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April 17, 1909|
İkinci Şıxlı, Gazakh Rayon, Azerbaijan
March 10, 1965 (aged 55)|
Baku, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
Mehdi Ali oglu Huseynov, famed under the pseudonym Mehdi Huseyn (Azerbaijani: Mehdi Hüseyn) – was an Azerbaijani and Soviet writer and critic, laureate of the State Stalin Prize of the third degree (1950) and member of the All-Union Communist Party since 1941.
Mehdi Huseyn was born on April 4, 1909 in İkinci Şıxlı village of Azerbaijan, into a family of a People's teacher. At the age of seven he went to a village school, where all subjects were taught in Russian. In 1920, he entered a pedagogical technical school. In 1921, he entered Komsomol. In 1930, he graduated from history faculty of Azerbaijan University, and from 1936-1938, studied at scenario faculty of the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography in Moscow.
Mehdi Huseyn wrote his first "Sheering of sheep" narrative in the last year at the secondary school, and it was published in 1926, in Sharg Gadini magazine ("Woman of the East"). Since then creativity of the writer began. His earlier stories describe an Azerbaijani village of post-revolutionary years and a struggle against patriarchal and feudal relations. His works dedicated to the Civil war are stories in "Khaver" and "Spring floods" collections written in 1926-1932, and "Flood" novel (1936). Mehti Huseyn develops a theme of socialistic reconstruction of an Azerbaijani village in "Tarlan" ("Fight"). He is the author of the first historical narrative of Azerbaijan "Commissar" (1942) about Meshadi Azizbekov.
He wrote "Call" narrative and a book of stories called "My motherland" during the Great Patriotic War. His "Absheron" novel (1947) narrates about heroic labor of Azerbaijani oilmen. In its sequel called "Black rocks" (1957), he wrote about Mollayev, whose prototype was M.Baghirov. Historical novel "Morning" (1949-1952) was dedicated to revolutionary struggle of Baku laborers in 1907-1908. In 1966, "Underground waters flow to the ocean" novel was published after his death.
Film-drama "Poet" (1937), "Glory" play (1939) – about a frontline village of Azerbaijan, "Nizami" (1940), "Javanshir" (1945), "Waiting" (1944, together with I.Efendiyev) about loyalty to a civic duty, are the most famous drama works of the author. Mehdi Huseyn is also famed as a critic and publicist. Literary-critical articles about the issues of socialist realism, adoption of a literal heritage of the past, learning of classic Russian literature and works of Russian Soviet writers belong to his pen.
He was the chairman Union of Writers of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, secretary of the USSR Union of Writers, deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR of the 5th convocation and deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union of the 6th convocation.
Mehdi Huseyn died on March 10, 1965 and buried in the Alley of Honor.
A street in Imishli was named after Mehdi Huseyn.
- "Flood" – novel, (1933-1936);
- "Tarlan" – narrative, (1940, translated into Russian as "Fight" in 1956);
- "Commissar" – narrative, (1942, Russian translation 1949);
- "Call" – narrative, (1943);
- "Javanshir", historic narrative, (1945);
- "Daybreak" – narrative, (1950);
- "Absheron" – novel, (1947, Russian translation in 1949);
- "Black rocks" – novel, (1957);
- "Morning" – historic novel, (part 1-2, 1950-1953, Russian translation in 1954);
- "Underground waters flow to the ocean", (1966).
Awards and prizes
The State Stalin Prize of the third degree (1950) – for "Absheron" novel (1947)