In Greek mythology, Megara (//; Greek: Μεγάρα) was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. In reward for Hercules' defending Thebes from the Minyans at Orchomenus single-handed, Creon offered his daughter Megara to Hercules, and he brought her home to the house of Amphitryon. She bore him a son and a daughter, whom Hercules killed when Hera struck him with temporary madness; in their hero-tombs in Thebes they were venerated as the Chalkoarai. In some sources Hercules slew Megara too, in others, she was given to Iolaus when Hercules left Thebes forever. She was mother of Leipephilene by Iolaus.
- Odyssey 11.269.
- Euripides, Madness of Hercules.
- The number of Megara's sons varies according to the source; the Theban tradition made them eight (Kereny 1959:185f notes Pindar's Fourth Isthmian Ode) but Euripides' Hercules reduced them to three, possibly for the exigencies of his stage tradition, Kereny notes (Kerenyi 1959:1186).
- "Those on whom fell a curse of bronze" (Kerenyi 1959:186).
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 2.6.1.
- Plutarch, Moralia "The Dialogue on Love / Erotikos / Amatoria", Loeb, V. XII, p.339
- Kerenyi, Karl, The Heroes of the Greeks (Thames and Hudson) 1959.
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