This is a good article. Click here for more information.
Page semi-protected

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Meghan Markle)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Meghan
Duchess of Sussex (more)
Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.jpg
The Duchess in New Zealand, 2018
BornRachel Meghan Markle
(1981-08-04) August 4, 1981 (age 39)
Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Spouses
(m. 2011; div. 2013)
(m. 2018)
Issue
HouseWindsor (by marriage)
FatherThomas Markle
MotherDoria Ragland
SignatureMeghan's signature
OccupationActress
Years active2002–2017
Works
See filmography

Meghan, Duchess of Sussex (/ˈmɛɡən/; born Rachel Meghan Markle; August 4, 1981), is an American member of the British royal family and a former actress.

Markle was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. Her acting career began while she was studying at Northwestern University. She attributed early career difficulties to her biracial heritage. Her most significant acting role is that of Rachel Zane in the American legal drama Suits, in which she starred for seven seasons (2011–2018). She simultaneously profited from a strong social media presence, including a lifestyle blog, The Tig (2014–2017). Through The Tig she gained recognition for her fashion sense, which led to creating and releasing two lines of clothing in 2015–2016. During her acting career, Markle became involved in charity work, focusing primarily on women's issues and social justice.

Markle was married to American film producer Trevor Engelson from 2011 until their divorce in 2013. She retired from acting upon her marriage to Prince Harry in 2018, and started undertaking engagements as a member of the British royal family. Since then, she has been known as Duchess of Sussex. The marriage prompted comments about having a mixed-race person in the royal family. The couple stepped down as senior members of the royal family in 2020 following a period of privacy issues and perceived hostile treatment by the British tabloids. They subsequently settled in her native California, where they are pursuing business ventures and charity work. They have two children, Archie and Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor.

Early life and education

Rachel Meghan Markle[1] was born August 4, 1981, in Canoga Park, Los Angeles, California,[2] and identifies as being mixed-race.[3] Her parents divorced when she was six.[4][5] Markle has a close relationship with her African American mother, Doria Ragland (b. 1956).[6][7] Markle's white American father, Thomas Markle Sr. (b. 1944),[8] worked as a director of photography and lighting for Married... with Children, and Meghan frequently visited the set of the television series as a child.[9][10] She is estranged from her father and paternal half-siblings, Samantha Markle and Thomas Markle Jr.[11][12]

Growing up in Los Angeles,[13] Markle attended Hollywood Little Red Schoolhouse.[14][15] At age 11, she wrote to Procter & Gamble to gender-neutralize a dishwashing soap commercial on national television. Three months later, P&G changed the commercial.[16] She was raised as a Protestant,[17] but she graduated from Immaculate Heart High School, an all-girl Catholic school.[18] In 1999, Markle was admitted to Northwestern University (NU) in Evanston, Illinois, where she joined Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority.[19][20] After her junior year, she interned at the American embassy in Buenos Aires and considered a political career.[21][22] However, she did not score high enough in the Foreign Service Officer Test to proceed further with the US State Department,[23] and returned to NU. She also attended a study abroad program in Madrid.[20] In 2003, Markle earned her bachelor's degree with a double major in theater and international studies from Northwestern's School of Communication.[21][23]

Acting career

Markle with Suits co-star Patrick J. Adams at Paley Center for Media, 2013

Markle claims she had some difficulty getting roles early in her career due to being "ethnically ambiguous" because "I wasn't black enough for the black roles and I wasn't white enough for the white ones."[24] To support herself between acting jobs, she worked as a freelance calligrapher and taught bookbinding.[9][25] Her first on-screen appearance was a small role as a nurse in an episode of the daytime soap opera General Hospital.[26][27] Markle had small guest roles on the television shows Century City (2004), The War at Home (2006) and CSI: NY (2006).[27] She also did several contract acting and modeling jobs, including a stint as a "briefcase girl" on the US-version of the game show Deal or No Deal.[9] She appeared in Fox's series Fringe as Junior Agent Amy Jessup in the first two episodes of its second season.[28]

Markle appeared in small roles in the films Get Him to the Greek, Remember Me and The Candidate in 2010 and the film Horrible Bosses in 2011.[29] She was paid $187,000 for her role in Remember Me and $171,429 for her role in the short film The Candidate.[30] In July 2011, she joined the cast of the USA Network show Suits through to late 2017 and the seventh season. Her character, Rachel Zane, began as a paralegal and eventually became an attorney.[31] While working on Suits, Markle lived for nine months each year in Toronto.[32][33] Fortune magazine estimated that she was paid $50,000 per episode, amounting to an equivalent annual salary of $450,000.[34]

Personal life

Markle and American film producer Trevor Engelson began dating in 2004.[35][36] They were married in Ocho Rios, Jamaica on September 10, 2011[37] and concluded a no-fault divorce in August 2013,[38] citing irreconcilable differences.[39] Markle's subsequent relationship with Canadian celebrity chef and restaurateur Cory Vitiello ended in May 2016 after almost two years.[40]

Markle and Prince Harry on Christmas Day 2017

In July 2016, Markle began a relationship with Prince Harry,[41][42] a grandson of Queen Elizabeth II. In November, the prince directed his communications secretary to release a statement on his behalf to express personal concern about pejorative and false comments made about his girlfriend by mainstream media and internet trolls.[43][44] In September 2017, Markle and Prince Harry first appeared together in public in Toronto at the Invictus Games, of which Harry is founding patron.[45][46]

Marriage to Prince Harry

Meghan Markle's engagement to Prince Harry was announced on November 27, 2017 by Harry's father Charles, Prince of Wales.[47] The announcement prompted generally positive comments about having a mixed-race person as a member of the royal family,[48] especially in regard to Commonwealth countries with populations of blended or native ancestry.[49] Markle announced that she would retire from acting,[50][51] and began the lengthy process of becoming a British citizen,[52] which is subject to strict immigration rules about living outside of the UK for more than 90 days.[53]

In preparation for the wedding, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, baptized Markle and confirmed her into the Church of England on March 6, 2018.[54] The private ceremony, performed with water from the River Jordan, took place in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace.[54] The marriage ceremony was held on May 19 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.[55] Her wedding dress was designed by the British designer Clare Waight Keller.[56] Markle later revealed in the 2021 television interview Oprah with Meghan and Harry that there was a private exchange of vows three days before with the Archbishop of Canterbury in the couple's garden.[57] However, this earlier exchange of vows was not an official religious or legally recognised marriage.[58][59] The Archbishop of Canterbury told la Repubblica "The legal wedding was on the Saturday. I signed the wedding certificate, which is a legal document, and I would have committed a serious criminal offence if I signed it knowing it was false."[60]

It was reportedly agreed in advance that excess funds generated from the BBC broadcast of the wedding ceremony would go to a charity chosen by the newlywed couple.[61] In April 2020, Feeding Britain (which provides food packages to families in food poverty) was nominated to receive £90,000 from the BBC.[62]

