||This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. (October 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The Meisner technique is often confused with "method" acting taught by Lee Strasberg, since both developed from the early teachings of Constantin Stanislavski. The focus of the Meisner approach is for the actor to "get out of their head," such as that the actor is behaving instinctively to the surrounding environment. To this end, some exercises for the Meisner technique are rooted in repetition so that the words are deemed insignificant compared to the underlying emotion. In the Meisner technique, there is a greater focus on the other actor as opposed to one's internal thoughts or feelings associated to the prescribed character.
Meisner Training is an interdependent series of training exercises that build on one another. The more complex work supports a command of dramatic text. Students work on a series of progressively complex exercises to develop an ability to first improvise, then to access an emotional life, and finally to bring the spontaneity of improvisation and the richness of personal response to textual work. The techniques developed the behavioral strand of Stanislavski's. The technique is used to develop improvisation skills as well as "interpreting a script, and creating the specific physical characteristics of each character the actor played".
An example of a technique Meisner invented to train actors' responses is called the Repetition Exercise:
"In this exercise, two actors sit across from each other and respond to each other through a repeated phrase. The phrase is about each other's behavior, and reflects what is going on between them in the moment, such as "You look unhappy with me right now." The way this phrase is said as it is repeated changes in meaning, tone and intensity to correspond with the behavior that each actor produces towards the other. Through this device, the actor stops thinking of what to say and do, and responds more freely and spontaneously, both physically and vocally.The exercise also eliminates line readings, since the way the actor speaks becomes coordinated with his behavioral response."
"To be an interesting actor – hell, to be an interesting human being – you must be authentic and for you to be authentic you must embrace who you really are, warts and all. Do you have any idea how liberating it is to not care what people think about you? Well, that's what we're here to do." — Sanford Meisner
Meisner developed this technique after working with Lee Strasberg and Stella Adler at the Group Theatre and while working as head of the acting program at New York City's Neighborhood Playhouse. He continued its refinement for fifty years.
"In 1935, Sanford Meisner, one of the founding members of The Group Theatre (along with Stella Adler, Bobby Lewis, Harold Clurman, and Lee Strasberg), joined the faculty of The Neighborhood Playhouse. Over the years, he developed and refined what is now known as the Meisner Technique, a step-by-step procedure of self-investigation for the actor now globally recognized and among the foremost of modern acting techniques."
"Meisner believed that the study of the actor's craft was rooted in acquiring a solid organic acting technique. It was a cornerstone of his teaching that this learning process occur not in a theoretical, abstract manner, but in the practical give and take of the classroom, where as he once said, "the students struggled to learn what I struggled to teach." Through that struggle the gifted student, over time gradually begins to emerge solidly in his or her work."
In 1980, a group of his alumni got together to preserve his teachings for future generations. Sydney Pollack directed a master class taught by Sanford Meisner. It was transferred to digital film in 2006. The Sanford Meisner Master Class is the only video record of Sanford himself teaching students.
Practitioners of Meisner
The William Esper Studio was founded in 1965 as a school for the performing arts in Manhattan, New York. The school is considered an internationally recognized authority on the acting technique of Sanford Meisner. Its founder, William "Bill" Esper (1932—), is often referred to as the best-known of Meisner's first generation teachers, and his most "authentic protege".
From 1987 till his death, Robert Carnegie of the Famous Playhouse West in North Hollywood had the honor of being trained by Mr Meisner and continues to train and develop the future generations of Meisner actors at his studio.
Tania Badiyi, who introduced Meisner to Bob Carnegie in 1987, also trained under Meisner and is one of the few pure Meisner technique teachers working with students now in New York City at Studio 4 – James Franco's Film School.
Sebastián Ligarde has been teaching acting at Taller de Actuación Sebastián Ligarde since 2006 in Miami. He trains actors in film acting. After 35 years as an actor he now enjoys his own acting academy and has, for now, retired from acting.
Javier Galitó-Cava started his JGC's Meisner Technique Program in San Francisco, California after being trained by Rachael Adler, pupil of Sanford Meisner. In 2007 he stablished his Conservatory Program in Barcelona, Spain where he continues to train Actors from all over the world. His Program is known for the rigor and discipline with which it forms its Actors and the importance placed on values that keep the Arts and the Artists involved in their communities and with the world at large. He continues to teach in New York, Barcelona, Madrid, Rome, San Francisco, Los Angeles and occasionally in London, Berlin, Helsinki and Amsterdam. He recently started his new full immersion program in West Cornwell, CT.
Joanne Baron is known for her dedication to the work of Sanford Meisner and is a teacher of the Meisner Technique. She owns the Baron Brown Studio and trained with Neighborhood Playhouse alum and master Meisner teacher, William Esper, who founded the MFA and BFA Professional Actor Training Programs at Rutgers University.
The Taylor School of Acting (formerly called The Sanford Meisner Studio) in Burbank CA is the only school that still works with the Meisner Estate. Alex Taylor has won 4 years in a row, The Best Acting Coach in all of Los Angeles. Backstage magazine also named The Taylor School of Acting one of the top 5 acting schools to study at in Los Angeles.
The Sanford Meisner Center, headed by Martin Barter, was the last school that Sanford Meisner worked with until his death in 1997. Martin Barter oversees the teaching of the final version of Sandy's technique both in Seattle, WA and Burbank, CA.
