Medveđa

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For other places with the same name, see Medveđa (disambiguation).
Medveđa
Медвеђа
Municipality and Town
Coat of arms of Medveđa
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Medveđa within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Medveđa within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°50′N 21°35′E / 42.833°N 21.583°E / 42.833; 21.583Coordinates: 42°50′N 21°35′E / 42.833°N 21.583°E / 42.833; 21.583
Country  Serbia
District Jablanica
Settlements 44
Government
 • Mayor Dragiša Petrović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 524 km2 (202 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 3,236
 • Municipality 7,438
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 16240
Area code +381 16
Car plates LE
Website www.medvedja.org.rs
Medveđa
Municipality
of Medveđa

Flag of Serbia.svg

Medveđa (Serbian Cyrillic: Медвеђа, pronounced [ˈmɛdvɛdʑa], Albanian: Medvegja) is a town and municipality in Jablanica District of Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the municipality of Medveđa has a population of 7,438 people, while the town has a population of 3,236.

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from the Serbian word medved (медвед), "bear", hence meaning "the place of the bears".

History[edit]

During the Roman period, there was a town (mansia) with the name Idimum located in the cadastral area of the modern town. Architectural debris dating to the 4th century AD lay at various locations of the town, as it was a transitory zone of Upper Moesia; travel and postal stations are among the finds.[3]

Yugoslav Partisans killed approximately 200 people in Medveđa after taking the town in 1944.[citation needed]

The Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac, an Albanian insurgent group, was active in the region following the Kosovo War, with the goal to secede these three municipalities from Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo. The insurgency was crushed in 2001. 44 of 294 attacks were recorded in Medveđa between June 21, 1999 and November 12, 2000. Thereafter, the situation has stabilized.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic map of the Medveđa municipality (as of 2002).

The municipality of Medveđa had a great depopulation in the past 50 years, having nearly 25,000 inhabitants in 1961 and only 7,438 according to the last census done in 2011. The majority of municipality's population are Serbs, numbering more than 85%. Other ethnic groups include Albanians, Montenegrins and Roma people. Also, 43.5% of inhabitants live in urban areas. The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1961[4]
Population
1971[5]
Population
1981[6]
Population
1991[7]
Population
2002[8]
Population
2011[9]
Serbs 18,956 13,002 9,654 8,194 7,163 6,429
Albanians 5,037 5,410 5,509 3,832 2,816 527
Montenegrins 110 2,127 1,700 1,011 372 143
Romani 36 52 83 119 108 145
Macedonians 6 14 17 - 11 13
Muslims 61 19 56 16 4 4
Bulgarians - - - - 5 4
Yugoslavs 1 68 145 67 2 -
Others 37 100 55 129 279 173
Total 24,244 20,792 17,219 13,368 10,760 7,438

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Medveđa, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Economic trends[edit]

The municipality of Medveđa is one of the least developed municipalities in Serbia. It has many natural advantages for tourism development, because it is near the spa resort with dozens of mineral springs in Sijarinska Spa, and Tulare.

On its territory there are mineral resources for mining, semi-precious stones and marble-onyx. The most promising branch of industry is mining, having mine and flotation "Lece", within the Group Farmakom. It has also solid prospects for development in agriculture and industries such as livestock (sheep, goats, cows) and fruit (plums, pears, apples, quince), also the timber industry and processing.

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ http://www.narodnimuzej.rs/code/navigate.php?Id=147.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1961)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1971)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije (1981)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI (1991)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava i stanova u 2002" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Kocić, Danilo (26 June 2012). "Konačni rezultati izbora u Medveđi". juznevesti.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 2 June 2015. 

External links[edit]