Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

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Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
1000 series EMU
A Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" EMU on a limited express service
Overview
Other name(s) Nagoya Line
Native name 名鉄名古屋本線
Type Commuter rail
Locale Aichi
Gifu
Termini Toyohashi
Meitetsu Gifu
Stations 60
Daily ridership 221,098[1] (2008)
Operation
Opened 1 September 1944 (1944-09-01) (as it is today)[2]
Owner Meitetsu
Technical
Line length 99.8 km (62.01 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification Overhead catenary 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Nagoya Main Line



Tokaido Main Line
Tokaido Shinkansen
Toyohashi Railway Atsumi LineRight
Shin-Toyohashi
LeftToyohashi Railway Azumada Main Line
0.0 Toyohashi
Shimin-Byōin-mae
Toyohashi depot
JR-C: UpTōkaidō ShinkansenRight
JR-F: Toyohashi ORS
Funamachi
Toyokawa
Shimoji
Toyokawa
(3.8) Hirai S.B.
Nishi-Kozakai
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
DownLeftJR-C: Iida Line
LeftKozakai Branch Line ja
LeftKozakai
5.0 Ina
6.6 Odabuchi
Toyokawa-Inari
LeftToyokawa LineDown
9.6
10.7 Goyu
12.5 Meiden-Akasaka
15.0 Meiden-Nagasawa
18.7 Motojuku
20.4 Meiden Yamanaka
(21.0) Maiki S.B.
Maiki depot
23.1 Fujikawa
25.6 Miai
27.6 Otogawa
29.8 Higashi-Okazaki
LeftOkazaki City Line jaRight
old Okazakikōen-mae
31.1 Okazakikōen-mae
Naka-Okazaki
LeftAikan: Aichi Loop LineRight
Yahagi River
32.5 Yahagibashi
34.8 Utō
Gamagōri
Gamagōri LineUp
Kira-Yoshida
Nishio LineRight
38.3 Shin-Anjō
40.9 Ushida
Chiryū S.B.
Hekinan
Nishi-Nakagane
Sanage
Toyota-shi
freight bypass
Higashi-Chiryū
LeftMikawa-Chiryū
43.1 Chiryū
Mikawa LineRight
44.6 Hitotsugi
46.6 Fujimatsu
Toyoake depot
48.1 Toyoake
49.8 Zengo
51.4 Chūkyō-keibajō-mae
52.7 Arimatsu
53.8 Sakyōyama
Narumi depot
55.1 Narumi
56.7 Moto-Hoshizaki
LeftNagoya City Tramway: Kasamatsu ExtensionRight
58.2 Moto-Kasadera
58.9 Sakura
59.9 Yobitsugi
Yamazaki River
LeftSubway: Meijō LineDown
Myōon-dōri
61.1 HoritaHorita
DownUpTokaido Main Line
DownTokoname, Airport, and
DownKōwa, Chita New linesRight
62.2 Jingū-mae
DownNagoya City Tramway: Atsuta LineRight
Atsuta
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
LeftChuo Main Line
Kanayamabashi
LeftNagoya City Tramway Atsuta LineUp
64.4 Kanayama
UpSubway: Meikō LineRight
LeftSubway: Meijō Line
Horikawa
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
Otōbashi
Nagoya City TramwayUpDown
DownJR-F: Nagoyakō LineRight
DownTokaido ShinkansenRight
JR-C: Sannō S.B.
66.0 Sannō
canal
JR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenUpDown
DownKansai Main LineRight
Aonami LineRight
Yanagibashi
Kintetsu Nagoya LineRight
LeftDownSubway: Higashiyama Line
RightKintetsu Nagoya
68.0 LeftMeitetsu Nagoya
Nagoya(LeftSubway/JR-CRight)
LeftSakuradōri LineRight
UpSubway; Higashiyama LineRight
Oshikirimachi
69.9 Sakō
JR-C Nagoya depot
70.7 Higashi-Biwajima
Shōnai River
(71.3) Biwajima Junction
DownLeftInuyama Line
Shin-Unuma
71.6 Nishi-Biwajima
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō Main LineRightUp
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenRightUp
72.2 Futatsuiri
72.8 Shinkawabashi
Shinkawa depot
73.5 Sukaguchi
Tsushima LineRight
Bisai LineUpDown
74.3 Marunouchi
LeftKiyosu Line ja
Kiyosumachi
75.2 Shin-Kiyosu
UpLeftTokaido ShinkansenRight
77.5 Ōsato
78.8 Okuda
80.9 Kōnomiya
82.9 Shima-Ujinaga
UpLeftTokaido Main Line
84.7 Myōkōji
Bisai LineRightUp
LeftLeftHigashi-Ichinomiya
LeftIchinomiya Line ja
86.4 Meitetsu Ichinomiya
LeftJR-C: Owari-Ichinomiya
Bisai LineRightDown/Okoshi Line ja
88.3 Imaise/Tamanoi
89.2 Iwato
91.2 Shin-Kisogawa
Kisogawa/Kisogawabashi
92.1 Kuroda
LeftTokaido Main Line
93.9 Kisogawa-zutsumi/Kisogawa-kō
UpAichi Prefecture
Kiso River
DownGifu Prefecture
Higashi-Kasamatsu
Shin-Hashima
Hashima LineRight
Takehana LineRight
95.1 Kasamatsu
96.9 Ginan
Sakai River
Shimokawate
Chajo depot
98.3 Chajo
98.7 Kanō
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
JR-C: LeftTakayama Main Line
Gifu
Gifu-Ekimae
99.8 Meitetsu Gifu
LeftMeitetsu Kakamigahara Line
DownGifu City Line ja
3500 series EMU on a commuter service

