Hydropower in the Mekong River Basin

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Ubol Ratana Dam in Thailand

The estimated hydropower potential of the lower Mekong Basin (i.e., excluding China) is 30,000 MW,[1] while that of the upper Mekong Basin is 28,930 MW.[2] In the lower Mekong, more than 3,235 MW has been realized via facilities built largely over the past ten years, while projects under construction will represent an additional 3,209 MW. An additional 134 projects are planned for the lower Mekong, which will effectively exhaust the river's hydropower generating capacity.[3] The single most significant impact—both now and in the future—on the use of water and its management in the Mekong Region is hydropower.[4]

Given current development trends in the region, power demands are expected to rise seven percent per year between 2010 and 2030,[1] yielding a substantial and potentially lucrative energy market. Hydropower is the favoured energy option for the Mekong's riparian countries.

The development of the Mekong River Basin is highly controversial, and is one of the most prominent components in the discussion about the river and its management. This debate occurs in both the academic literature, as well as the media, and is a focus for many activist groups.[5]

Existing hydropower infrastructure[edit]

Table 1: Commissioned dams in the Mekong River Basin (15 MW installed capacity and above)[6]

Project Country River Location Commissioned Installed capacity (MW) Mean Annual Energy (GW) Height (m) Crest length (m) Total storage (million m3) Max reservoir area (km2)
Dachaoshan China Mekong 24°01′30″N 100°22′13″E / 24.024947°N 100.3703°E / 24.024947; 100.3703 (Dachaoshan Dam) 2003 1,350 5,500 115 481 890 26.25
Gongguoqiao China Mekong 25°35′09″N 99°20′08″E / 25.585917°N 99.335567°E / 25.585917; 99.335567 (Gongguoqiao Dam) 2012 900 4,041 105 356 316 343
Nuozhadu China Mekong 22°38′32″N 100°26′11″E / 22.642128°N 100.436336°E / 22.642128; 100.436336 (Nuozhadu Dam) 2014 5,850 23,912 262 608 23,703 320
Jinghong China Mekong 22°03′12″N 100°45′59″E / 22.053206°N 100.766478°E / 22.053206; 100.766478 (Jinghong Dam) 2009 1,750 5,570 108 705.5 1,140 510
Manwan China Mekong 24°37′20″N 100°26′55″E / 24.622086°N 100.448544°E / 24.622086; 100.448544 (Manwan Dam) 1992 1,670 6,710 136 418 920 415
Xiaowan China Mekong 24°42′15″N 100°05′29″E / 24.7042226°N 100.091255°E / 24.7042226; 100.091255 (Xiaowan Dam) 2010 4,200 18,990 295 893 14,560 194
Miaowei China Mekong 25°51′15″N 99°09′47″E / 25.854121°N 99.163155°E / 25.854121; 99.163155 (Miaowei Dam) 2016 1,400 5,999 140 660
Jinfeng China Nan La He 21°35′31″N 101°13′30″E / 21.592026°N 101.225135°E / 21.592026; 101.225135 (Jinfeng Dam) 1998 16 64.3 45 19.48
Jinhe China Jin He 30°48′22″N 97°19′59″E / 30.806181°N 97.332926°E / 30.806181; 97.332926 (Jinhe Dam) 2004 60 367 34 68.4 4.27
Guoduo China Mekong 31°31′45″N 97°11′29″E / 31.529089°N 97.191279°E / 31.529089; 97.191279 (Guoduo Dam) 2015 160 823 93 235.5 83
Laoyinyan China Gua Lan Zi He/Shun Dian He 24°28′09″N 99°49′03″E / 24.469128°N 99.81754°E / 24.469128; 99.81754 (Laoyinyan Dam) 1997 16 4.2 1,092
