Meet the Press
|Meet the Press|
|Genre||Public affairs/news analysis program|
|Created by||Martha Rountree
Lawrence E. Spivak
|Directed by||Rob Melick|
|Presented by||Chuck Todd
(for past moderators, see section)
|Narrated by||Fred Facey
|Theme music composer||John Williams|
|Opening theme||"The Pulse of Events" (fourth part of The Mission)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||70|
|No. of episodes||17,725+ (as of 2017)|
|Executive producer(s)||John Reiss|
|Location(s)||NBC News Washington Bureau, Washington, D.C.|
|Running time||30 minutes (1947–1992)
52 minutes (1992–present)
|Production company(s)||NBC News Productions|
|Picture format||480i (4:3 SDTV)
720p (4:3 SDTV)
1080i (16:9 HDTV)
|Original release||November 6, 1947– present|
Meet the Press is a weekly American television news/interview program broadcast on NBC. It is the longest-running program in television history, though the current format bears little resemblance to the debut episode on November 6, 1947. Meet the Press specializes in interviews with leaders in Washington, D.C., across the country and even the world on issues of politics, economics, foreign policy and other public affairs, along with panel discussions that provide opinions and analysis. It originates from NBC's bureau in Washington, D.C.
The longevity of Meet the Press can be illustrated in consideration of the fact that the program debuted during what was only the second official "network television season" for American television. One historical landmark of the program is that it was the first on which a sitting U.S. President, Gerald Ford, appeared on a live television network news program, which occurred on the November 9, 1975 broadcast.
The program has been hosted by 12 different moderators to date, beginning with creator Martha Rountree. The show's moderator since 2014 is Chuck Todd, who also serves as political director for NBC News.
Currently, the hour-long program airs in most markets on Sundays at 9:00 a.m. live in the Eastern Time Zone and on tape delay elsewhere. Meet the Press is also occasionally pre-empted due to network coverage of sports events held outside of the U.S. The program is also rebroadcast on Sundays at 2:00 p.m., and Mondays at 2:00 a.m. and sometimes 4:00 a.m. Eastern Time on MSNBC, whose audio feed is also simulcast on Sirius/XM Satellite Radio. The program is also syndicated by Westwood One to various radio stations around the United States, as well as on C-SPAN Radio as part of its replays of the Sunday morning talk shows.
- 1 Format
- 2 History
- 3 Moderators
- 4 Distribution
- 5 See also
- 6 References and footnotes
- 7 External links
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The program's format consists of an extended one-on-one interview with the host, and is sometimes followed by a roundtable discussion or one-on-two interview with figures in adversarial positions, either Congressional members from opposite sides of the aisle or political commentators. Originally a half-hour program for most of its history, the show expanded to 60 minutes starting with the September 20, 1992, broadcast.
The program also features in-depth examinations of facts behind political and general news stories (particularly as part of a segment called the "Data Download", introduced after Chuck Todd assumed duties as moderator, which is conducted on a touchscreen within the main set.
Meet the Press began on radio on the Mutual Broadcasting System in 1945 as American Mercury Presents: Meet the Press, a program to promote The American Mercury, a magazine that Lawrence E. Spivak purchased in 1935. Before the program aired, Spivak asked journalist Martha Rountree, who had worked in radio and had been employed by Spivak as a roving editor for the magazine, to critique the plans for the new radio show. Based on her advice, Rountree created a new radio program that she called The American Mercury, on October 5, 1945.
On November 6, 1947, while still on the Mutual Broadcasting System, the television rights to the program were purchased by General Foods which began to air the show on the NBC television network with the title shortened to simply Meet the Press; the radio version also adopted the new name. Although some sources credit Spivak with the program's creation, Rountree developed the idea on her own, and Spivak joined as co-producer and business partner in the enterprise after the show had already debuted.