The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line (名鉄名古屋本線, Meitetsu Nagoya Honsen) or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu Station in Gifu.

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept manaca, a smart card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Basic data[edit]

  • Distance: 99.8 km (approx. 62.0 mi.)
  • Stations: 60
  • Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Track:
    • Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama
    • Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Meitetsu Gifu
    • Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box (A shared track with JR Iida Line, virtually double-tracked)
  • Electric supply: 1,500 V DC
  • Block system: Automatic
  • Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h (85 km/h between Toyohashi and Hirai Signal Box.)

Service patterns[edit]

L: Local (普通, Futsū)
SE: Semi Express (準急, Junkyū)
EX: Express (急行, Kyūkō)
RE: Rapid Express (快速急行, Kaisoku Kyūkō)
LE: Limited Express (特急, Tokkyū)
RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急, Kaisoku Tokkyū)
MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ, Myū Sukai)

Stations[edit]

For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram. Trains stop at stations marked "●" and pass stations marked "|".

Some trains stop at stations indicated by "▲". At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop (which is marked "τ"). For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.

No. Station Japanese Local Semi

Express

Express Rapid

Express

Limited

Express

Rapid

Express

μSKY

Limited Express

Location
NH01 Toyohashi 豊橋 No service To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
Toyohashi Aichi
N/A Hirai Junction 平井信号場 No passengers No passengers
NH02 Ina 伊奈 Toyokawa
NH03 Odabuchi 小田渕 | | | |
NH04 国府
NH05 Goyu 御油 | | | |
NH06 Meiden-Akasaka 名電赤坂 | | | |
NH07 Meiden-Nagasawa 名電長沢 | | | |
NH08 Motojuku 本宿 Okazaki
NH09 Meiden Yamanaka 名電山中 | | | |
N/A Maiki Juction 舞木信号場 No passengers No passengers
NH10 Fujikawa 藤川 | | |
NH11 Miai 美合
NH12 Otogawa 男川 | |
NH13 Higashi-Okazaki 東岡崎
NH14 Okazakikōen-mae 岡崎公園前 | |
NH15 Yahagibashi 矢作橋 | |
NH16 Utō 宇頭  | |
NH17 Shin-Anjō 新安城 | Anjō
NH18 Ushida 牛田 | | | Chiryū
NH19 Chiryū 知立
NH20 Hitotsugi 一ツ木 | | | | Kariya
NH21 Fujimatsu 藤松 | | | |
NH22 Toyoake 豊明 | | Toyoake
NH23 Zengo 前後 | |
NH24 Chūkyō-keibajō-mae 中京競馬場前 | | Midori, Nagoya
NH25 Arimatsu 有松 | |
NH26 Sakyōyama 左京山 | | |
NH27 Narumi 鳴海 |
NH28 Moto-Hoshizaki 本星崎 | | | | Minami, Nagoya
NH29 Moto-Kasadera 本笠寺 | | |
NH30 Sakura | | | |
NH31 Yobitsugi 呼続 | | | |
NH32 Horita 堀田 | | Mizuho, Nagoya
NH33 Jingū-mae 神宮前 Atsuta, Nagoya
NH34 Kanayama 金山 Naka, Nagoya
NH35 Sannō 山王 | | | | | | Nakagawa, Nagoya
NH36 Meitetsu-Nagoya 名鉄名古屋 Nakamura, Nagoya
NH37 Sakō 栄生 | | | | Nishi, Nagoya
NH38 Higashi-Biwajima 東枇杷島 | | | | | |
N/A Biwajima Junction 枇杷島分岐点 No passengers Kiyosu
NH39 Nishi-Biwajima 西枇杷島 | | | | | |
NH40 Futatsuiri 二ツ杁 | | | |
NH41 Shinkawabashi 新川橋 | | | | | |
NH42 Sukaguchi 須ヶ口 τ | |
NH43 Marunouchi 丸ノ内 | | | | | |
NH44 Shin-Kiyosu 新清州 | | |
NH45 Ōsato 大里 | | | Inazawa
NH46 Okuda 奥田 | | | | | |
NH47 Kōnomiya 国府宮
NH48 Shima-Ujinaga 島氏永 | | | | | |
NH49 Myōkōji 妙興寺 | | | | | | Ichinomiya
NH50 Meitetsu Ichinomiya 名鉄一宮
NH51 Imaise 今伊勢 | | | | | |
NH52 Iwato 石刀 | | | | | |
NH53 Shin-Kisogawa 新木曽川 |
NH54 Kuroda 黒田 | | | | | |