After the wedding, the Duke and Duchess lived at Nottingham Cottage on the grounds of Kensington Palace in London.[63] They later moved to Frogmore Cottage in the Home Park of Windsor Castle.[64][65][66] Meghan gave birth to a son, Archie Mountbatten-Windsor, on May 6, 2019.[67] The Duke and Duchess of Sussex's office moved to Buckingham Palace[68] and officially closed on March 31, 2020 when the Sussexes ceased undertaking official engagements.[69] After some months in Canada and the United States, the couple bought a house in June 2020 on the former estate of Riven Rock in Montecito, California.[70] The next month, Meghan suffered a miscarriage.[71] She gave birth to a daughter, Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor, on June 4, 2021.[72]

Political views

Members of the British royal family are politically neutral by convention.[73] However, Markle was politically vocal before marrying Prince Harry. She backed Hillary Clinton during the 2016 United States presidential election and publicly denounced the opponent and eventual winner, Donald Trump. The same year, when the referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union resulted in favor of Brexit, Markle expressed her disappointment on Instagram.[74] In 2017, Markle recommended the book Who Rules the World? by left-wing intellectual Noam Chomsky on her Instagram account.[75] As an eligible voter in the United States, she released a video with her husband encouraging others to register for the 2020 United States presidential election on National Voter Registration Day. Some media outlets took it as an implicit endorsement of the Democratic candidate, Joe Biden, which prompted then-President Trump to dismiss their messaging at a press conference.[76]

Public life

Royal duties

Markle greeting the public in Belfast, March 2018

After becoming engaged, Markle's first official public appearance with Prince Harry was at a World AIDS Day walkabout in Nottingham on December 1, 2017.[77][78] On March 12, the 2018 Commonwealth Day service at Westminster Abbey was the first royal event she attended with the Queen.[79] On March 23, Harry and Meghan made an unannounced day visit to Northern Ireland.[80] In total, Markle attended 26 public engagements prior to the wedding.[81] Meghan's first official engagement after marriage was on May 22, when she and her husband attended a garden party celebrating the charity work of the Prince of Wales.[82]

In July 2018, Meghan's first official trip abroad as a royal was to Dublin, Ireland, alongside Harry.[83][84] In October 2018, the Duke and Duchess traveled to Sydney, Australia for the 2018 Invictus Games.[85] This formed part of a Pacific tour that included Australia, Fiji, Tonga and New Zealand.[86][87] As representatives of the Queen, the couple were greeted warmly by crowds in Sydney, and the announcement of Meghan's pregnancy hours after their arrival delighted the public and media.[87][88] During their visit to Morocco in February 2019, the Duke and Duchess focused on projects centered on "women's empowerment, girls' education, inclusivity and encouragement of social entrepreneurship".[89] It is otherwise noted that Meghan participated in her husband's work as youth ambassador to the Commonwealth, which included overseas tours.[90][91]

As part of establishing a separate office from Kensington Palace in 2019, the Duke and Duchess created an Instagram social media account, which broke the record for the fastest account to date to reach a million followers.[92] In August 2019, Meghan and her husband were criticized by environmental campaigners for using private jets regularly when taking their personal trips abroad, which would leave more carbon footprint per person compared to commercial planes. The criticism was in line with the reactions the royal family faced in June 2019, after it was revealed that they "had doubled [their] carbon footprint from business travel".[93][94]

In September and October 2019, a Southern African tour included Malawi, Angola, South Africa and Botswana. Because infant son Archie traveled with the Sussexes, this was "their first official tour as a family".[95]

Stepping down

In January 2020, Meghan and Harry returned to the UK from a vacation in Canada and announced that they were stepping back from their role as senior members of the royal family, and would balance their time between the United Kingdom and North America.[96][97] A statement released by the Palace confirmed that the Duke and Duchess were to become financially independent and cease to represent the Queen.[98] The couple would retain their HRH stylings but not be permitted to use them.[98] The formal role of the Duke and Duchess was subject to a twelve-month review period, ending in March 2021. Meghan's final solo engagement as a senior royal was a visit to Robert Clack School on March 7, 2020, in Dagenham ahead of International Women's Day.[99]

Post-royal work

In summer 2019, before announcing their decision to step down in January 2020, the couple were involved in talks with Jeffrey Katzenberg, the founder of the now-defunct streaming platform Quibi, over a possible role in the service without gaining personal profits, but they eventually decided against joining the project.[100] Until February 2021, Meghan and Harry remained president and vice president respectively of The Queen's Commonwealth Trust (QCT).[101] Periodically, online QCT chat sessions were conducted and uploaded to YouTube for general public viewing.[102] In June 2020, they signed with the Harry Walker Agency, owned by media company Endeavor, to conduct public speaking engagements.[103] In September 2020, the Sussexes signed a private commercial deal with Netflix "to develop scripted and unscripted series, film, documentaries, and children programming for the streaming service".[104] In December 2020, it was announced that she had invested in Clevr Blends, a coffee company based in Southern California.[105][106] In the same month, Meghan and Harry signed a multi-year deal with Spotify to produce and host their own programs through their audio producing company, Archewell Audio.[107] The debut episode of the podcast, a holiday special, was released on the service in December 2020.[108]

In April 2021, the couple were announced as campaign chairs for Vax Live, an event organized by Global Citizen to increase access to COVID-19 vaccinations.[109] They also announced their support for a vaccine equity fundraiser initiated by the same organization.[110] The Bench, a picture book written by Meghan, was published in June 2021 by Random House Children's Books. It is based on her perception of the relationship between her husband and their son.[111] The book received a mixed response; it garnered praise for its illustrations and messaging but was criticized for its structure and writing.[112][113][114][115] Following its release, Meghan, alongside Archewell, donated 2,000 copies of The Bench to libraries, schools, and other nonprofit programs across the United States.[112]

Charity work and advocacy

Markle addressing the audience during a USO show at Naval Station Rota, Spain, December 6, 2014[116]

Markle spoke at the 2014 summit for the international charity One Young World in Dublin[117] and attended the 2016 opening ceremony in Ottawa.[118] Also in 2014, she toured Afghanistan and Spain with the United Service Organizations.[119][120][121]

In 2016, Markle became a global ambassador for World Vision Canada, traveling to Rwanda for the Clean Water Campaign.[122][123][24] After a trip to India focused on raising awareness for women's issues, she penned an op-ed for Time magazine concerning stigmatization of women in regard to menstrual health.[124] She has also worked with the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women as an Advocate.[122][125] Meghan is a vocal feminist and intended to use her role as a member of the royal family to continue supporting women's rights and social justice.[126] In 2017, Markle joined Prince Harry in teaming up with the charity Elephants Without Borders to assist with the conservation efforts taking place in Botswana.[127]

