|Municipality and Town|
Location of the municipality of Medveđa within Serbia
|• Mayor||Dragiša Petrović|
|• Municipality||524 km2 (202 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 16|
Medveđa (Serbian Cyrillic: Медвеђа, pronounced [ˈmɛdvɛdʑa], Albanian: Medvegja) is a town and municipality in Jablanica District of Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the municipality of Medveđa has a population of 7,438 people, while the town has a population of 3,236.
The name is derived from the Serbian word medved (медвед), "bear", hence meaning "the place of the bears".
During the Roman period, there was a town (mansia) with the name Idimum located in the cadastral area of the modern town. Architectural debris dating to the 4th century AD lay at various locations of the town, as it was a transitory zone of Upper Moesia; travel and postal stations are among the finds.
The Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac, an Albanian insurgent group, was active in the region following the Kosovo War, with the goal to secede these three municipalities from Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo. The insurgency was crushed in 2001. 44 of 294 attacks were recorded in Medveđa between June 21, 1999 and November 12, 2000. Thereafter, the situation has stabilized.
The municipality of Medveđa had a great depopulation in the past 50 years, having nearly 25,000 inhabitants in 1961 and only 7,438 according to the last census done in 2011. The majority of municipality's population are Serbs, numbering more than 85%. Other ethnic groups include Albanians, Montenegrins and Roma people. Also, 43.5% of inhabitants live in urban areas. The ethnic composition of the municipality:
Aside from the town of Medveđa, the municipality includes the following settlements:
- Velika Braina
- Gornja Lapaštica
- Gornji Bučumet
- Gornji Gajtan
- Donji Bučumet
- Donji Gajtan
- Mala Braina
- Maćedonce (Retkocersko)
- Pusto Šilovo
- Rama Banja
- Sijarinska Banja
- Srednji Bučumet
- Crni Vrh
The municipality of Medveđa is one of the least developed municipalities in Serbia. It has many natural advantages for tourism development, because it is near the spa resort with dozens of mineral springs in Sijarinska Spa, and Tulare.
On its territory there are mineral resources for mining, semi-precious stones and marble-onyx. The most promising branch of industry is mining, having mine and flotation "Lece", within the Group Farmakom. It has also solid prospects for development in agriculture and industries such as livestock (sheep, goats, cows) and fruit (plums, pears, apples, quince), also the timber industry and processing.
Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:
- Group of Citizens "For North Jablanica" (16)
- Party for Democratic Action (6)
- Democratic Party (6)
- United Regions of Serbia (4)
- Serbian Progressive Party (3)
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- http://www.narodnimuzej.rs/code/navigate.php?Id=147. Missing or empty
- "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1961)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Knjiga III: Nacionalni sastav stanovništva FNR Jugoslavije (1971)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije (1981)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "STANOVNIŠTVO PREMA NACIONALNOJ PRIPADNOSTI (1991)" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Popis stanovnistva, domacinstava i stanova u 2002" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Kocić, Danilo (26 June 2012). "Konačni rezultati izbora u Medveđi". juznevesti.com (in Serbian). Retrieved 2 June 2015.
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