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Meet the Press was originally presented as a 30-minute press conference with a single guest and a panel of questioners. Its first guest was James Farley, who served as Postmaster General, Democratic National Committee chairman and campaign manager to Franklin Delano Roosevelt under the first two terms of the New Deal Administration. Creator Rountree served as its first host, the program's only female moderator to date. She stepped down on November 1, 1953, and was succeeded by Ned Brooks, who remained as moderator until his retirement on December 26, 1965. Spivak became the moderator on January 1, 1966, moving up from his role as a permanent panelist. He retired on November 9, 1975, on a special one-hour edition that featured, for the first time, a sitting president, Gerald Ford, as guest. The next week, Bill Monroe, previously a weekly panelist like Spivak had been years before, took over as moderator and stayed until June 2, 1984.
For the next seven and a half years, the program then went through a series of hosts as it struggled in the ratings against ABC's This Week with David Brinkley. Roger Mudd and Marvin Kalb, as co-moderators, followed Monroe for a year, followed by Chris Wallace (who would later to go on to a much longer run as host of the rival program Fox News Sunday) from 1987 to 1988. Garrick Utley, then hosting Weekend Today, concurrently hosted Meet the Press from 1989 through December 1, 1991. All this occurred despite the increasing ratings of NBC News' other programs (and those of the network generally) during that period. The program originally aired at noon Eastern Time every Sunday, before moving to a 9:00 a.m. slot by the early 1990s.
Network officials, concerned for the show's future, turned to Tim Russert, the network's Washington, D.C., bureau chief. He took over as moderator of Meet the Press on December 8, 1991, and remained with the program until his death on June 13, 2008, becoming the longest serving moderator in the program's history.
Under Russert, the program was expanded to one hour and became less of a televised press conference, focusing more on Russert's questions and comments; Russert also engaged in longer in-depth interviews and hosted panels of experts to discuss the topics featured in that week's broadcast. Russert signed off each edition by saying, "That's all for today. We'll be back next week. If it's Sunday, it's Meet the Press."
During the professional football season, Russert, a native of Buffalo, New York, and an avid fan of the Buffalo Bills, sometimes added, "Go Bills!," and occasionally would ask panelists, "How 'bout those Sabres?" if Buffalo's NHL hockey team was doing well. Spoofs of the show featured in a recurring sketch on Saturday Night Live often reflected his impromptu additions in support of the two professional sports franchises. By 2006, Meet the Press was the highest-rated program among the Sunday morning talk shows.
Russert died on June 13, 2008, of a sudden coronary thrombosis (caused by a cholesterol plaque rupture). Former NBC Nightly News anchor Tom Brokaw hosted a special edition of Meet the Press dedicated to the life of Russert on June 15, 2008, in which Russert's chair was left empty as a tribute.
Mark Whitaker was named by NBC News as the division's Washington D.C. Bureau Chief and was given "executive oversight" of Meet the Press.
Interim Brokaw era
NBC Nightly News anchor Brian Williams acted as moderator of the first show following the June 15 tribute to Russert, with the same guests and subject matter that Russert was planning for when he died.
Following Russert's death, Tom Brokaw was named the interim moderator through the 2008 general elections. Brokaw followed Russert's tradition by signing off with "We'll be back next Sunday because if it's Sunday, it's Meet the Press" (a sign-off that would continue to be used by his successors as moderator). In September of that year, the show was presented with limited commercial interruption.
On August 10, David Gregory moderated the panel discussion during the second half-hour of the broadcast, while Brokaw anchored the first half-hour from the site of the Summer Olympics in Beijing. The following week on August 17, he moderated the entire broadcast. It was also reported on December 1, 2008, that the December 7 broadcast would be Brokaw's last, with Gregory becoming the new permanent host the following Sunday.
David Gregory began his tenure as moderator on December 14, 2008. Four days after Gregory's first regular broadcast, on December 18, NBC News political director Chuck Todd was named contributing editor of Meet the Press. Throughout Gregory's tenure as moderator, Meet the Press experienced significant ratings declines. In the final three months of 2013, the program placed third among the Sunday morning talk shows in total viewership, behind CBS's Face the Nation and ABC's This Week for the first time since 1992; it also experienced the lowest ratings in the show's entire history among the key 25-to-54 age viewing demographic during this period. NBC management became uncertain as to the future direction of the program.