In January 2018, Markle became interested in the Hubb Community Kitchen run by survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire. She visited the kitchen regularly, and suggested that the displaced women publish a cookbook to assist in funding for the group.[128] Together: Our Community Cookbook, her first charity project as Duchess of Sussex, was announced in September.[129] In March 2021, Meghan used proceeds from the cookbook to donate £10,000 to the UK-based charity Himmah to assist them with stocking the group's food bank, provide them with equipment and help the Salaam Shalom Kitchen, the only Muslim and Jewish community kitchen in the UK.[130]

In March 2020, it was announced that Meghan's first post-royal project would be the narration of Disneynature's documentary Elephant, which was released on April 3.[131] In support of elephants, Disneynature and the Disney Conservation Fund would donate to Elephant Without Borders for species conservation in Botswana.[132] In April 2020, Meghan volunteered with her husband in a private capacity to personally deliver foods prepared by the Project Angel Food to Los Angeles residents amidst the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.[133] In July 2020, she spoke in support of the Black Lives Matter movement.[134]

Patronages and interests

From January 2019 to February 2021 Meghan was patron of London's National Theatre and the Association of Commonwealth Universities.[135][101] She remains a private patron of Smart Works and Mayhew.[101] From March 2019 to February 2021, she was the vice president of The Queen's Commonwealth Trust.[136][101] In October 2019 Meghan voiced a Public Health England announcement with other members of the royal family for the "Every Mind Matters" mental health program.[137]

In 2019 Meghan was a contributor and guest editor for the September issue of British Vogue and highlighted the works of 15 women from different areas, who were described as "Forces for Change".[138] Edward Enninful, editor-in-chief of the British Vogue, later revealed that the issue had become the "fastest-selling issue in the history of British Vogue".[139] In the same issue, it was announced that she had collaborated with a number of British fashion houses and stores to launch a capsule collection, called The Smart Set, in September 2019 to benefit the charity Smart Works. The collection sought to help "unemployed and disadvantaged women", through selling items "on a one-for-one basis, meaning an item is donated for each item purchased".[140] Taking advantage of "the Meghan effect" (driving consumer purchases), in 10 days the collection provided a year's worth of clothes for the charity.[141]

Sussex Royal and Archewell

In February 2018, Markle and fiancé Harry attended the first annual forum of The Royal Foundation.[142] After marriage Meghan became the foundation's fourth patron alongside Prince Harry, Prince William and his wife, Catherine.[143] In June 2019, it was announced that Harry and Meghan would split from the charity and establish their own foundation. Nevertheless, the couples would collaborate on mutual projects, such as the mental health initiative Heads Together.[144][145] The following month, "Sussex Royal The Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Sussex" was registered in England and Wales.[146] However, it was confirmed on February 21, 2020 that "Sussex Royal" would not be used as a brand name for the couple following their step back from public life as working royals.[147] On August 5, 2020, Sussex Royal Foundation was renamed "MWX Foundation" and dissolved the same day.[148]

In March 2021, it was reported that the Charity Commission for England and Wales was conducting a review of the Sussex Royal organization in a "regulatory and compliance case" regarding its conduct under charity law during dissolution.[149] Representatives for the couple claimed that Sussex Royal was "managed by a board of trustees" and that "suggestion of mismanagement" directed exclusively at the Duke and Duchess would be incorrect.[149] The commission later concluded that the foundation did not act unlawfully, but criticized the board of directors for expending a "substantial proportion of funds" to setting up and closing the charity.[150][151]

In April 2020, Meghan and Harry confirmed that an alternative foundation (in lieu of Sussex Royal) would be called "Archewell".[152] The name stems from the Greek word "arche", which means "source of action"; the same word that inspired the name of their son.[152] Archewell was registered in the United States.[153] Its website was officially launched in October 2020.[154]

Public image and style

Markle (3rd from left) at the New York Fashion Week in 2013

In 2014, Markle founded her own lifestyle blog The Tig. She wrote about food, fashion, beauty, travel and inspirational women.[155] The viewing audience consisted primarily of the fans of Markle and Suits. Promotion of the blog on other social media platforms targeted 3 million followers on Instagram, 800,000 on Facebook, and 350,000 on Twitter. In April 2017, The Tig closed. In January 2018, Markle took all articles offline and deleted her social media accounts.[156] It is estimated that Markle's social media activities annually earned her about $80,000 from endorsements and sponsorships.[30]

Markle became known through The Tig for her fashion sense,[33] releasing two fashion collections with Canadian clothing company Reitmans in 2015 and 2016.[156] The lines were based on her personal style and that of her Suits character.[33] Markle has cited Emmanuelle Alt as her style inspiration.[157][158]

Shortly after her engagement to Prince Harry in 2017, Markle caused a surge of interest in Scottish retailer Strathberry after carrying one of its handbags to a public event.[159][160] This was reported as an indication that her fashion choices would produce a variation of the Kate Middleton effect.[159][161] After Markle and Prince Harry's first appearance as a couple, brands Mackage, Birks, R&R Jewelers, Crown Jewelers and Everlane noted an upswing in their website hits and sales.[162][163][160] It was speculated that Markle's effect would be broader internationally because she already had a strong American appeal.[161] Consequently, the United States saw a boost in yellow gold jewelry sales in the first quarter of 2018.[164]

In 2018, Tatler named Meghan with other senior royal women on its list of Britain's best dressed people.[165] Following the announcement of her pregnancy she appeared in a Karen Gee dress that resulted in the Australian designer's website crashing.[166] Fashion website Net-a-Porter ranked Meghan as one of the best dressed women in 2018.[167] and was nominated for the 2018 Teen Choice Awards in the category Choice Style Icon.[168] In 2019, British brand Reiss reported a growth in profits after Meghan was seen wearing a mini-dress by them on International Women's Day.[169]

In 2018, Time magazine included Meghan on their list of the 100 Most Influential People in the World[170] and placed her on its shortlist for Person of the Year.[171] She was also chosen as one of the most influential women in the United Kingdom by British Vogue magazine.[172] Her influence was also recognized in both the 2019 and 2020 editions of Powerlist, the 100 most influential Britons of African and Afro-Caribbean descent.[173]

Privacy and the media

Meghan and Harry obtained a formal apology in May 2019 from the Splash News for privacy invasion,[174][175] and the Duchess launched a lawsuit against The Mail on Sunday and MailOnline over the publication of a letter she had sent to her father.[176][177] The couple had a legal warning issued to the press in general in January 2020 after the publication of paparazzi photographs.[178] The Duchess subsequently received support from more than 70 female MPs from different parties who in an open letter condemned the use of "outdated, colonial undertones" against her in some national media outlets.[179] In February 2021, the High Court of Justice found that the Daily Mail had invaded the Duchess's privacy by publishing the letter,[180] and she won her claim for "misuse of private information and copyright infringement" in May 2021.[181]

