Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line

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Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
1000 series EMU
A Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" EMU on a limited express service
Overview
Other name(s) Nagoya Line
Native name 名鉄名古屋本線
Type Commuter rail
Locale Aichi
Gifu
Termini Toyohashi
Meitetsu Gifu
Stations 60
Daily ridership 221,098[1] (2008)
Operation
Opened 1 September 1944 (1944-09-01) (as it is today)[2]
Owner Meitetsu
Technical
Line length 99.8 km (62.01 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification Overhead catenary 1,500 V DC
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Nagoya Main Line



Tokaido Main Line
Tokaido Shinkansen
Toyohashi Railway Atsumi LineRight
Shin-Toyohashi
LeftToyohashi Railway Azumada Main Line
0.0 Toyohashi
Shimin-Byōin-mae
Toyohashi depot
JR-C: UpTōkaidō ShinkansenRight
JR-F: Toyohashi ORS
Funamachi
Toyokawa
Shimoji
Toyokawa
(3.8) Hirai S.B.
Nishi-Kozakai
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
DownLeftJR-C: Iida Line
LeftKozakai Branch Line ja
LeftKozakai
5.0 Ina
6.6 Odabuchi
Toyokawa-Inari
LeftToyokawa LineDown
9.6
10.7 Goyu
12.5 Meiden-Akasaka
15.0 Meiden-Nagasawa
18.7 Motojuku
20.4 Meiden Yamanaka
(21.0) Maiki S.B.
Maiki depot
23.1 Fujikawa
25.6 Miai
27.6 Otogawa
29.8 Higashi-Okazaki
LeftOkazaki City Line jaRight
old Okazakikōen-mae
31.1 Okazakikōen-mae
Naka-Okazaki
LeftAikan: Aichi Loop LineRight
Yahagi River
32.5 Yahagibashi
34.8 Utō
Gamagōri
Gamagōri LineUp
Kira-Yoshida
Nishio LineRight
38.3 Shin-Anjō
40.9 Ushida
Chiryū S.B.
Hekinan
Nishi-Nakagane
Sanage
Toyota-shi
freight bypass
Higashi-Chiryū
LeftMikawa-Chiryū
43.1 Chiryū
Mikawa LineRight
44.6 Hitotsugi
46.6 Fujimatsu
Toyoake depot
48.1 Toyoake
49.8 Zengo
51.4 Chūkyō-keibajō-mae
52.7 Arimatsu
53.8 Sakyōyama
Narumi depot
55.1 Narumi
56.7 Moto-Hoshizaki
LeftNagoya City Tramway: Kasamatsu ExtensionRight
58.2 Moto-Kasadera
58.9 Sakura
59.9 Yobitsugi
Yamazaki River
LeftSubway: Meijō LineDown
Myōon-dōri