A new set was introduced on May 2, 2010, featuring video screens and library-style bookshelves; David Gregory would preview the guests to be featured during each week's broadcast using a large video screen. Different, modified intro music was also introduced, with the Meet the Press theme music in a shorter "modernized [style]... the beginning repeated with drum beats" (see "High-definition broadcasting" below for additional information).
Transition to Todd
In response to declining viewership, rumors surfaced in August 2014 that Gregory would be replaced as the program's moderator. NBC News President Deborah Turness apparently had held discussions with Jon Stewart (host of Comedy Central's satirical news program The Daily Show) to replace Gregory, which Stewart later confirmed in a Rolling Stone interview, saying, "My guess is they were casting as wide and as weird a net as they could. I'm sure part of them was thinking, 'Why don't we just make it a variety show?'"
Meet the Press Daily
The set utilized from March 17, 1996, to April 25, 2010, had been designed as an experimental set for high-definition broadcasting; several editions of the program (including the first broadcast of a regular series on a major television network in HD) had aired in the format in the 1990s over experimental HD station WHD-TV in Washington, D.C. Despite this, the program continued to be transmitted in 480i standard definition over the NBC network itself. On May 2, 2010, Meet the Press became the last NBC News program to convert to high definition, and unveiled a new set consisting of large video screens mostly used to display Washington scenery, satellite interview subjects and moderator and subject talking points, along with graphics produced for the format.
The following is the list of moderators for Meet the Press:
|Lawrence E. Spivak||1966–1975|
|Roger Mudd and Marvin Kalb
On-remote broadcasts (outside D.C. studios)
|July 17, 1988||Atlanta, Georgia||1988 Democratic National Convention|
|August 14, 1988||New Orleans, Louisiana||1988 Republican National Convention|
|December 3, 1989||Malta||Malta Summit|
|July 16, 1989||Paris, France||G7|
|September 9, 1990||Helsinki, Finland||Helsinki summit|
|July 12, 1992||New York City, New York||1992 Democratic National Convention|
|August 16, 1992||Houston, Texas||1992 Republican National Convention|
|April 4, 1993||Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada||Clinton–Yeltsin summit|
|January 30, 1994||Atlanta, Georgia||Super Bowl XXVIII at the Georgia Dome|
|September 16, 2001||Camp David||Interview with Dick Cheney in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks|
|January 18, 2004||Des Moines, Iowa||24 hours before the Iowa caucuses|
|January 25, 2004||Bedford, New Hampshire||48 hours before the New Hampshire primary|
|February 1, 2004||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||Interview with Howard Dean|
|February 8, 2004||Oval Office||Interview with George W. Bush|
|July 25, 2004||Boston, Massachusetts||2004 Democratic National Convention|
|August 29, 2004||New York City, New York||2004 Republican National Convention|
|October 31, 2004||New York City, New York||Two days before the U.S. presidential election|
|October 8, 2007||Des Moines, Iowa||Interview with John Edwards|
|November 11, 2007||Des Moines, Iowa||Interview with Barack Obama|
|December 30, 2007||Des Moines, Iowa||Interview with Mike Huckabee, two days before the 2008 Iowa caucuses|
|January 6, 2008||Bedford, New Hampshire||Two days before the New Hampshire primaries|
|January 13, 2008||South Carolina||Interview with Hillary Clinton during her 2008 presidential campaign|
|January 20, 2008||New York City, New York||Roundtable discussion|
|January 27, 2008||Tampa, Florida|
|June 29, 2008||Jackson Hole, Wyoming||Western Governors' Association annual meeting and Simi Valley, California (Reagan Library)|
|July 27, 2008||London, England||Barack Obama's overseas trip|
|August 10, 2008||Beijing, China||2008 Beijing Olympics|
|August 24, 2008||Denver, Colorado||2008 Democratic National Convention|
|August 31, 2008||Saint Paul, Minnesota||2008 Republican National Convention|
|September 7, 2008||Wilmington, Delaware||Senator Joe Biden appears on the show|
|October 26, 2008||Waterloo, Iowa||John McCain's campaign stop|