In March 2020, the couple took Splash UK to court after Meghan and her son were photographed without permission in Canada during a "private family outing". The case was settled later that year with Splash UK agreeing to no longer take unauthorized photos of the family.[182] The Duke and Duchess announced in April that they would no longer cooperate with the Daily Mail, The Sun, Daily Mirror and Daily Express.[183] They won an apology in October from American news agency X17 for taking photographs of their son at their home using drones.[184] In March 2021, it was reported that an American private investigator unlawfully handed over personal details about Meghan to The Sun, including her Social Security number, cellphone number and address, when she first started dating Harry in 2016. Meghan and her husband condemned the "predatory practices" of the British tabloids, while The Sun stated that the investigator "was instructed clearly in writing to act lawfully", and they did not "use the information he provided for any unlawful practice".[185]

In 2021, shortly before the Duchess and Duke were due to be interviewed by Oprah Winfrey, The Times reported that the Duchess's press secretary, Jason Knauf, complained that her conduct at Kensington Palace had caused two personal assistants to quit and had undermined the morale of a third employee,[186] prompting an investigation by Buckingham Palace.[187][188] Criticism of the Duchess for twice wearing earrings gifted from Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in 2018, after he was accused of complicity in the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi, appeared at the same time.[189][186][190] Her representatives denied her awareness of the accusations against Mohammed bin Salman, and said The Times was being used by Buckingham Palace for "a smear campaign" against her.[191][186]

The television special Oprah with Meghan and Harry was broadcast on CBS on March 7, 2021.[192] Meghan spoke about her personal and royal life and public pressure. She discussed contemplating suicide during her time as a working royal and talked about a perceived lack of protection for her and her son while being part of the royal institution.[193] There was a wide and polarized reaction to the interview with the British media outlets questioning the veracity and context of claims made by the couple.[194]

In June 2021, Jonny Dymond of the BBC reported, quoting "a good palace source", that the couple had not sought the permission of the Queen before naming their daughter with her personal family nickname.[195][196] Lawyers for the couple subsequently accused the BBC of defamation and sent letters out to various media orgazisations saying the report was false and defamatory, and the allegations should not be repeated."[197][198] The BBC had "no immediate response" to the allegations, while Buckingham Palace did not comment.[197][198]

Titles, styles, and arms

The Duchess of Sussex's monogram

Meghan became a princess of the United Kingdom upon her marriage to Prince Harry, entitled to the style of Royal Highness. After her marriage, she was styled "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex". She also holds the titles of Countess of Dumbarton and Baroness Kilkeel.[199][200][201] She is the first person to hold the title "Duchess of Sussex".[202][203] Following the Duke and Duchess's decision to step back from royal duties in 2020, the couple agreed not to use the style of "Royal Highness" in practice, but still technically retain the style.[204][205][206]

Coat of arms of the Duchess of Sussex
Coat of arms of Meghan, Duchess of Sussex.svg
Notes
Meghan bears the arms of her husband impaled with her own. Thomas Woodcock, Garter King of Arms, the senior officer of the College of Arms, helped the Duchess with the design, which was approved by the Queen.[207][208]
Adopted
May 25, 2018
Coronet
Coronet of a child of the heir apparent.[207]
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st and 4th Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or armed and langed Azure (England), 2nd Or a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure within a double tressure flory counterflory (Scotland), 3rd Azure a harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland), the whole differenced by a label of five points Argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with an escallop Gules (Prince Harry); Impaled with a shield Azure a feather bendwise Argent quilled Or between two bendlets Or all between two like feathers Argent quilled Or (Markle).[209]
Supporters
On the dexter side the lion used as a supporter by the Duke of Sussex and to the sinister a songbird Argent wings spread, unguled Or and gorged with the coronet of the Duke of Sussex.
Compartment
Below the shield, a mount of grass with golden poppies and wintersweet in flower.
Symbolism
The blue background of the shield represents the Pacific Ocean off the California coast, while the two golden rays across the shield are symbolic of the sunshine of the Duchess's home state. The three quills represent communication and the power of words. Beneath the shield on the grass sits a collection of golden poppies, California's state flower, and wintersweet, which grows at Kensington Palace. The songbird with wings elevated as if flying and an open beak represents the power of communication.[207][208]

Filmography

Television

Year Title Role Notes
2002 General Hospital Jill 1 episode[26][27]
2004 Century City Natasha 1 episode "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Lose" (season 1: episode 4)
2005 Cuts Cori 1 episode "My Boyfriend's Back" (season 1: episode 5)
2005 Love, Inc. Teresa Santos 1 episode "One on One" (season 1: episode 9)
2006 1 vs. 100 Herself 1 episode "Mob member number 7" (Episode 101)
2006 The War at Home Susan 1 episode "The Seventeen-Year Itch" (season 1: episode 17)
2006 CSI: NY Veronica Perez 1 episode "Murder Sings the Blues" (season 3: episode 7)
2006 Deceit Gwen Television movie
2006–2007 Deal or No Deal Herself Holder of Case #24; 34 episodes[210]
2008 Good Behavior Sadie Valencia Television movie
2008 90210 Wendy 1 episode "We're Not in Kansas Anymore" (season 1: episode 1)
"The Jet Set" (season 1: episode 2)
2008 'Til Death Tara 1 episode "Joy Ride" (season 3: episode 2)
2008 The Apostles Kelly Calhoun Television movie
2009 Knight Rider Annie Ortiz 1 episode "Fight Knight" (season 1: episode 14)
2009 Without a Trace Holly Shepard 1 episode "Chameleon" (season 7: episode 15)
2009 Fringe Junior FBI Agent Amy Jessup 2 episodes "A New Day in the Old Town" (season 2: episode 1)
"Night of Desirable Objects" (season 2: episode 2)
2009 The League Amanda 1 episode "The Bounce Test" (season 1: episode 2)
2010 CSI: Miami Officer Leah Montoya 1 episode "Backfire" (season 8: episode 20)
2010 The Boys & Girls Guide to Getting Down Dana Television movie
2011–2018 Suits Rachel Zane Series regular (seasons 1–7), 108 episodes
(Markle's final scene was filmed in 2017)
2012 Castle Charlotte Boyd/Sleeping Beauty 1 episode "Once Upon a Crime" (season 4: episode 17)
2014 When Sparks Fly Amy Peterson Hallmark Channel television movies
2016 Dater's Handbook Cassandra Brand
2021 Oprah with Meghan and Harry Herself CBS Special interview

Film

Year Title Role Notes
2005 A Lot like Love Christina Marks Cameo
2010 Remember Me Megan
2010 Get Him to the Greek Tatiana Uncredited
2010 The Candidate Kat Short film
2011 Horrible Bosses Jamie
2012 Dysfunctional Friends Terry
2013 Random Encounters Mindy UK Title: A Random Encounter
2015 Anti-Social Kirsten
2020 Elephant Narrator Disneynature film; credit: Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex[132]

Bibliography

Books

  • HRH The Duchess of Sussex, "Foreword", in: The Hubb Community Kitchen (2018). Together: Our Community Cookbook. Ebury Press. ISBN 978-1529102925. OCLC 1055685147.
  • Meghan, The Duchess of Sussex (2021). The Bench. Illustrated by Christian Robinson. Random House Children's Books. ISBN 978-0593434512.

