formally described by Michael J. Ryan, Anthony P. Russell and Scott Hartman in 2010 and the type species is Medusaceratops lokii.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ryan, Michael J.; Russell, Anthony P., and Hartman, Scott. (2010). "A New Chasmosaurine Ceratopsid from the Judith River Formation, Montana", In: Michael J. Ryan, Brenda J. Chinnery-Allgeier, and David A. Eberth (eds), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium, Indiana University Press, 656 pp. ISBN 0-253-35358-0.