NH55 Kisogawa-zutsumi 木曽川堤 | | | | | |
NH56 Kasamatsu 笠松 | Kasamatsu, Hashima Gifu
NH57 Ginan 岐南 | | | | | | Ginan, Hashima
NH58 Chajo 茶所 | | | | | | Gifu
NH59 Kanō 加納 | | | | | |
NH60 Meitetsu Gifu 名鉄岐阜
1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: Some trains of Takehana Line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Gifu.

History[edit]

Four different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.

  • The Nagoya Electric Railway opened the Ōshikirichō to Marunouchi section (Ichinomiya, Tsushima, Kiyosu Line), dual track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Transferred to Nagoya Railway (old) in 1921.
  • The Bisai Railway opened the Kōnomiya to Ichinomiya section (Nakamura Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1924. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1925 (changes name to Kōnomiya Branch Line).
  • The Mino Electric Railway opened the Kasamatsu to Gifu section (Kasamatsu Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1930, and the company changed its name to Meigi Railway.

The Marunouchi to Kōnomiya section was opened by the Nagoya Railway in 1928, the Ichinomiya to Kasamatsu section was opened by the Meigi Railway in 1935, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kanō. Meanwhile, the Aichi Electric Railway opened the Jingu-mae to Arimatsu section in 1917 (Arimatsu Line), electrified at 600 V DC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1927 (becoming the Toyohashi Line). The Narumi to Yahagibashi section was double-tracked in 1924, and by 1935, the line was double-tracked from Horita to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1925.

In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway merged with Meigi Railway, and the company changed its name to Nagoya Railroad. The Jingū-mae to Horita section was double-tracked in 1942, and in 1944, the Nagoya to Jingū-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, although through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya to Gifu section had been increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948. The line was renamed the Nagoya Main Line.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Marunouchi Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 1 km line to Kiyosu-Chō, electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, and the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1,500 V DC.
  • Ichinomiya Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 7 km line electrified at 600 V DC from Iwakura on its Inuyama Line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948, and the line closed in 1965.
  • Gifu Station: Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system (which itself closed in 2005):

The Mino Electric Railway opened an 18 km 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11 km 1,067 mm gauge branch from Kurono (5 km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 V DC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.

The Nagara Light Railway opened a 5 km 1,067 mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915, and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 V DC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. ^ 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  2. ^ 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 3, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]