In Greek mythology, Megara (//; Ancient Greek: Μεγάρα) was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes and possibly, Eurydice. She was the sister of Menoeceus (Megareus), Lycomedes, Haemon, and Pyrrha.
In reward for Heracles' defending Thebes from the Minyans at Orchomenus single-handed, Creon offered his daughter Megara to Heracles, and he brought her home to the house of Amphitryon. She bore him a son and a daughter, whom Heracles killed when Hera struck him with temporary madness; in their hero-tombs in Thebes they were venerated as the Chalkoarai. In some sources Heracles slew Megara too, in others, she was given to Iolaus when Heracles left Thebes forever. She was mother of Leipephilene by Iolaus.
- Homer, Odyssey 11.269
- Euripides, Madness of Heracles.
- The number of Megara's sons varies according to the source; the Theban tradition made them eight (Kereny 1959:185f notes Pindar's Fourth Isthmian Ode) but Euripides' Heracles reduced them to three, possibly for the exigencies of his stage tradition, Kereny notes (Kerenyi 1959:1186).
- "Those on whom fell a curse of bronze" (Kerenyi 1959:186).
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 2.6.1.
- Plutarch, Moralia "The Dialogue on Love / Erotikos / Amatoria", Loeb, V. XII, p.339
- Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Kerenyi, Karl, The Heroes of the Greeks (Thames and Hudson) 1959.
- Pindar, Odes translated by Diane Arnson Svarlien. 1990. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pindar, The Odes of Pindar including the Principal Fragments with an Introduction and an English Translation by Sir John Sandys, Litt.D., FBA. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1937. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
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