Authored articles

References

  1. ^ "The Birth of Rachel Markle". California Birth Index. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019. Rachel Meghan Markle was born on August 4, 1981, in Los Angeles, California. Her father's last name is Markle, and her mother's maiden name is Ragland.
  2. ^ "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry: a timeline of how their lives collided". The Sunday Times. May 20, 2018. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  3. ^ Markle, Meghan (August 17, 2015). "I'm More Than An 'Other'". Elle UK. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  4. ^ John, Tara (November 27, 2017). "Meet Meghan Markle, Prince Harry's Fiancee And Britain's Newest Royal-To-Be". Time. Archived from the original on November 28, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  5. ^ "Meghan Markle's half-sister to write a tell-all book about her 'pushy' sibling". The Daily Telegraph. April 3, 2017. Archived from the original on June 11, 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Dewan, Angela. "Doria Ragland: Meghan Markle's mother by her side on wedding day". CNN. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  7. ^ Boyle, Danny (November 8, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  8. ^ "Tracing Meghan Markle's 'German roots'". Deutsche Welle. May 11, 2018. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Goulet, Matt (July 13, 2013). "Meghan Markle Talks Suits, Catholic Childhood and Growing Up On Set of Married With Children". Esquire. Hearst Communications, Inc. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  10. ^ Hicks, Tony (November 1, 2016). "Prince Harry ready to meet Meghan Markle's father". Mercury News. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  11. ^ "Meghan's estranged father Thomas Markle says he does not think royal family is racist". abc.net.au. March 9, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  12. ^ Davies, Caroline (May 15, 2018). "The royal in-laws: Meghan Markle's family". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  13. ^ Morris, Regan (September 26, 2017). "'Meghan who?' LA shrugs over Harry's hometown girlfriend". BBC. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
  14. ^ "Duchess of Sussex – Education". UK Gov. 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  15. ^ Woustra, Kristy. "Who Is Meghan Markle: The Actress Was Changing The World At Age 11". HuffPost. Canada. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  16. ^ Boedeker, Hal (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle at 11: Fighting sexism on TV". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  17. ^ Said-Moorhouse, Lauren (March 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle baptized in private ceremony". CNN. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  18. ^ Simon, Mallory; Carroll, Jason (May 17, 2018). "This is what Meghan Markle's high school teacher remembers most about her". CNN. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  19. ^ Swartz, Tracy (April 17, 2018). "New Meghan Markle book rehashes time at Northwestern". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  20. ^ a b Swartz, Tracy (May 9, 2018). "Meghan Markle recalled as dignified, charitable during her Northwestern days". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 13, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Willgress, Lydia; Boyle, Danny (September 21, 2017). "Who is Meghan Markle? Everything we know about Prince Harry's girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  22. ^ Vesey-Byrne, Joe (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle was an intern for the US embassy in Argentina. But you probably didn't hear about that". Indy100. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  23. ^ a b Morton, Andrew (April 1, 2018). "Meghan Markle exclusive: Diana's biographer Andrew Morton on how the Suits star made it to the heart of the Establishment". The Times. London. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  24. ^ a b Judith Vonberg. "Meghan Markle: Who is Prince Harry's bride-to-be?". CNN. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017.
  25. ^ Petit, Stephanie; Perry, Simon (September 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Just Received a Custom Gift for Archie During a Surprise Outing in Africa". People. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  26. ^ a b Eades, Chris (December 5, 2017). "Meghan Markle Started Her Acting Career on General Hospital". ABC Soaps In Depth. United States: Bauer Publications. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  27. ^ a b c Ivie, Devon (November 28, 2017). "Beyond Suits: Your Guide to Meghan Markle's TV Work". Vulture. Archived from the original on November 29, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  28. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (June 23, 2009). "Meghan Markle joins 'Fringe'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  29. ^ Hibberd, James (August 24, 2010). "Meghan Markle books lead role on 'Legal Mind'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  30. ^ a b Dangremond, Sam. "Meghan Markle Net Worth 2017". Town & Country. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  31. ^ "Meghan Markle's final episode of 'Suits' features her in a wedding dress". The Irish Times. April 26, 2018. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  32. ^ Horton, Helena (December 12, 2017). "Meghan Markle's Toronto home – where Prince Harry stayed – up for sale". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 12, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  33. ^ a b c Murphy, Jessica (May 18, 2018). "Meghan's pageboys and Toronto 'royalty'". BBC News. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  34. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle: What's Their Net Worth?". Fortune. April 4, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018.
  35. ^ Porter, Tom (November 27, 2017). "Who Is Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband, Trevor Engelson?". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 11, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  36. ^ "How Meghan Markle's Jewish Ex-Husband Became The Guy Who Lost Future Royal Bride". Forward.com. November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
  37. ^ "Hitched, Hatched, Hired". The Hollywood Reporter. September 27, 2011. Archived from the original on October 24, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  38. ^ "36 things we've learnt about Meghan Markle in the past year". The Daily Telegraph. September 5, 2017. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017.
  39. ^ "Meghan Markle's Ex-Husband Trevor Engelson Just Got Engaged". Town & Country. June 4, 2018. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  40. ^ Rayner, Gordon (October 31, 2016). "Prince Harry 'met new girlfriend while she was still dating celebrity chef'". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  41. ^ Rayner, Gordon. "The Duke of Cambridge approved Prince Harry's plea to trolls to leave Meghan Markle alone". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  42. ^ Furness, Hannah (November 27, 2017). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle engaged: 'She didn't even let me finish!' Couple describe 'sweet, natural and very romantic' proposal". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  43. ^ Vallance, Adam (November 8, 2016). "A Statement by the Communications Secretary to Prince Harry". The Royal Family. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  44. ^ Booth, Robert; Lisa O'Carroll (November 8, 2016). "Prince Harry attacks press over 'wave of abuse' of girlfriend Meghan Markle". The Guardian. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017.
  45. ^ "Meghan Markle attends Invictus Games". BBC News Online. September 24, 2017. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  46. ^ "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle make first official public appearance". ABC News. September 26, 2017. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  47. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle are engaged to be married". royal.gov.uk. The Official Website of the British Royal Family. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  48. ^ Katwala, Sunder (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle has already changed the way we think about race". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  49. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa (December 19, 2018). "Inside the Markle Family Breakdown". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  50. ^ Falzone, Diana. "Meghan Markle will quit acting following engagement to Prince Harry". Fox News Channel. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  51. ^ "Prince Charles to walk Meghan down the aisle". BBC News. May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  52. ^ "How will Meghan Markle become a British citizen?". BBC News. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  53. ^ Troy-Pryde, Jadie (January 26, 2020). "Meghan Markle has reportedly 'given up bid to become British citizen'". marie claire. Retrieved December 19, 2020.
