Mie goreng are traditionally made with yellow wheat noodles, stir fried with chopped shallots, onion and garlic with soy sauce seasoning, egg, vegetables, chicken, meat or seafood. However, other versions might uses dried instant noodle instead of fresh yellow wheat noodle. The powdered instant noodle seasonings are usually included in the dish, added with egg and vegetables, they are common in Indonesia and Malaysia.
The almost identical recipe is often used to create another dish. For example bihun goreng is made by replacing yellow wheat noodle with bihun or rice vermicelli, while kwetiau goreng uses shahe fen or thick flat rice noodles instead.
Mie goreng seafood uses seafood which includes mixture of fish, squid and shrimp.
Mie Goreng Aceh a mie goreng variant from Aceh province, which uses thicker noodle similar to that of spaghetti, and employ curry-like rich spicy paste.
Mie goreng Jawa from Central Java, employ sweet soy sauce, egg, chicken and vegetables. In restaurant, warung or travelling food vendor, it usually sold and offered together with mie rebus (lit. "boiled noodle") or mie Jawa.
Mie goreng tek-tek refer to mie goreng sold by travelling street hawkers that hitting the wok making "tek-tek" sounds to announce their wares. The seller with his food cart frequenting the residence areas, usually also offers nasi goreng and mie rebus. It is common in Jakarta and some large cities in Java.
Mie goreng dhog-dhog also known as Mie goreng Surabaya from Surabaya city. Refer to travelling food cart vendor selling mie goreng Surabaya that uses large wooden slit drum instead to announce his presence in the neighbourhood, thus creates "dhog-dhog" sounds.
Indomie Mi goreng the instant version of mie goreng, Indomie Mi goreng is also popular in Indonesia and other countries, notably Netherlands, Nigeria, Australia, and New Zealand. This instant version however, is not technically goreng (stir-fried), but boiled instead and seasoned after discarding the water used for boiling. Nevertheless, it tried to closely resemble the authentic mie goreng by adding sweet soy sauce and crispy fried shallot. It is commonly found in warung Indomie stalls that sell instant noodles, grilled sandwiches and hot drinks in Indonesian urban areas.
Indonesians tends to named similar foreign dishes as mie goreng, for example in Indonesia, chow mein is often called mie goreng Tionghoa and yakisoba is called mie goreng Jepang.
In Malaysia, mie goreng is associated with Malaysian Indian cuisine and is famous for being prepared and sold at Mamak stalls around the country. The dish has spawned unique variations found in Malaysia and neighbouring Singapore.
Mee goreng mamak. A common variation of mie goreng is mee goreng mamak which is sold at Mamak stalls run by Indian Muslims in Malaysia. This variation is distinguished from others through the use of spices, tomato sauce, potatoes, sweet soy sauce and curry spice. Chilli is another common ingredient used in this dish.