Psilopogon

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Psilopogon
Psilopogon pyrolophus-20030906.jpg
Fire-tufted barbet (Psilopogon pyrolophus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Megalaimidae
Genus: Psilopogon
S. Müller, 1836
Type species
P. pyrolophus
Species

See text

Psilopogon is a genus of Old World barbets that used to include a single species, the Fire-tufted barbet in the past. Molecular phylogenetic studies found the genus to be nested within an evolutionary branch consisting of barbets placed in the genus Megalaima and therefore they were not distinct. Since Psilopogon was described by Muller in 1835-36, well before the genus Megalaima was erected by G. R. Gray (in 1841), it takes priority.[1][2]

Species[edit]

 
 
 

haemacephalus

 

rubricapillus

malabaricus

 
 

australis

duvaucelii

eximius

 
 
 

virens

lagrandieri

pyrolophus

 
 
 

mystacophanos

javensis

rafflesii

 
 
 

armillaris

henricii

pulcherrima

 

faiostricta

 
 

lineatus

 

zeylanicus

 

viridis

flavifrons

 
 

franklinii

auricularis

 
 
 

corvina

 

chrysopogon

chrysopsis

monticola

 
 

nuchalis

faber

incognita

 
 

asiaticus

annamensis

 

chersonesus

oorti

Relationship within the genus[1]

Type species:

Species formerly placed in the genus Megalaima:

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Great Barbet - Bhutan S4E0428 (16222731527).jpg Psilopogon virens Great barbet northern India, Nepal and Bhutan, Bangladesh and some parts of Southeast Asia, as far away as Laos.
Psilopogon lagrandieri Red-vented barbet Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Brown headed Barbet I2 IMG 8449.jpg Psilopogon zeylanicus Brown-headed barbet Western Ghats and hilly parts of southern peninsular India
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata by Dr. Raju Kasambe IMG 2035 (3).JPG Psilopogon lineatus Lineated barbet Bangladesh and West Bengal.
White cheeked barbet( Megalaima viridis) 4.jpg Psilopogon viridis White-cheeked barbet Western Ghats and adjoining hills
Green-eared barbet.jpg Psilopogon faiostrictus Green-eared barbet southern China, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
Psilopogon corvinus Brown-throated barbet western Java.
Burung Takur Besar.jpg Psilopogon chrysopogon Golden-whiskered barbet Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Borneo and Sumatra
Red-crowned Barbet ( Megalaima rafflesii ).jpg Psilopogon rafflesii Red-crowned barbet Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand.
Red-throated Barbet - Krung Ching - Thailand S4E3842 (14086434730).jpg Psilopogon mystacophanos Red-throated barbet Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand
Black-banded Barbet.jpg Psilopogon javensis Black-banded barbet Java and Bali.
Megalaima flavifrons 1.jpg Psilopogon flavifrons Yellow-fronted barbet Sri Lanka
Golden-throated Barbet Sikkim India 10.05.2014.jpg Psilopogon franklinii Golden-throated barbet Nepal, India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam and mainland China.
Psilopogon auricularis Necklaced barbet southern Laos and Vietnam.
Black-browed Barbet - Malaysia MG 6603 (16222423359).jpg Psilopogon oorti Black-browed barbet Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula
Psilopogon annamensis Indochinese barbet Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia.
Psilopogon faber Chinese barbet southern China.
Taiwan Barbet 9206.jpg Psilopogon nuchalis Taiwan barbet Taiwan.
Blue-throated Barbet (Megalaima asiatica) on Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) in Kolkata W IMG 4293.jpg Psilopogon asiaticus Blue-throated barbet Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia
Psilopogon chersonesus Turquoise-throated barbet Thailand
Psilopogon monticola Mountain barbet Borneo
Moustached Barbet - Thailand S4E5744 (16222727037).jpg Psilopogon incognitus Moustached barbet Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
Psilopogon henricii Yellow-crowned barbet Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand.
Flame-fronted Barbet (Megalaima armillaris armillaris).jpg Psilopogon armillaris Flame-fronted barbet Java and Bali.
Golden-naped Barbet.jpg Psilopogon pulcherrimus Golden-naped barbet Indonesia and Malaysia
Blue-eared Barbet (Psilopogon duvaucelii cyanoticus).jpg Psilopogon duvaucelii Blue-eared barbet northeast India ‍and Bangladesh to peninsular Thailand
Yellow-eared Barbet - Meru Bethiri - East Java MG 7202 (29696590452).jpg Psilopogon australis Yellow-eared barbet Java and Bali
Psilopogon eximius Bornean barbet Indonesia and Malaysia , Borneo
Psilopogon rubricapillus Crimson-fronted barbet Sri Lanka
Malabar Barbet (Psilopogon malabaricus) - Male - Sakleshpur - India -2009.jpg Psilopogon malabaricus Malabar barbet Western Ghats from around Goa south to southern Kerala
Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala) in Kolkata I IMG 7583.jpg Psilopogon haemacephalus Coppersmith barbet Western Ghats

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Den Tex, Robert-Jan; Leonard, Jennifer A (2013). "A molecular phylogeny of Asian barbets: Speciation and extinction in the tropics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 68 (1): 1–13. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.03.004. PMID 23511217.
  2. ^ Ericson, Per G. P. (2012-05-01). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations". Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. ISSN 1365-2699.