  54. ^ a b Walter, Stephen (March 8, 2018). "Meghan Markle 'baptised by Archbishop of Canterbury ahead of wedding to Prince Harry'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  55. ^ Vickers, Hugo (May 18, 2018). "St George's Chapel: Inside the Windsor Castle venue for tomorrow's royal wedding". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 18, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  56. ^ Samaha, Barry (April 23, 2020). "Clare Waight Keller Reminisces About Designing Meghan Markle's Wedding Dress". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  57. ^ "Meghan and Harry interview: Racism claims, duke 'let down' by dad, and duchess on Kate". BBC News. March 9, 2021.
  58. ^ Swerling, Gabriella; Ward, Victoria; Tominey, Camilla (March 8, 2021). "Prince Harry and Meghan's 'secret wedding' an exchange of vows and not legal ceremony". The Daily Telegraph. sources within both the Church of England and those working for the Sussexes moved to clarify that the vows presided over by the Most Rev Justin Welby in the garden did not constitute a legal marriage. Instead, the "marriage" was merely a personal and private exchange of vows between the couple.
  59. ^ Siddique, Haroon (March 8, 2021). "Meghan's claim of private garden wedding sparks confusion". The Guardian. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  60. ^ "Meghan and Harry did not have secret 'backyard' wedding before the public ceremony says Archbishop of Canterbury". Sky News. March 31, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  61. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (April 15, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Donate Over $100,000 to a British Hunger Organization amid Coronavirus". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  62. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle donate £90,000 to hunger charity amid pandemic". The Independent. April 16, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  63. ^ Ward, Victoria (May 22, 2018). "Nottingham Cottage: The Kensington home where Meghan and Harry live as a married couple". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 5, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  64. ^ "With child coming, it's off to the country for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle". NBC News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  65. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan are moving to the suburbs". CBS News. November 24, 2018. Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  66. ^ "Harry and Meghan taxpayer-funded renovations cost £2.4m". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  67. ^ Barry, Ellen; Karasz, Palko (May 6, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, gives birth to a boy". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  68. ^ Hill, Erin (March 14, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Have Split Royal Households from Kate Middleton and Prince William". People. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  69. ^ Murphy, Victoria (February 19, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to Officially Close Buckingham Palace Office at the End of March". Town & Country. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  70. ^ "Harry and Meghan buy home on Santa Barbara estate that was subject of 1998 novel Riven Rock". Daily Telegraph. August 13, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  71. ^ "Meghan: Duchess of Sussex tells of miscarriage 'pain and grief'". BBC News. November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  72. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan announce birth of baby girl". BBC. June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  73. ^ "The royals and politics: Can we ever know what they really think?". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 11, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  74. ^ Booth, Robert (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle's activism to be held in check by royal protocol". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  75. ^ "Meghan Markle could shake up monarchy, says Noam Chomsky". the Guardian. December 1, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
  76. ^ Concha, Joe (September 23, 2020). "Trump wishes Prince Harry 'luck' with Meghan Markle after Biden endorsement: 'Not a fan'". Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  77. ^ Davies, Caroline (December 1, 2017). "Meghan Markle begins royal induction with Nottingham walkabout". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  78. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle wow Nottingham crowds on first joint visit". BBC. December 1, 2017. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017.
  79. ^ "Meghan Markle joins Queen for first time at official royal event". The Times. London. March 12, 2018. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  80. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in Northern Ireland: Couple's rapturous welcome on unannounced visit". The Daily Telegraph. March 23, 2018. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  81. ^ "Royal wedding facts and figures: From how many people are invited, to the cost of Windsor parking". The Daily Telegraph. May 21, 2018. Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  82. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 22, 2018). "Duke and Duchess of Sussex make first appearance as a married couple at Prince Charles' 70th birthday party". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 22, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  83. ^ "Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Markle set for first trip abroad as newlyweds with Dublin tour". Independent.ie. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 19, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  84. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to visit Dublin". The Irish Times. June 19, 2018. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
  85. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan to visit Australia in October for Invictus Games". The Guardian. June 11, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  86. ^ "Royal tour: Harry and Meghan's overseas trip so far". BBC. October 31, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  87. ^ a b Lyons, Kate (October 19, 2018). "Bearing a baby and banana bread, Harry and Meghan enchant Australia". The Guardian. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  88. ^ Furness, Hannah (October 16, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex says 'we're ready and excited to join the club' after pregnancy announcement". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  89. ^ Perry, Simon; Hill, Erin (February 23, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Arrive Hand-in-Hand in Morocco for Last Royal Tour Before Baby". People. Archived from the original on February 24, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  90. ^ Furness, Hannah (April 16, 2018). "Prince Harry reveals Meghan Markle will take on Commonwealth role". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 20, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  91. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (January 19, 2020). "What Will Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Roles in the British Commonwealth Look Like?". Town & Country. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  92. ^ "Harry and Meghan's new Instagram account is a record-breaking hit with millions". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on April 20, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  93. ^ Webster, Ben (August 19, 2019). "Prince Harry used private jet twice in a week after climate talks". The Times. London. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  94. ^ Britton, Bianca (August 20, 2019). "Harry and Meghan branded hypocrites for using private jets". CNN. Archived from the original on August 21, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  95. ^ Gonzales, Erica (September 6, 2019). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry, and Archie's Royal Tour of Southern Africa: Everything You Need to Know". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  96. ^ "Duke and Duchess of Sussex step back from senior royal duties. Read their full statement". CNN. January 8, 2020. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  97. ^ Booth, William; Adam, Karla (January 8, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan to 'step back' as senior royals and split time between Britain and North America". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  98. ^ a b Elser, Daniela (January 20, 2020). "Queen rejects Harry and Meghan's plan". news.com.au. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  99. ^ "Duchess of Sussex marks final solo visit as a royal with feminist speech – and a hug from schoolboy". Telegraph. March 7, 2020. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  100. ^ Mandell, Sean (April 2, 2021). "Meghan Markle And Prince Harry's Meetings With Quibi Came At Request Of Founder Jeffrey Katzenberg". ET Canada. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  101. ^ a b c d "Harry and Meghan not returning as working members of Royal Family". BBC News. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  102. ^ "The Queen's Commonwealth Trust". YouTube. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  103. ^ Richwine, Lisa (June 24, 2020). "Harry and Meghan sign with A-list agency to hit the speaking circuit". Reuters. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  104. ^ "Netflix Teams With Prince Harry And Meghan Markle For Overall Deal". mxdwn Television. September 2, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  105. ^ Harper, Zach (December 14, 2020). "Duchess Meghan invests in startup that makes instant oat milk lattes". Hello!. