Meese Report

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The cover of the Meese Report

The final report of the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography (usually referred to as (the) Meese Report, for U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese) is the result of a comprehensive investigation into pornography ordered by U.S. President Ronald Reagan. It was published in July 1986 and contains 1,960 pages.

The following people composed the commission (nicknamed The Meese Commission):

The report is divided into five parts and 35 chapters and details most aspects of the pornography industry, including the history of pornography and the extent of First Amendment protections. The report also documents what the committee found to be the harmful effects of pornography and connections between pornographers and organized crime. The report was criticized by many inside and outside the pornography industry, calling it biased, not credible, and inaccurate.[1][2]

Playboy v. Meese[edit]

Prior to the Report's release, Meese Commission chairman Alan Sears[3] sent letters on Commission letterhead to the heads of 23 convenience store chains and other companies, declaring that the Commission would find that they were distributors of pornography and threatening that they would be listed as such in the final Report.[4] In fact, the list of purported distributors had been identified by Donald Wildmon, the head of the conservative Christian advocacy organization that later became the American Family Association.[4][5] The letters triggered several companies to remove common soft-core pornography magazines as Playboy and Penthouse from store shelves.[6][5] The American Booksellers Association, the Council for Periodical Distributors Associations, the Magazine Publishers of America,[5] and the publishers of Playboy and Penthouse sued[7], arguing that the letters constituted prior restraint and were forbidden under the First Amendment. The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia agreed,[4][6] leading it to admonish the Commission[6] order it to withdraw the letter, and forbid it to issue any list of retailers in the report.[7]

The "Meese Report" was preceded by the report of presidents Lyndon B. Johnson's and Richard Nixon's Commission on Obscenity and Pornography, which was published in 1970 and recommended loosening the legal restrictions on pornography.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilcox, Brian L. "Pornography, Social Science, and Politics: When Research and Ideology Collide." American Psychologist. 42 (October 1987) : 941-943.
  2. ^ Lynn, Barry W. "Civil Rights Ordinances and the Attorney General's Commission: New Developments in Pornography Regulation" Harvard C.R.-C.L. L.R. 1986, vol. 21, 27-125
  3. ^ David Jennings (1 June 2000). Skinflicks: The Inside Story of the X-Rated Video Industry. AuthorHouse. p. 344. ISBN 978-1-58721-184-3. Retrieved 27 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Harvey, Philip D. (2001). The Government Vs. Erotica: The Siege of Adam and Eve. Prometheus Books. p. 269. ISBN 1615925406. 
  5. ^ a b c Finan, Christopher M; Castro, Anne F. "The Rev. Donald E. Wildmon". Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2006-08-26. 
  6. ^ a b c Edwards, David W. "Politics and Pornography". Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  7. ^ a b PENN, JOHN GARRETT (3 July 1986). "Playboy Enterprises, Inc. v. Meese (639 F. Supp. 581 (D.C. 1986)" (PDF). The Media Coalition. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 

External links[edit]