Nanhe 1 China Luo Zha He 24°20′33″N 100°00′44″E / 24.342442°N 100.012183°E / 24.342442; 100.012183 (Nanhe 1 Dam) 2009 40 170 56.8 148 11.36
Nanhe 2 China Luo Zha He 24°22′38″N 100°03′00″E / 24.377086°N 100.050098°E / 24.377086; 100.050098 (Nanhe 2 Dam) 25 100
Xi'er He 1 China Xi'er He 25°34′44″N 100°12′09″E / 25.578801°N 100.202419°E / 25.578801; 100.202419 (Xi'er He 1 Dam) 1979 105 440
Xi'er He 2 China Xi'er He 25°33′43″N 100°07′52″E / 25.561991°N 100.131191°E / 25.561991; 100.131191 (Xi'er He 2 Dam) 1987 50 37 122 0.2
Xi'er He 3 China Xi'er He 25°33′31″N 100°06′28″E / 25.558584°N 100.107878°E / 25.558584; 100.107878 (Xi'er He 3 Dam) 1988 50 223 21
Xi'er He 4 China Xi'er He 25°34′35″N 100°03′56″E / 25.576262°N 100.065574°E / 25.576262; 100.065574 (Xi'er He 4 Dam) 1971 14
XunCun China Hei Hui Jiang 25°25′19″N 99°59′36″E / 25.421835°N 99.993301°E / 25.421835; 99.993301 (XunCun Dam) 1999 78 345 67 165 74
Houay Ho Laos Houayho/Xekong 15°03′34″N 106°45′52″E / 15.059464°N 106.764377°E / 15.059464; 106.764377 (Houayho Dam) 1999 152 450 79 3,530 37
Houay Lamphan Laos Xekong 15°21′22″N 106°30′04″E / 15.356153°N 106.501106°E / 15.356153; 106.501106 (Houay Lamphan Dam) 2015 88 480 77 74.5 140 9
Nam Beng Laos Nam Beng 19°56′47″N 101°14′15″E / 19.946436°N 101.237563°E / 19.946436; 101.237563 (Nam Beng Dam) 2014 36 145 25.5 84.8 3,611 0.7
Nam Khan 2 Laos Nam Khan 19°41′07″N 102°22′11″E / 19.685364°N 102.369791°E / 19.685364; 102.369791 (Nam Khan 2 Dam) 2015 130 225 160 405 30.5
Nam Khan 3 Laos Nam Khan 19°44′49″N 102°13′22″E / 19.747016°N 102.222793°E / 19.747016; 102.222793 (Nam Khan 3 Dam) 2016 88 480 77 74.5 140 9
Nam Leuk Laos Nam Leuk/Nam Ngum 18°26′15″N 102°56′48″E / 18.437406°N 102.94675°E / 18.437406; 102.94675 (Nam Leuk Dam) 2000 60 215 51.5 800 185 17.2
Nam Lik 1-2 Laos Nam Lik 18°47′38″N 102°07′00″E / 18.793782°N 102.116714°E / 18.793782; 102.116714 (Nam Lik 1-2 Dam) 2010 100 435 103 328 11 24.4
Nam Mang 1 Laos Nam Mang 18°32′03″N 103°11′47″E / 18.53423°N 103.196286°E / 18.53423; 103.196286 (Nam Mang 1 Dam) 2016 64 225 70 280 16.5 0.148
Nam Mang 3 Laos Nam Gnogn 18°20′58″N 102°45′55″E / 18.349383°N 102.765244°E / 18.349383; 102.765244 (Nam Mang 3 Dam) 2004 40 150 28 151 49 10
Nam Ngiep 2 Laos Nam Ngiep 19°18′00″N 103°21′08″E / 19.299877°N 103.352263°E / 19.299877; 103.352263 (Nam Ngiep 2 Dam) 2015 180 732
Nam Ngiep 3A Laos Nam Ngiep 19°14′37″N 103°17′02″E / 19.243546°N 103.283913°E / 19.243546; 103.283913 (Nam Ngiep 3A Dam) 2014 44 152 1.8
Nam Ngum 1 Laos Nam Ngum 18°31′52″N 102°32′51″E / 18.531068°N 102.547577°E / 18.531068; 102.547577 (Nam Ngum 1 Dam) 1971 148.7 1,006 75 468 4,700 370
Nam Ngum 2 Laos Nam Ngum 18°45′19″N 102°46′35″E / 18.755374°N 102.776476°E / 18.755374; 102.776476 (Nam Ngum 2 Dam) 2011 615 2,300 182 421 3,590 122.2
Nam Ngum 5 Laos Nam Ngum 19°21′22″N 102°37′16″E / 19.356095°N 102.621196°E / 19.356095; 102.621196 (Nam Ngum 5 Dam) 2012 120 507 99 235 314 15
Nam Theun 2 Laos Nam Theun/Xe Bangfai 17°59′50″N 104°57′08″E / 17.997353°N 104.952306°E / 17.997353; 104.952306 (Nam Theun 2 Dam) 2010 1,075 5,936 48 325 3,500 450
Nam Ou 2 Laos Nam Ou 20°24′42″N 102°28′22″E / 20.411698°N 102.472817°E / 20.411698; 102.472817 (Nam Ou 2 Dam) 2016 120 546 49 352 121.7 15.7
