Mehr Chand Mahajan
|Mehr Chand Mahajan|
|3rd Chief Justice of India|
4 January 1954 – 22 December 1954
|Appointed by||Rajendra Prasad|
|Preceded by||M. Patanjali Sastri|
|Succeeded by||Bijan Kumar Mukherjea|
|1st Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir|
15 October 1947 – 5 March 1948
|Preceded by||Janak Singh|
|Succeeded by||Sheikh Abdullah|
23 December 1889|
Kangra, Punjab, British India
(now in Himachal Pradesh, India)
Mehr Chand Mahajan (born 23 December 1889, Tika Nagrota, Kangra district–1967) was the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India. Prior to that he was the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir during the reign of Maharaja Hari Singh and played a key role in the accession of J&K to India. He was the Indian National Congress nominee on the Radcliff Commission that defined the boundaries of India and Pakistan.
After completing middle school, Mahajan went to study in the Government College, Lahore, graduating in 1910. He enrolled in M.Sc. Chemistry, but switched to law following persuasion from his father. He earned an LL.B. degree in 1912.
Career as a lawyer
Mahajan started his career as a lawyer in 1913 in Dharamsala, where he spent a year practising. He spent the next four years (1914-1918) as a lawyer in Gurdaspur. He then practiced law in Lahore from 1918 to 1943. During his time there, he served as president of the High Court Bar Association of Lahore (1938 to 1943).
Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
Mahajan was Prime Minister of J&K during 1947 and played a role in the accession of the state to India. He was the one who turned down the offer of district Lahore and instead annexed district Gurdaspur to India.
Chief Justice, Supreme Court of India
Mahajan took office as the third Chief Justice of India on 4 January 1954. He was the head of India's judicial system for almost a year, until his retirement on 22 December 1954 (mandatory retirement at age 65). Before becoming Chief Justice he served as one of the first Judges of the Supreme Court of independent India from 4 October 1948 to 3 January 1954.
Other positions of note
- Director, Punjab National Bank, 1933–43
- Pres. D.A.V. College, Managing Committee, 1938–43
- Fellow and Syndic, Punjab University, 1940–47
- Judge, Lahore High Court, 1943
- All India Fruit Products Association Bombay Session, 1945
- Member, R.I.N. Mutiny Commission, 1946
- 1947 Prime Minister, Jammu and Kashmir State 1947-48
- Judge, East Punjab High Court
- Punjab Boundary Commission, 1947
- Syndic, East Punjab University, 1947–50
- Constitutional Adviser to His Highness the Maharaja of Bikaner, 1948
- Hon. Degree of LL.D., Punjab University; 1948
- Member, Fruit Development Board, Punjab
- Commission on Belgaum (dispute between Karnataka and Maharashtra), 1967
- Ravi Rohmetra, Mehr Chand Mahajan as PM of J&K, Daily Excelsior, 23 December 2016.
|Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
M. Patanjali Sastri
|Chief Justice of India
3 January 1954 – 22 December 1954
Bijan Kumar Mukherjea
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