List of Meisner-trained actors
||This list about a living person needs additional citations for verification. (June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Sydney Pollack and Charles E. Conrad served as Meisner's senior assistants. A number of directors also studied with him, among them Sidney Lumet and John Frankenheimer, and writers such as Arthur Miller and David Mamet.
Actors who have trained in the Meisner technique include:
- Aaron Eckhart
- Alec Baldwin
- Alexandra Daddario
- Amanda Setton
- Amy Schumer
- Bob Fosse
- Christoph Waltz
- Christopher Lloyd
- Christopher Meloni
- Connie Britton
- David Duchovny
- Diane Keaton
- Dylan McDermott
- Eileen Fulton
- Eli Wallach
- Emory Cohen
- Geraldine Page
- Grace Kelly
- Gregory Peck
- Hannah New
- Illeana Douglas
- Jack Lord
- James Caan
- James Doohan
- James Franco
- James Gandolfini
- Jeff Bridges
- Jeff Goldblum
- Jennifer Sky
- Jessica Walter
- John Turturro
- Jon Voight
- Karl Urban
- Keiko Agena
- Lee Grant
- Leslie Nielsen
- Louise Lasser
- Manu Tupou
- Maria Pitillo
- Mark Rydell
- Mary Steenburgen
- Michael K. Williams
- Michelle Meyrink
- Michelle Pfeiffer
- Naomi Watts
- Nestor Carbonell
- Noah Emmerich
- Paul Sorvino
- Peter Falk
- Renee O'Connor
- Robert Duvall
- Roger Bart
- Sandra Peabody
- Scott Caan
- Sean Astin
- Sherie Rene Scott
- Stephen Colbert
- Steve McQueen
- Sydney Pollack
- Tatiana Maslany
- Tina Fey
- Tom Cruise
- Tony Randall
- Ty Burrell
- Wil Wheaton
- Foster, Hirsch (2000). Actors and Acting (Hardcover ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521669597. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "About the Meisner Acting Technique". Robert Epstein's Acting Studio. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- Jarrett, Jim. "The Meisner Technique". Meisner Technique Studio. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "About Us". Neighborhood Playhouse. Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "About William Esper". The William Esper Studio. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "The Actor's Art and Craft (review)" (PDF). Project Muse. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Schiffman, J. (2010-7-15): Hey Teach, Backstage. Retrieved 2010-9-25.
- Smart, Jack. "Readers' Choice L.A.: Alex Taylor on Meisner, Authenticity, and Believing in Yourself". Backstage. Backstage LLC. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Obituaries". Backstage.com. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
- McCULLOH, T. H. (1996-05-30). "Sanford Meisner Center Adopts 'Think-Tank' Role". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
- Wallace, Chris (June 2014). "Alexandra Daddario". Interview. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
- "Between Takes at CBS - Amanda Setton". CBS. Retrieved 2013-10-29.
- "Amy Schumer Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
- "Christoph Waltz - Dill Pickle". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
- Itzkoff, Dave (19 June 2013). "James Gandolfini Is Dead at 51; a Complex Mob Boss in 'Sopranos'". The New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved 19 June 2013."Mr. Gandolfini, who had studied the Meisner technique of acting for two years, said that he used it to focus his anger and incorporate it into his performances."
- Urban, Karl. "Actor Biography" (PDF). Johnson & Laird. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "Gilmore Guys: A Gilmore Girls Podcast - Gilmore Gabs - Keiko Agena".
- "Keiko Agena". Buddy TV. Buddy TV. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- Resume: Pitillo, Maria - Innovative Artists
- "Actorium - Meet Us". Actorium. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/n/nestorcarb691894.html. Retrieved October 23, 2016. Missing or empty
- "Sandra Peabody - Acting, TV/Film". Lakewood Center of the Arts. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
- "Stephen Colbert shmoozes about family deaths". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
- "Conversations with Tatiana Maslany of ORPHAN BLACK". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
- Wheaton, Wil. "in which i remember to keep it simple". Wil Wheaton dot Net. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.
- Courtney, C. C. 2000. "The Neighborhood Playhouse." In Krasner (2000b, 291-295).
- Hirsch, Foster. 2000. "Actors and Acting." In Wilmeth and Bigsby (2000, 490-513).
- Hodge, Alison, ed. 2000. Twentieth Century Actor Training. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-19452-0.
- Kraner, David. 2000a. "Strasberg, Adler and Meisner: Method Acting." In Hodge (2000, 129-150).
- ---, ed. 2000b. Method Acting Reconsidered: Theory, Practice, Future. New York: St. Martin's P. ISBN 978-0-312-22309-0.
- Longwell, Dennis, and Sanford Meisner. 1987. Sanford Meisner on Acting. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-394-75059-0.
- Postlewait, Thomas. 1998. "Meisner, Sanford." In Banham (1998, 719).
- Silverberg, Larry. 1994. The Sanford Meisner Approach: An Actor's Workbook. Workbook One. New Hampshire: Smith and Kraus. ISBN 978-1-880399-77-4.
- Wilmeth, Don B, and Christopher Bigsby, eds. 2000. The Cambridge History of American Theatre. Vol 3. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP. ISBN 978-0-521-66959-7.