Nam Ou 5 Laos Nam Ou 21°24′41″N 102°20′39″E / 21.411349°N 102.344263°E / 21.411349; 102.344263 (Nam Ou 5 Dam) 2016 240 1,049 74 335 17.22
Nam Ou 6 Laos Nam Ou 21°24′41″N 102°20′39″E / 21.411349°N 102.344263°E / 21.411349; 102.344263 (Nam Ou 6 Dam) 2016 180 739 88 409 17.01
Theun-Hinboun Laos Nam Theun 18°15′40″N 104°33′45″E / 18.261005°N 104.562525°E / 18.261005; 104.562525 (Theun-Hinboun Hydropower Plant) 1998 220 1,645 48 810 1,300 49
Theun-Hinboun Expansion Project Laos Nam Gnouang 18°17′50″N 104°38′10″E / 18.297248°N 104.636171°E / 18.297248; 104.636171 (Theun-Hinboun Expansion Project) 2013 222 1,395 65 480 2,450 49
Xe Kaman 3 Laos Xe Kaman 15°25′31″N 107°21′45″E / 15.425194°N 107.362611°E / 15.425194; 107.362611 (Xe Kaman 3 Dam) 2014 250 1,000 102 543 141.5 5.2
Xeset 1 Laos Xeset 15°29′31″N 106°16′43″E / 15.49200°N 106.27867°E / 15.49200; 106.27867 (Xeset 1 Dam) 1994 45 154 18 124
Xeset 2 Laos Xeset 15°24′14″N 106°16′49″E / 15.403775°N 106.280332°E / 15.403775; 106.280332 (Xeset 1 Dam) 2009 76 309 26 144
A Luoi Vietnam A Sap 16°11′51″N 107°09′43″E / 16.197619°N 107.161897°E / 16.197619; 107.161897 (A Luoi Dam) 2012 170 686 49.5 208
Buon Kuop Vietnam Sre Pok 12°31′30″N 107°55′33″E / 12.52504°N 107.925762°E / 12.52504; 107.925762 (Buon Kop Dam) 2009 280 1,455 47
Buon Tua Sra Vietnam Se San/Krong Po Ko 12°16′56″N 108°02′29″E / 12.282116°N 108.041299°E / 12.282116; 108.041299 (Buon Tua Srah Dam) 2009 86 359 41
Dray Hlinh 2 Vietnam Sre Pok 12°40′33″N 107°54′14″E / 12.6757°N 107.903978°E / 12.6757; 107.903978 (Dray Hinh 2 Dam) 2007 16 85
Plei Krong Vietnam Se San/Krong Po Ko 14°24′30″N 107°51′47″E / 14.408227°N 107.862991°E / 14.408227; 107.862991 (Plei Krong Dam) 2008 100 479 65 745 1,049 53
Sesan 3 Vietnam Sesan 14°12′57″N 107°43′19″E / 14.215816°N 107.722061°E / 14.215816; 107.722061 (Sesan 3 Dam) 2006 260 1,224 79 6.4
Sesan 3A Vietnam Sesan 14°12′55.13″N 107°43′20.15″E / 14.2153139°N 107.7222639°E / 14.2153139; 107.7222639 (Sesan 3A Dam) 2007 96
Sesan 4 Vietnam Sesan 14°6′23.02″N 107°39′28.08″E / 14.1063944°N 107.6578000°E / 14.1063944; 107.6578000 (Sesan 4 Dam) 2009 360 60 54
Sre Pok 3 Vietnam Sre Pok 12°45′2.78″N 107°52′34.32″E / 12.7507722°N 107.8762000°E / 12.7507722; 107.8762000 (Sre Pok 3 Dam) 2009 220 52.5
Yali Falls Vietnam Sesan 14°13′38.93″N 107°49′46.55″E / 14.2274806°N 107.8295972°E / 14.2274806; 107.8295972 (Yali Falls Dam) 2001 720 65 1,460 1,037 64.5
Chulabhorn Thailand Nam Phrom 16°32′11″N 101°39′00″E / 16.536267°N 101.650036°E / 16.536267; 101.650036 (Chulabhorn Dam) 1972 40 93 70 700 165 31
Pak Mun Thailand Mun 15°16′55″N 105°28′05″E / 15.2818942°N 105.468058°E / 15.2818942; 105.468058 (Pak Mun Dam) 1994 136 280 17 300
Sirindhorn Thailand Lam Dom Noi 15°12′23″N 105°25′45″E / 15.206339°N 105.429156°E / 15.206339; 105.429156 (Siridhorn Dam) 1971 36 86 42 940 1,967 288
Ubol Ratana Thailand Nam Pong 16°46′31″N 102°37′06″E / 16.775394°N 102.618325°E / 16.775394; 102.618325 (Ubol Ratana Dam) 1966 25.2 57 35.1 885 2,559 410
Lam Ta Khong Thailand Lam Ta Khong 14°51′55″N 101°33′37″E / 14.865175°N 101.560303°E / 14.865175; 101.560303 (Lam Ta Khong Dam) 1974 500 400 40.3 251 310 37

