Megapiranha

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Megapiranha
Temporal range: Late Miocene
Megapiranha Colossoma.jpg
comparison of M. paranensis and the tambaqui
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Serrasalmidae
Tribe: Piranha
Genus: Megapiranha
Cione et al. 2009
Species: M. paranensis
Binomial name
Megapiranha paranensis
Cione et al. 2009

Megapiranha paranensis or megapiranha is an extinct serrasalmid characin fish from the Late Miocene (8–10 million years ago) of Argentina, described in 2009.[1] It is thought to have been about 71–128 centimetres (2.33–4.20 ft) in length.[2][3] The holotype consists only of premaxillae and a zigzag tooth row; the rest of its body is unknown.[3] This dentition is reminiscent of both the double-row seen in pacus, and the single row seen in the teeth of modern piranhas, suggesting that M. paranensis is a transitional form. Its bite force is estimated between 1,240–4,749 N (279–1,068 lbf).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Live Science: Toothy 3-foot Piranha Fossil Found
  2. ^ a b Grubich, J.R.; Huskey, S.; Crofts, S.; Orti, G.; Porto, J. (2012). "Mega-Bites: Extreme jaw forces of living and extinct piranhas (Serrasalmidae)". Scientific Reports. 2. doi:10.1038/srep01009. 
  3. ^ a b Cione, Alberto Luis; Dahdul, Wasila M.; Lundberg, John G.; Machado-Allison, Antonio (2009). "Megapiranha paranensis, a new genus and species of Serrasalmidae (Characiformes, Teleostei) from the Upper Miocene of Argentina". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 29 (2): 350. doi:10.1671/039.029.0221.  (Summary of the paper).

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