61.1 HoritaHorita
DownUpTokaido Main Line
DownTokoname, Airport, and
DownKōwa, Chita New linesRight
62.2 Jingū-mae
DownNagoya City Tramway: Atsuta LineRight
Atsuta
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
LeftChuo Main Line
Kanayamabashi
LeftNagoya City Tramway Atsuta LineUp
64.4 Kanayama
UpSubway: Meikō LineRight
LeftSubway: Meijō Line
Horikawa
LeftNagoya City TramwayRight
Otōbashi
Nagoya City TramwayUpDown
DownJR-F: Nagoyakō LineRight
DownTokaido ShinkansenRight
JR-C: Sannō S.B.
66.0 Sannō
canal
JR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenUpDown
DownKansai Main LineRight
Aonami LineRight
Yanagibashi
Kintetsu Nagoya LineRight
LeftDownSubway: Higashiyama Line
RightKintetsu Nagoya
68.0 LeftMeitetsu Nagoya
Nagoya(LeftSubway/JR-CRight)
LeftSakuradōri LineRight
UpSubway; Higashiyama LineRight
Oshikirimachi
69.9 Sakō
JR-C Nagoya depot
70.7 Higashi-Biwajima
Shōnai River
(71.3) Biwajima Junction
DownLeftInuyama Line
Shin-Unuma
71.6 Nishi-Biwajima
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō Main LineRightUp
DownLeftJR-C: Tōkaidō ShinkansenRightUp
72.2 Futatsuiri
72.8 Shinkawabashi
Shinkawa depot
73.5 Sukaguchi
Tsushima LineRight
Bisai LineUpDown
74.3 Marunouchi
LeftKiyosu Line ja
Kiyosumachi
75.2 Shin-Kiyosu
UpLeftTokaido ShinkansenRight
77.5 Ōsato
78.8 Okuda
80.9 Kōnomiya
82.9 Shima-Ujinaga
UpLeftTokaido Main Line
84.7 Myōkōji
Bisai LineRightUp
LeftLeftHigashi-Ichinomiya
LeftIchinomiya Line ja
86.4 Meitetsu Ichinomiya
LeftJR-C: Owari-Ichinomiya
Bisai LineRightDown/Okoshi Line ja
88.3 Imaise/Tamanoi
89.2 Iwato
91.2 Shin-Kisogawa
Kisogawa/Kisogawabashi
92.1 Kuroda
LeftTokaido Main Line
93.9 Kisogawa-zutsumi/Kisogawa-kō
UpAichi Prefecture
Kiso River
DownGifu Prefecture
Higashi-Kasamatsu
Shin-Hashima
Hashima LineRight
Takehana LineRight
95.1 Kasamatsu
96.9 Ginan
Sakai River
Shimokawate
Chajo depot
98.3 Chajo
98.7 Kanō
JR-C: UpTōkaidō Main LineRight
JR-C: LeftTakayama Main Line
Gifu
Gifu-Ekimae
99.8 Meitetsu Gifu
LeftMeitetsu Kakamigahara Line
DownGifu City Line ja
3500 series EMU on a commuter service