|December 7, 2008||Chicago, Illinois||Interview with president-elect Barack Obama; while taped in Chicago, Brokaw introduced and ended the show in D.C.|
|June 14, 2009||Wilmington, Delaware||Vice President Joe Biden appears on the show|
|August 29, 2010||New Orleans, Louisiana||Special broadcast five years after Hurricane Katrina, moderated by Brian Williams|
|January 1, 2012||Des Moines, Iowa||Interview with Rick Santorum, two days before the 2012 Iowa caucuses|
|January 8, 2012||Bedford, New Hampshire||Two days before the New Hampshire primaries|
|November 2, 2014||New York City, New York||Two days before midterm elections|
|January 31, 2016||Des Moines, Iowa||24 hours before the Iowa caucuses|
Notable guests and events
The following is a partial list of notable guests and milestones for the show.
- First guest: James A. Farley, the former Postmaster General of the United States and former Democratic National Committee Chair.
- First female guest: Elizabeth Bentley, a courier for a Communist spy ring, on September 12, 1948.
- An interview with Fidel Castro aired April 19, 1959.
- Every U.S. President since John F. Kennedy has appeared on Meet the Press, although not necessarily during his presidency. Jimmy Carter used his appearance on January 20, 1980, to announce the United States' boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. Ronald Reagan appeared seven times before being elected president, but did not appear during his presidency. Bill Clinton was the guest for the 50th anniversary broadcast on November 9, 1997. The February 8, 2004, interview with George W. Bush was conducted in the Oval Office at the White House. The December 7, 2008, interview was with then President-elect Barack Obama. Donald Trump has appeared on the program a number of times, most recently in October 2016.
- The first live communications satellite television interview occurred on Meet the Press on September 19, 1965, with the British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
In addition to its broadcasts on NBC, Meet the Press also airs on various other NBCUniversal-owned channels domestically and internationally, including MSNBC, CNBC in the United States and Canada, CNBC Europe in Europe and CNBC Asia in Asia. It is also broadcast in Australia on the Seven Network and in the Philippines on 9TV.
Meet the Press is also available as an audio or video podcast, and is simulcast on radio stations by Westwood One (which also handles distribution of all other NBC-produced radio programming, including NBC News Radio).
References and footnotes
- "60th anniversary background information". msnbc.com. Archived from the original on 2007-11-21.
- "Martha Rountree: Radio/Television Producer, Writer, Host". shemadeit.org. Paley Center for Media. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
- "Meet the Press - Crdits". NBCUniversal. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
- "The Sounds of War". Slate. April 2003.
- "Meet the Press: Cast & Details". TV Guide. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- "About Meet The Press". MSNBC.com. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- "Meet the Press: U.S. Public Affairs/Interview". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012.
- "Chuck Todd Takes Helm of 'Meet the Press'". NBC News. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- David Paul Kuhn (2008-06-13). "Memorable Tim Russert moments". Politico. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "60 Years Ago in News History: America Meets the Press". Newseum. Archived from the original on November 17, 2008.
- "American Mercury Sold to L. E. Spivak". The New York Times. January 23, 1935. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
- "Fast facts about the longest-running program in TV history". MSNBC.com.
- "In the Hot Seat". The Washington Post. May 23, 2004. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "Tim Russert's Commencement Address – CUA Office of Public Affairs".
- "Tim Russert hits ratings milestone". USA Today. April 24, 2006.
- Jill Lawrence (June 14, 2008). "NBC's Tim Russert dead at 58". USA Today. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
- "NBC remembers Russert on first 'Meet the Press' since his death". CNN.com/US. June 15, 2008. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- "Transcript for August 15 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. August 15, 2004.
