|• Mayor||Martin Brütsch (/)|
|• Total||12.08 km2 (4.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||444 m (1,457 ft)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
It is known for its medieval city. The lower town ("Unterstadt") and upper town ("Oberstadt") are reserved for pedestrians only, and connected by two stairways and a steep street ("Steigstrasse").
The name of the town means "Castle on the Sea", referring to a castle which, according to a tradition from 1548, was built here in 630 by the Merovingian king Dagobert I.
After World War II, Meersburg was in the French military occupation area in Germany.
The town is home to two castles, the Old Castle and the New Castle. The Old Castle, built by Merovingian King Dagobert I in the seventh century, accepts visitors. A self-guided tour is available. German poet Annette von Droste-Hülshoff lived there for eight years. The New Castle was built in the eighteenth century. Originally the residence of the bishop of Constance, it was used for various purposes after the Secularization of 1803. It is now a museum.
There is an entity of Half-timber houses.
Also two medieval town-gates can be seen, which are the remainders of the fortification.
Meersburg is the northern terminus of a car ferry to Constance. At the opposite side Meersburg is connected to the region by the B 31, a large roadway that leads from Breisach (at the French border) to Lindau (at the Austrian border), bypassing largely all parts of Meersburg. To exit to Meersburg and to go to the car ferry, one takes B 33 to Meersburg and Constance.
Meersburg is also reachable by pleasure boats from Lake Constance to Überlingen (westward), to Lindau, Bregenz (eastward) and to Constance opposite.
The famous eighteenth-century doctor Franz Anton Mesmer (from whose name the verb "to mesmerize" derives) died in 1815 in Meersburg and is buried near the old wall of the graveyard about 0.5 kilometres (0.3 miles) northeast of the upper town-gate "Obertor" (see picture beneath).
- Stefan Lochner (c.1410–1451) German painter working in the late "soft style" of the International Gothic.
- Hugo von Hohenlandenberg (c.1457–1532 in Meersburg) Bishop of Konstanz.
- Hieronymus Harder (1523–1607) German botanist and teacher of Latin.
- Baron Joseph Maria Christoph von Lassberg (1770–1855) German antiquary, lived at Meersburg Castle from 1838.
- Friedrich August Walchner (1799–1865) German geologist, chemist and mineralogist.
- Levin Schücking (1814–1883) German novelist, lived at Meersburg Castle 1841/1843.
- Robert Eberle (1815–1862), German animal painter
- Fritz Mauthner (1849–1923 in Meersburg) Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic, satirist, and exponent of philosophical skepticism.
- Markus Baur (born 1971) former German handball player now turned trainer.
The Meersburg vineyards at the northern banks of Lake Constance are famous within Germany. The rosée "Weissherbst" wine is a specialty of the region.
Meersburg is twinned with:
- Hohnstein, Saxony, Germany – since 1991
- Louveciennes, France – since 1991
- San Gimignano, Italy – since 2002
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
- Homepage of the Droste-Museum
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