Mehmet Eymür (born 1943 in Istanbul) is a retired Turkish intelligence official. In 1995-6 he led the counter-terrorism department of the National Intelligence Organization (MIT), which he joined as a student in 1965 as a "pursuit officer" (Turkish: takip memuru). He was the right-hand man for the MIT deputy undersecretary Hiram Abas.
Eymür is writing a series called Teşkilat ("Organization") about MİT and its Counter-Terrorism Department.
Background and personal life
Eymür was born in Istanbul in 1943, the son of Mazhar Eymür, a leading member of the MİT's predecessor, the National Security Service (MAH). Mazhar Eymür took part in suppressing the Dersim rebellion.
MIT (1965 - 1988)
Eymür joined MIT as a student in 1965 as a "pursuit officer" (Turkish: takip memuru), and was involved in the Ziverbey Villa interrogations after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état, together with Hiram Abas.
Eymür gained fame for taking down numerous gangsters in the 1984 "Godfathers Operation" (Turkish: Babalar Operasyonu) while heading the Smuggling Department, in concert with Atilla Aytek of the police force's smuggling department (Turkish: Emniyet Kaçakçılık ve Harekat Dairesi Başkanı). The operation captured mob bosses including Dündar Kılıç.
He prepared the controversial 1987 MIT Report that accused high ranking civil servants in the police and politicians such as Nevzat Ayaz, Ünal Erkan and Mehmet Ağar of having connections to the mafia. The report was leaked, and published in 2000'e Doğru in January 1988. He was forced to resign on 10 June 1988. The MIT said the report was prepared without proper authorization. His colleague Hiram Abas, who was deputy chief of MIT and also discharged at the time, was critical of Eymür for divulging information.
MIT (1993 - 1999)
After Tansu Çiller became prime minister in mid-1993, Eymür was appointed chief of the MIT's Special Intelligence Department (Turkish: Özel İstihbarat Dairesi) in May 1994. Avni Özgürel of Radikal says that the department was led by Hiram Abas. Next came the Operations Department (Turkish: Operasyon Başkanlığı), where he was deputy chief to Şenkal Atasagun. The two did not get along, so Eymür asked the undersecretary, Sönmez Köksal, for a different position.
Counter-Terrorism Department (1995 - 1996)
According to Eymür, he was at this time introduced to contract killer Mahmut Yıldırım, better known as Yeşil, after Yeşil was moved to Ankara by JİTEM. Eymür said he was then unaware of Yeşil's status as a wanted criminal. Eymür said he used Yeşil in several operations, but only outside Turkey, and that he was never formally an MIT agent. At the Counter-Terrorism Department, Eymür said he almost had the PKK's leader, Abdullah Öcalan, assassinated, but failed due to irresponsible management of fiscal resources and sabotage (external, and inside the agency).
When Mesut Yılmaz replaced Çiller as prime minister in March 1996, he ordered the fifty-person department dissolved. Yılmaz said that the MİT strongly opposed Eymür's gang, and that such illegal activities now take place in the General Directorate of Security (police force) instead. Yılmaz said that the illegal group was loyal to Fethullah Gülen, a notable religious figure. In a testimony to the Susurluk commission investigating the Susurluk scandal, Hanefi Avcı, former chief of the police force's intelligence department, said that Eymür's "gang" was illegal.
Eymür prepared what has come to be known as the Second MİT Report (the first was in 1987), based on the "Askar Simitko, Lazım Esmaeili and Tarık Ümit incident" file from his Counter-Terrorism Department. This report was controversial for being prepared without authorization, and then leaked in September 1996. It was published in Aydınlık on 17 September 1996.
In August 1997 Eymür was assigned to Washington, D.C. as a MİT representative to U.S. intelligence agencies and security firms. He was recalled on 14 August 1998. Eymür returned to Turkey in 1998 to help prepare a report against Şenkal Atasagun, then the undersecretary of the MİT, who had recommended Eymür's dismissal and the dissolution of his Counter-Terrorism Department to Prime Minister Yılmaz in 1997. In October 1998 Eymür was appointed to oversee Turkey's sugar refineries.
Eymür finally left the MİT in 1999, and moved to McLean, Virginia; the seat of the CIA. He says he would entertain offers to consult the CIA as a terrorism expert. In March 2000 he launched a website documenting links between the Turkish state and the Turkish mafia; he faced criminal charges for divulging state secrets.
Since 2008 Eymür has been mentioned numerous times in the Turkish press as being the superior of Tuncay Güney; the mysterious figure, who helped launch the Ergenekon investigation. Eymür vehemently denies any connection.
