Map of the Medvezhiy Islands.
|Federal subject||Far Eastern Federal District|
The Medvezhyi Islands, or Bear Islands (Russian: Медве́жьи острова́; Yakut: Эhэлээх арыылар, Eheleex Arıılar) is an uninhabited group of islands at the western end of the Kolyma Gulf of the East Siberian Sea.
The Medvezhyi Islands are located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the north of the mouths of the Kolyma River. The coast of Siberia is about 35 kilometres (22 mi) to the southwest of the largest island, which is about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) km long. The islands of this island group are covered with tundra vegetation.
The sea surrounding the Medvezhyi Islands is covered with fast ice in the winter and the climate is severe. The surrounding sea is obstructed by pack ice even in the summer months. There is commercial fishing in the area of the islands during the summer.
|Climate data for Medvezhyi Islands|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−28.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||9.0
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||3.0||1.7||1.3||1.1||1.0||2.5||4.0||5.5||5.3||5.1||3.3||1.8||35.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||0||48||205||292||233||245||230||126||57||39||5||0||1,480|
The first recorded European to report the existence of the Medvezhyi Islands was Russian explorer Yakov Permyakov in 1710. While sailing from the Lena to the Kolyma River, Permyakov observed the silhouette of the unknown island group in the then little explored East Siberian Sea.
In 1820-1824, during Ferdinand Wrangel's Arctic expedition to the East Siberian Sea and the Chukchi Sea, Arctic explorer Fyodor Matyushkin surveyed and mapped Chetyryokhstolbovoy Island in the Medvezhyi group.
On September 3, 1878, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld recorded that he sailed close to the island group in the steamship Vega. This report was made during the famous expedition that made the whole length of the Northeast passage for the first time in history.
- Geography Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Commercial fishing
- "Cetyrehstolbovoj IL Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Albert Hastings Markham. Arctic Exploration, 1895
- The Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition 1910-1915 Archived October 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.