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  106. ^ Murphy, Victoria (December 14, 2020). "Meghan Markle Invests in Oat Milk Lattes and Oprah Is a Fan". Town & Country. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  107. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's media empire expands with Spotify podcast deal". CNN. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  108. ^ "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's Holiday Podcast Just Dropped — Hear Archie Talk for the First Time!". People. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  109. ^ "Vax Live: Harry and Meghan to join Covid vaccine concert". BBC. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  110. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle ask people to donate $5 for Archie's birthday to fund vaccine drive". Independent. May 6, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  111. ^ Victoria Ward (May 4, 2021). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex to publish children's book based on Prince Harry's relationship with their son Archie". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  112. ^ a b Bickerton, James. "Meghan Markle to give away thousands of copies of new book The Bench in heartfelt donation". Express. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  113. ^ "The Bench by Meghan, Duchess of Sussex review — lacking a good story and basic rhythm". The Times. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  114. ^ "The Bench review: Meghan Markle's children's book is 'soothing, loving, although a little schmaltzy in places'". Evening Standard. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  115. ^ Lyall, Sarah. "The Tortured Rhyme and Reason of Meghan Markle's Picture Book Debut". New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
  116. ^ "2014 CJCS Holiday USO Tour". Defense Visual Information Distribution Service. December 6, 2014. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  117. ^ Stack, Sarah. "Meghan Markle: I had to refuse being filmed in just a towel every day". The Irish Independent. Dublin, Ireland: Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014.
  118. ^ "Justin Trudeau welcomes Emma Watson, Bob Geldoff, and other star activists to Parliament Hill". Ottawa.ctvnews.ca. Archived from the original on May 9, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  119. ^ "The Year in USO Entertainment". United Service Organizations. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  120. ^ "A Look Back at Meghan Markle's Pre-Royal Life". E!. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  121. ^ Ruiz, Michelle. "Meet Meghan Markle: Prince Harry's Feminist, Philanthropist, Actress Girlfriend". Vogue. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  122. ^ a b Blair, Olivia (October 31, 2016). "Who is Meghan Markle: The 'Suits' actress, humanitarian, activist and gender equality campaigner". The Independent. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  123. ^ Watkins, Janelle (February 29, 2016). "Meghan Markle 'Suits' Up for Success". Ebony. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  124. ^ "The Duchess of Sussex". The Royal Family. May 18, 2018. Archived from the original on May 20, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  125. ^ Singh, Harmeet (August 7, 2015). "UN Women turn on the light". Strategy Online. Brunico Communications Ltd. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
  126. ^ Furness, Hannah (May 21, 2018). "Meghan Markle to fight for feminism: New Duchess of Sussex given palace blessing to champion women's rights". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  127. ^ Petit, Stephanie (August 12, 2019). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Share Never-Before-Seen Photos with Elephants from 2017 Botswana Trip". People. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  128. ^ Davies, Caroline (September 17, 2018). "Meghan launches Grenfell recipe book in first project as Duchess of Sussex". Archived from the original on January 12, 2019.
  129. ^ Mackintosh, Eliza (September 17, 2018). "Meghan cooks for Grenfell: Duchess announces support for charity cookbook". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  130. ^ Betancourt, Bianca (March 24, 2021). "Duchess Meghan Donates More than $13,000 to U.K. Grassroots Organization Himmah". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  131. ^ Austin, Henry (March 26, 2020). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, to narrate movie about elephants in first post-royal project". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  132. ^ a b Vary, Adam B. (March 26, 2020). "Meghan Markle Narrating Disney Plus Nature Documentary 'Elephants'". Variety. Archived from the original on March 26, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  133. ^ Andrew, Scottie (April 16, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan quietly delivered meals to Los Angeles residents in need". CNN. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  134. ^ "Meghan Markle says being complacent about racism makes 'people complicit' in call following Black Lives Matter protests". The Independent. July 6, 2020.
  135. ^ "Meghan made patron of National Theatre". BBC News. January 10, 2019. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  136. ^ Barry, Ellen (March 8, 2019). "Meghan Markle 'Moved the Dial' for British Royal Family in Women's Day Talk". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  137. ^ Nolasco, Stephanie (October 7, 2019). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle reunite with Prince William, Kate Middleton for mental health PSA". Fox News. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  138. ^ Adam, Karla (July 29, 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, guest-edits British Vogue, revealing women she admires". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  139. ^ Woodyatt, Amy (February 14, 2020). "Meghan wears a glittery party hat in behind-the-scenes footage of Vogue guest editorship". CNN. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  140. ^ Gonzales, Erica (July 30, 2019). "Meghan Markle Is Launching a Collection of Workwear for a Good Cause". Harper's Bazaar. Archived from the original on July 30, 2019. Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  141. ^ Foussianes, Chloe (September 24, 2019). "Meghan Markle's Collection Has Already Provided Her Patronage with a Year's Worth of Clothing". Town and Country. Archived from the original on September 25, 2019. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  142. ^ McCluskey, Megan (February 28, 2018). "Meghan Markle Shines at First Royal Engagement With Prince Harry, Prince William and Kate Middleton". Time. Archived from the original on March 13, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  143. ^ Holden, Michael (February 28, 2018). "Britain's royal 'Fab Four' attend first official event together". Reuters. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  144. ^ Foster, Max; Britton, Bianca (June 20, 2019). "Meghan and Harry split from joint charity with William and Kate". CNN. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  145. ^ Furness, Hannah (June 20, 2019). "Royal charity split: Duke and Duchess of Sussex to leave Royal Foundation". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on June 20, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  146. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have named their royal foundation". Harper's Bazaar. July 19, 2019. Archived from the original on July 29, 2019. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
  147. ^ Young, Julius (February 21, 2020). "Prince Harry, Meghan Markle won't use 'Sussex Royal' after stepping back as senior members of royal family". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  148. ^ Perry, Simon (July 3, 2020). "Meghan Markle and Prince Harry Take Another Formal Step Away from Their Ex-Royal Life". People. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  149. ^ a b Newell, Claire; Rushton, Katherine; Ward, Victoria; Tominey, Camilla (March 5, 2021). "Exclusive: Charity Commission reviewing Prince Harry and Meghan's Sussex Royal organisation". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  150. ^ "Meghan and Harry's Former Charity Didn't Mismanage Funds, Says the U.K. Charity Commission". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  151. ^ "Sussex Royal cleared over claims that it misused charity funds". The Telegraph.
  152. ^ a b Foussianes, Chloe (April 6, 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's New Non-Profit Archewell Has a Sweet Tie to Baby Archie". Town & Country. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  153. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (June 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan's Archewell trademark application rejected". news.com.au. Retrieved October 24, 2020.
  154. ^ Cartwright, Lexie (October 23, 2020). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry launch website for charitable venture Archewell". news.com.au. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
  155. ^ "Meghan: From actress to duchess". BBC. October 15, 2018. Archived from the original on May 23, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  156. ^ a b Russon, Mary-Ann (March 24, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The wellness guru she could have been". BBC. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
