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Location of district in Gujarat
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||GJ -2|
Mehsana district (alternate spelling "Mahesana") is one of the 33 districts of Gujarat state in western India. Mehsana city is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district has a population of over 1.8 million and an area of over 4,500 km². There are over 600 villages in this district. It had a population of 1,837,892 of which 22.40% were urban as of 2001.
Mehsaji Chavda, a Rajput and an heir of Chavda dynasty, established Mehsana. He constructed the Toran (arc gate) of city and a temple dedicated to Goddess Toran in Vikram Samvat 1414, Bhadrapad Sud 10 (1358 AD). It is described by Jaisinh Brahmbhatt in poems of 1932 AD. It is also corroborated by Manilal Nyalchand, an author of Pragat Prabhavi Parshvanath of Samvat 1879. He also refers that Mehsaji built the temple dedicated to Chamunda. It inconclusively establishes that the town was founded during Rajput period. Another legend says that Mehsaji established it in Vikram Samvat 1375 (1319 AD).
Gaekwads conquered Baroda and established Baroda State. They expanded their rule in north Gujarat and established Patan as its administrative headquarters. Later the headquarters was moved to Kadi and subsequently to Mehsana in 1902. This northern area under Baroda was divided in 8 mahals. Gaekwad also connected the city by Baroda State railway which was opened on 21 March 1887. Sayajirao Gaekwad III built a palace known as Rajmahal in Vikram Samvat 1956 for his son Fatehsinhrao. It is now used as a district court.
Baroda state was merged with India after independence in 1947. It was included in Bombay state. Later became part of Gujarat in 1960 after partition of Bombay state into Gujarat and Maharashtra. Now Mehsana is a standalone district in north Gujarat.
There are 7 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Kheralu, Unjha, Visnagar, Becharaji, Kadi, Mahesana and Vijapur. Kheralu is part of Patan Lok Sabha constituency and rest are part of Mahesana Lok Sabha constituency.
According to the 2011 census Mehsana district has a population of 2,027,727, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 229th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.91%. Mehsana has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 84.26%.
Mehsana district consists 10 talukas: Becharaji, Kadi, Kheralu, Mahesana, Vadnagar, Vijapur, Visnagar, Satlasana, Jotana, and Unjha. Populations as of 2011 were as follows:
Engineering colleges in Mehsana district:
- Sankalchand Patel College of Engineering, Visnagar, Mehsana
- Saffrony Institute of Technology, Linch, Mehsana
- U.V. Patel College of Engineering, Ganpat University, Kherva, Mehsana
- Unjha Engineering College
- L.C.I.T Institute of Technology, Bhandu
- Marchant Institute of Technology, Basna, Mehsana
- Government Engineering College, Katpur
- Sardar Patel Institute of Technology, Piludara, Mehsana
- Gujarat Power Energy Institute of Technology, Mevad, Mehsana
Pharmacy colleges in Mehsana district:
- S.V. Institute of Management, Kadi, Mehsana
- S.K. Pharmaceutical college of education and research, Ganpat University, Kherva, Mehsana (Also has M.Pharma)
- Saffrony Institute, Linch, Mehsana
- Pharmacy college in Bechraji, Mehsana
- Pharmacy college in Modasa, Dist-Mehsana
Science colleges in Mehsana district:
- Mehsana Urban Institute of Sciences, Ganpat University, Kherwa (Second largest science college in North Gujarat)
- Nooran Sciences College, Sakalchand university, Ganj bazar, Visnagar(first science college in North Gujarat)
- Mehsana Urban Science College, Nagalpur, H.N.G.U University
- Census Data Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Mehsana - History". NRI Division. Government of Gujarat. 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "History". Government of Gujarat. Mehsana District Panchayat. 17 July 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Mehsana Nagarpalika, Mehsana". WMehsana Nagarpalika (in Gujarati). Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- S. B. Rajyagor, ed. (1975). Gujarat State Gazetteers: Mehsana District. Gujarat State Gazetteers. 5. Directorate of Government Print., Stationery and Publications, Government of Gujarat. pp. 1, 805–806.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Mexico - 2,059,179
- "Mahesana District". indikosh.com.