The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line (名鉄名古屋本線?, Meitetsu Nagoya Honsen) or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu in Gifu.

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept manaca, a Smart card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Basic data[edit]

  • Distance: 99.8 km (approx. 62.0 mi.)
  • Stations: 60
  • Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Track:
    • Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama
    • Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Meitetsu Gifu
    • Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box (A shared track with JR Iida Line, virtually double-tracked)
  • Electric supply: 1,500 V DC
  • Block system: Automatic
  • Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h (85 km/h between Toyohashi and Hirai Signal Box.)

Service patterns[edit]

Abbreviations are tentative for this article.

L: Local (普通?, Futsū)
SE: Semi Express (準急?, Junkyū)
EX: Express (急行?, Kyūkō)
RE: Rapid Express (快速急行?, Kaisoku Kyūkō)
LE: Limited Express (特急?, Tokkyū)
RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急?, Kaisoku Tokkyū)
MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ?, Myū Sukai)

Stations[edit]

For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram. Trains stop at stations marked "●" and pass stations marked "|".

Some trains stop at stations indicated by "▲". At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop (which is marked "τ"). For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.

No. Station L SE EX RE LE RL MU Location
NH01 Toyohashi No service To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
Toyohashi Aichi
NH02 Ina Toyokawa
NH03 Odabuchi | | | |
NH04
NH05 Goyu | | | |
NH06 Meiden Akasaka | | | |
NH07 Meiden Nagasawa | | | |
NH08 Motojuku Okazaki
NH09 Meiden Yamanaka | | | |
NH10 Fujikawa | | |
NH11 Miai
NH12 Otogawa | |
NH13 Higashi Okazaki
NH14 Okazakikōen-mae | |
NH15 Yahagibashi | |
NH16 Utō | |
NH17 Shin Anjō | Anjō
NH18 Ushida | | | Chiryū
NH19 Chiryū
NH20 Hitotsugi | | | | Kariya
NH21 Fujimatsu | | | |
NH22 Toyoake | | Toyoake
NH23 Zengo | |
NH24 Chūkyō-keibajō-mae | | Midori, Nagoya
NH25 Arimatsu | |
NH26 Sakyōyama | | |
NH27 Narumi |
NH28 Moto Hoshizaki | | | | Minami, Nagoya
NH29 Moto Kasadera | | |
NH30 Sakura | | | |
NH31 Yobitsugi | | | |
NH32 Horita | | Mizuho, Nagoya
NH33 Jingū-mae Atsuta, Nagoya
NH34 Kanayama Naka, Nagoya
NH35 Sannō | | | | | | Nakagawa, Nagoya
NH36 Meitetsu Nagoya Nakamura, Nagoya
NH37 Sakō | | | | Nishi, Nagoya
NH38 Higashi Biwajima | | | | | |
N/A Biwajima Junction No passengers Kiyosu
NH39 Nishi Biwajima | | | | | |
NH40 Futatsu-iri | | | |
NH41 Shinkawa-bashi | | | | | |
NH42 Sukaguchi τ | |
NH43 Marunouchi | | | | | |
NH44 Shin Kiyosu | | |
NH45 Ōsato | | | Inazawa
NH46 Okuda | | | | | |
NH47 Kōnomiya
NH48 Shima-ujinaga | | | | | |
NH49 Myōkōji | | | | | | Ichinomiya
NH50 Meitetsu Ichinomiya
NH51 Imaise | | | | | |
NH52 Iwato | | | | | |
NH53 Shin Kisogawa |
NH54 Kuroda | | | | | |
NH55 Kisogawa-zutsumi | | | | | |
NH56 Kasamatsu | Kasamatsu, Hashima Gifu
NH57 Ginan | | | | | | Ginan, Hashima
NH58 Chajo | | | | | | Gifu
NH59 Kanō | | | | | |
NH60 Meitetsu Gifu
1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: Some trains of Takehana line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Gifu.

History[edit]

Four different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.

  • The Nagoya Electric Railway opened the Ōshikirichō to Marunouchi section (Ichinomiya, Tsushima, Kiyosu Line), dual track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Transferred to Nagoya Railway (old) in 1921.
  • The Bisai Railway opened the Kōnomiya to Ichinomiya section (Nakamura Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1924. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1925 (changes name to Kōnomiya Branch Line).
  • The Mino Electric Railway opened the Kasamatsu - Gifu section (Kasamatsu Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1930, and the company changed its name to Meigi Railway.

The Marunouchi to Kōnomiya section was opened by the Nagoya Railway in 1928, the Ichinomiya to Kasamatsu section was opened by the Meigi Railway in 1935, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kanō. Meanwhile, the Aichi Electric Railway opened the Jingu-mae to Arimatsu section in 1917 (Arimatsu Line), electrified at 600 V DC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1927 (becoming the Toyohashi Line). The Narumi to Yahagibashi section was double-tracked in 1924, and by 1935, the line was double-tracked from Horita to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1925.

In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway merged with Meigi Railway, and the company changed its name to Nagoya Railroad. The Jingū-mae to Horita section was double-tracked in 1942, and in 1944, the Nagoya to Jingū-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, although through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya to Gifu section had been increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948. The line was renamed the Nagoya Main Line.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Marunouchi Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 1 km line to Kiyosu-Chō, electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, and the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1,500 V DC.
  • Ichinomiya Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 7 km line electrified at 600 V DC from Iwakura on its Inuyama line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948, and the line closed in 1965.
  • Gifu Station: Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system (which itself closed in 2005):

The Mino Electric Railway opened an 18 km 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11 km 1,067 mm gauge branch from Kurono (5 km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 V DC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.

The Nagara Light Railway opened a 5 km 1,067 mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915, and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 V DC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. ^ 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  2. ^ 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 3, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]