  157. ^ Pentelow, Orla (June 19, 2018). "The Duchess Of Sussex: Style File". British Vogue. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
  158. ^ Bayley, Leanne (May 22, 2017). "Meghan Markle chats to GLAMOUR about VB dresses, her personal style & her fashion cringe moments". Glamour UK. Archived from the original on July 13, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  159. ^ a b Ward, Victoria (December 1, 2017). "Scottish family handbag firm feels the 'Meghan effect' as Strathberry orders soar". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  160. ^ a b Friedman, Vanessa (April 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle: The Biggest Influencer of All?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  161. ^ a b Hirsch, Afua; Croft, Claudia (May 18, 2018). "The Meaning Of Meghan". British Vogue. Archived from the original on May 28, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  162. ^ "How to Dress Meghan Markle (Hint: You Probably Can't)". The Business of Fashion. May 16, 2018. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  163. ^ "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". CNBC. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  164. ^ Young, Renita D. (May 25, 2018). "Meghan Markle makes gold sales sparkle". Reuters. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  165. ^ "Royal Family lead Tatler's 2018 best-dressed Brits list". BBC. August 2, 2018. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  166. ^ Morton, Becky (October 17, 2018). "Meghan's maternity and the fashion brands hoping to strike gold". BBC. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  167. ^ "Best Dressed 2018". Net a Porter. Archived from the original on December 30, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  168. ^ Cohen, Jess (June 13, 2018). "Teen Choice Awards 2018: Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Riverdale Among Top Nominees". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  169. ^ Abraham, Tamara (August 23, 2019). "The Duchess of Sussex effect: how Reiss got its mojo back". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 26, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  170. ^ Furness, Hannah (December 10, 2018). "Ruth Davidson named in Time's 100 most influential people of 2018". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 11, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  171. ^ Cramb, Auslan (April 19, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex shortlisted for Time magazine's 'Person of the Year' – along with Trump and Putin". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  172. ^ "The Vogue 25: Meet The Women Shaping 2018". British Vogue. May 31, 2018. Archived from the original on May 31, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  173. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (October 23, 2018). "Duchess of Sussex in Powerlist of top 100 black people in Britain". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  174. ^ "Prince Harry accepts damages over Splash News Agency photos". BBC. May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  175. ^ Picheta, Rob; Foster, Max (May 16, 2019). "Prince Harry accepts 'substantial' damages after helicopter photos forced royal couple from their home". CNN. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  176. ^ "Meghan and Harry's tour ends as Mail on Sunday vows to defend itself in court". BBC. October 2, 2019. Archived from the original on April 3, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
  177. ^ Furness, Hannah (October 2019). "Prince Harry condemns 'ruthless campaign' against Meghan, saying he lost his mother to 'powerful forces' and fears history repeating". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  178. ^ Quinn, Ben (January 21, 2020). "Harry and Meghan legal warning latest twist in royal paparazzi feud". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 21, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  179. ^ Davies, Caroline (October 29, 2019). "Cross-party female MPs condemn UK media's treatment of Meghan". The Guardian. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  180. ^ Moisescu, Cristiana (February 11, 2021). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, wins court case against newspaper". CNN. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  181. ^ Lee, Joseph (May 5, 2021). "Meghan wins remaining copyright claim over father's letter". BBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  182. ^ "Meghan settles case over Archie photos with Splash UK agency". BBC News. December 18, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  183. ^ Gold, Hadas (April 20, 2020). "Meghan and Harry tell four British tabloids they can expect 'zero engagement'". CNN. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  184. ^ "Harry and Meghan: News agency apology over 'drone photos' of son". BBC News. October 8, 2020. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  185. ^ Adam, Karla (March 19, 2021). "Private investigator says he skirted laws to get info on Meghan Markle, sell it to the Sun tabloid". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  186. ^ a b c Low, Valentine (March 2, 2021). "Royal aides reveal Meghan bullying claim before Oprah interview". The Times. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  187. ^ Ward, Victoria (March 3, 2021). "Buckingham Palace to investigate Duchess of Sussex bullying claims". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  188. ^ Ellery, Ben. "Top royal aides face questions on Meghan bullying claims". Times. Times. Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  189. ^ O' Neil, Katie. "Meghan wore earrings gifted by Prince Salman after Jamal Khashoggi was murdered". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  190. ^ Hallemann, Caroline (March 3, 2021). "Meghan Markle Denies Accusations of Bullying Palace Staff". Town & Country. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  191. ^ "Meghan Markle Denies Accusations of Bullying Palace Staff". Town & Country. March 3, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  192. ^ "Meghan and Harry Oprah interview: Diana discussed in teaser clips". BBC News. March 1, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  193. ^ Jones, Zoe Christen; Linton, Caroline (March 7, 2021). "Live Updates: The Harry and Meghan interview with Oprah". www.cbsnews.com. CBS News. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  194. ^ "Global reaction to Harry and Meghan interview pours in". Chicago Sun-Times. Associated Press. March 8, 2021. Archived from the original on March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  195. ^ "Harry and Meghan reject claim Queen not consulted on Lilibet name". The Guardian. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  196. ^ "Meghan Markle & Prince Harry Bristle At "False & Defamatory" BBC Report On Daughter Lilibet's Name". Deadline. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  197. ^ a b "What's in a name? An angry spat between Harry, Meghan and the BBC". Reuters. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  198. ^ a b "Palace frustration over Lilibet name choice is part of wider annoyance over Sussexes' departure". The Telegraph. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  199. ^ "Birth certificate shows baby Archie's birth place and Meghan's job". Sky News. May 17, 2019. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  200. ^ "Royal wedding: Harry and Meghan appointed Baron and Baroness of Kilkeel". Belfast Telegraph. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  201. ^ Fitzmaurice, Rosie (May 19, 2018). "Meghan Markle is officially a Duchess — here's her new title". Business Insider. Archived from the original on May 24, 2018.
  202. ^ "First Duke of Sussex was unlucky in love". BBC News. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  203. ^ "Prince Harry and Ms. Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles". The Royal Family. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on May 19, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  204. ^ "Sussex website". Archived from the original on March 10, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  205. ^ "Harry and Meghan will not use HRH titles – palace". January 18, 2020. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  206. ^ Caroline Davies (January 18, 2020). "Harry and Meghan sought a half-in half-out deal, but are 'out'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2020. Though Harry and Meghan still technically retain their HRH styles, they have agreed they will not use them. They have not been stripped of them, unlike Harry's mother Diana, Princess of Wales following her divorce.
  207. ^ a b c "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex: Coat of Arms". The Royal Family. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  208. ^ a b "Royal Wedding 2018: Meghan Markle coat of arms revealed". BBC. May 29, 2018. Archived from the original on October 14, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  209. ^ "Pacific Ocean features in new royal Markle's Coat of Arms". Reuters. May 25, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  210. ^ McGooran, Cara (November 30, 2017). "Meghan Markle was a Deal or No Deal suitcase model – so what happened to the rest of them?". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018.

External links

Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duchess of Cambridge
Ladies
The Duchess of Sussex
Followed by
Princess Beatrice