- Ferhat Ünlü (2001), Eymür'ün aynası: eski MİT yöneticisi anlatıyor, Metis Yayınları
- Talat Turhan, Orhan Gökdemir (1999), Mehmet Eymür: Ziverbey'den Susurluk'a bir MİT'çinin portresi, Sorun Yayınları
- "Mehmet Eymür'den şok iddialar..". Milliyet (in Turkish). 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
- Çelik, Serdar (February–March 1994). "Turkey's Killing Machine: The Contra-Guerrilla Force". Kurdistan Report. 17. Retrieved 2008-09-20. (note: the author—actually Selahattin Çelik—is affiliated with the PKK)
- Beki, Mehmet Akif (1997-01-17). "Whose gang is this?". Turkish Daily News. Archived from the original on 2008-11-14.
Mehmet Eymur, the present branch chairman of the counterespionage department in the MIT, was amongst Hiram Abas' team.
- Denker, Sema (2007-01-24). "Teşkilat'in Sırları". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- Ünlü, Ferhat (2007-07-19). "MİT'te iç çekişme entrikaya yol açtı". Sabah (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
Mazhar Eymür de bir subaydı ve cumhuriyetin ilk yıllarında Dersim isyanının bastırılmasında rol almıştı.
- "MİT'i sarsacak suçlama". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 1998-08-24. Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- Eymür, Mehmet (2008-10-25). "Hukuk Mücadelem". Anadolu Türk Interneti (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- "State gangs are being cleaned out". Turkish Daily News. 1998-08-25. Archived from the original on 2008-11-14.
- "Necati, Yılmaz Güney'in MİT'teki köstebeğiydi". Sabah (in Turkish). 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- Milliyet, 1 December 2011, MİT'le özdeşleşen isim
- Haberturk, 30 November 2011, Mehmet Eymür'ün inişli-çıkışlı öyküsü
- Mercan, Faruk (2000-04-12). "Özel Dostalar/Mehmet Eymür-İstihbaratçının dava dosyası". Zaman (in Turkish). Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- Hurriyet Daily News, 1 February 1998, The Susurluk Report Produces a Mouse
- Şenkal Demir, Sedef (2008-08-13). "Ergenekon dosyasındaki 15 MİT raporu sahte çıktı". Gazeteport (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-09-24.
Müsteşarlığımıza atfedilen 1987 tarihli MİT Raporu şeklinde bir belgeye kayıtlarımızda rastlanmadığı, ancak raporun, eski mensubumuz Mehmet Eymür tarafından, Teşkilat metot ve prensiplerine aykırı olarak ve hiyerarşik yapı içerisinde hiç bir emir ve izne dayanmaksızın hazırlanan 1987 tarihli etüt olduğunun değerlendirildiği...
- Ünlü, Ferhat (2007-07-16). "'Abas: Başımıza ne geldiyse geveze Mehmet yüzünden geldi'". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-18.
Başımıza ne geldiyse bu geveze Mehmet'in (Eymür) yüzünden geldi.
- Today's Zaman, 7 December 2011, Former MİT official Eymür puts blame on former police chief Ağar for extrajudicial killings Archived 30 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Kılıç, Ecevit (2008-12-01). "Kontr-Terör'ün resmi kaydı yok". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- Akiner, Tolga (2008-11-27). "Güney, Mehmet Eymür’ün elemanı mı?". Radikal (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Yılmaz, Meltem (2008-11-28). "Yasadışı oluşum Emniyet'e kaydı". Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- Today's Zaman, 2 December 2011, MİT official says he ‘knows much’ about past atrocities
- "Eymür: Deniz Feneri case retaliation for Ergenekon probe". Today's Zaman. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- Mercan, Faruk (2004-09-06). "Asala operasyonlarını Kenan Evren'in kızı yönetti". Aksiyon (in Turkish). Feza Gazetecilik A.Ş. 509. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- Gurel, Soner (2008-11-28). "İşte Kontrterör’ün tartışmalı tarihi". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- "MİT, Eymür için 'başına buyruk' dedi". Gazeteport (in Turkish). 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- Hurriyet Daily News, 3 October 1998, Former senior MIT director to work in sugar refineries
- Atar, Ersan; Sik, Barsin (2000-05-23). "Eymur'un acik adresi elcilikte". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- Suzal, Savaş (2000-03-11). "Eymür: Teklif edilse CIA'de çalışabilirim". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-17.
- Zaman, Amberin (2000-08-19). "Ex-Spy Spins Web of Collusion in Turkey's War Against Kurds". Los Angeles Times. p. A-2. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
- Eymür, Mehmet (2008-12-02). "İstihbarat Uzmanları". Anadolu Türk Interneti (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-12-03.
- Personal Web site: Anadolu Türk İnterneti (in Turkish)