- "June 22: Sen. Joe Biden (D-DE), Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-SC), political roundtable". MSNBC.com. June 22, 2008.
- "NBC's Tom Brokaw to moderate 'Meet the Press' through election". MSNBC.com. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
- Mike Allen (December 1, 2008). "Gregory to host 'Meet the Press'". Politico.
- "NBC's 'Meet The Press' hits historic lows in the final quarter of 2013". Politico. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- Claire Atkinson (December 21, 2013). "C staff irked as NBC News eyes cuts". New York Post. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Mike Allen (December 2, 2008). "Gregory to host 'Meet the Press'". Politico. Retrieved December 30, 2008.
- Gabriel Sherman (October 8, 2014). "NBC Wanted to Hire Jon Stewart to Host Meet the Press". New York Magazine Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- Andy Greene (October 30, 2014). "Jon Stewart on 'Meet The Press' Offer: 'They Were Casting a Wide and Weird Net'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
- de Moraes, Lisa (September 29, 2015). "Chuck Todd’s ‘MTP Daily’ Debut Clocks 483K Viewers". deadline.com. Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Meet the Press reflects on set change". NBCNews.com. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- Hilliard, Robert L; Keith, Michael C (February 18, 2010). The Broadcast Century and Beyond: A Biography of American Broadcasting. Focal Press. ISBN 978-0240812366. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- "Sunday, May 2: 'Meet the Press' to broadcast in HD, debut a new set". msnbc.com. May 2, 2010.
- "THE DEMOCRATS IN ATLANTA; Today's Schedule". The New York Times. July 17, 1988. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Tim O’Shei (August 1999). "Tim Russert: Sharing Buffalo with America – Part II". Living Primetime.
- "January 18, 2004 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. January 18, 2004.
- "January 25, 2004 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. January 25, 2004.
- "February 1, 2004 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. February 1, 2004.
- "February 8, 2004 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. February 8, 2004.
- "Transcript for July 25 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. July 25, 2004.
- "Transcript for August 29 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. August 29, 2004.
- "Transcript for October 31 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. October 31, 2004.
- "MTP transcript for Oct. 7, 2007 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. October 7, 2007.
- "MTP transcript for Nov. 11, 2007 – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. November 11, 2007.
- "Dec. 30: Mike Huckabee, Barack Obama: Meet the Press". msnbc.com. December 30, 2007.
- "Jan. 13: Hillary Clinton – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. January 13, 2008.
- "Jan. 20: Political roundtable – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. January 20, 2008.
- "Jan. 27: John McCain, political roundtable – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. January 27, 2008.
- "June 29: Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger (R-CA), Gov. Dave Freudenthal (D-WY), Gov. Bill Ritter (D-CO), Chuck Todd – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. June 29, 2008.
- "June 29: Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger (R-CA), Gov. Dave Freudenthal (D-WY), Gov. Bill Ritter (D-CO), Chuck Todd – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. June 29, 2008.
- "July 27: Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. July 27, 2008.
- "Aug. 10: Henry Paulson, political roundtable – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. August 10, 2008.
- "Aug. 24: Caroline Kennedy, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), political roundtable – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. August 24, 2008.
- "Aug. 31: Gov. Tim Pawlenty (R-MN), political roundtable – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. August 31, 2008.
- "BEHIND THE SCENES: KWWL will host "Meet the Press" this Sunday". KWWL.
- "Dec. 7: President-elect Barack Obama – Meet the Press". msnbc.com. December 7, 2008.
- "NBCNews.com Video Player". MSNBC. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- "January 31, 2016 – Meet the Press". nbcnews.com. January 31, 2016.
- Harris, Jay S. (editor) (1978). TV Guide: The First 25 Years. New York: New American Library. p. 44. ISBN 0-452-25225-3.
- "Free audio and video downloaded to your PC or portable player". msnbc.com.
- "Meet the Press". Dial Global. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012.
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