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Centrolophus niger.jpg
Rudderfish (Centrolophus niger)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Clade: Percomorpha
Order: Scombriformes
Suborder: Stromateoidei
Family: Centrolophidae
Bonaparte, 1846[1]

see text

Medusafishes are a family, Centrolophidae, of percomorph fishes. The family includes about 31 species. They are found in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world.

Young Icichthys lockingtoni specimens are abundant in the coastal waters of the north Pacific, where they are often found in association with jellyfish, which provide them with protection from predators and opportunities to scavenge the remains of the jellyfishes' meals.


The following genera are classified within the family Centrolophidae:[2]

Timeline of genera[edit]



Cornish blackfish, Schedophilus medusophagus


  1. ^ Richard van der Laan; William N. Eschmeyer & Ronald Fricke (2014). "Family-group names of Recent fishes". Zootaxa. 3882 (2): 001–230.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2019). "Centrolophidae" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  3. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-19.