Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt (Beethoven)
Meeresstille und Glückliche Fahrt, Op. 112 ("Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage") is a cantata for chorus and orchestra composed by Ludwig van Beethoven, based on verses by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and dedicated to him. The work was first performed in Vienna in 1815 and first published in 1822. The piece is in a single movement, with a typical performance taking between 7 and 8 minutes. The single movement is in two sections: (1) Meeresstille. Sostenuto. D major; and (2) Glückliche Fahrt. Allegro vivace. D major.
The cantata evokes the imagery of the pair of poems which later inspired the concert overture of the same name by Mendelssohn. The poems' titles are not synonymous: in the days before steam, a totally calm sea was cause for alarm; it is only when the wind at last rises that the ship can continue on its journey. The first section depicts a ship becalmed, the second its success in resuming its voyage.
Tiefe Stille herrscht im Wasser,
Deep stillness rules the water
|Glückliche Fahrt||Prosperous Journey|
Die Nebel zerreißen,
The fog is torn,
The cantata is scored for the following orchestra.
- Woodwinds: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons
- Brass: 4 horns in D, 2 trumpets in D
- Percussion: timpani
- Strings: violins I & II, violas, cellos, double basses
- SATB choir
Selective list of recordings
- Michael Tilson Thomas, London Symphony Orchestra and Ambrosian Singers: Beethoven: Late Choral Music, CBS Records, 1975
- Claudio Abbado, Vienna Philharmonic and Vienna State Opera: Beethoven: Symphonie No. 6 'Pastorale', Deutsche Grammophon, 1987
- Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus: Beethoven: Mass in C, Elegiac Song & Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage, Telarc, 1990
- John Eliot Gardiner, English Baroque Soloists: Messe in C, Archiv, 1992
- Matthew Best, Croydon Singers and Croydon Orchestra, Early Cantatas, Hyperion, 1997
- Richard Hickox, Collegium Music 90: Mass in C, Chandos, 2003
- Riccardo Muti, Beethoven Lincoln Center, DVD
- Meeresstille und Glückliche Fahrt, Op. 112: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
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