Hydropower infrastructure under construction[edit]

Table 2: Hydropower dams under construction in the Mekong River Basin (15 MW installed capacity and above)[6]

Project Country River Location Expected Commissioning Year Installed capacity (MW) Mean Annual Energy (GW) Height (m) Crest length (m) Total storage (million m3) Max reservoir area (km2)
Battambang 1 Cambodia Sangker 12°48′17″N 102°54′44″E / 12.804805°N 102.912094°E / 12.804805; 102.912094 (Battambang 1 Dam) 2017 24 123 49.5 4,200
Lower Sesan 2 Cambodia Sesan 13°33′05″N 106°15′50″E / 13.551408°N 106.263841°E / 13.551408; 106.263841 (Lower Sesan 2 Dam) 2019 480 2,312 45 7,729 1,790 335
Dahuaqiao China Mekong 26°18′29″N 99°08′21″E / 26.308096°N 99.139288°E / 26.308096; 99.139288 (Dahuaqiao Dam) 2018 920 4,070 106 231.5 293
Gushui China Mekong 28°36′31″N 98°44′46″E / 28.608683°N 98.746133°E / 28.608683; 98.746133 (Gushui Dam) 2,600 8,337 310 540 3,912
Huangdeng China Mekong 26°32′54″N 99°06′46″E / 26.548199°N 99.112669°E / 26.548199; 99.112669 (Huangdeng Dam) 2017 1,900 8,578 203 457 1,613
Lidi China Mekong 27°50′53″N 99°01′50″E / 27.848016°N 99.030555°E / 27.848016; 99.030555 (Lidi Dam) 2019 420 1,753 75 346.4 75 3.7
Luozhahe 1 China Luo Zha He 24°30′19″N 100°27′06″E / 24.505207°N 100.451749°E / 24.505207; 100.451749 (Luozhahe 1 Dam) 2016 30 135 59 14.33
Luozhahe 2 China Luo Zha He 24°29′13″N 100°24′08″E / 24.486867°N 100.402128°E / 24.486867; 100.402128 (Luozhahe 2 Dam) 2017 50 225 71 3,391
Wunonglong China Mekong 27°55′57″N 98°56′00″E / 27.932554°N 98.9333°E / 27.932554; 98.9333 (Wunonglong Dam) 2018 990 4,116 138 247 284
Don Sahong Laos Mekong 13°57′22″N 105°57′51″E / 13.956223°N 105.964247°E / 13.956223; 105.964247 (Don Sahong Dam) 2019 256 2,000 25 6,800 25 2.2
Houay Por Laos Houay Pore 15°32′44″N 106°15′24″E / 15.545605°N 106.256763°E / 15.545605; 106.256763 (Houay Por Dam) 15 60 6 0.76
Nam Bi 1 Laos Nam Bi 15°14′08″N 107°30′57″E / 15.23565°N 107.515959°E / 15.23565; 107.515959 (Nam Bi 1 Dam) 2021 50 210 25 84 3 0.0273
Nam Bi 2 Laos Nam Bi 15°12′44″N 107°32′27″E / 15.212256°N 107.540761°E / 15.212256; 107.540761 (Nam Bi 2 Dam) 2021 68 288.5 47.5 182.5 10 0.64
Nam Chian 1 Laos Nam Ngiep 19°08′43″N 103°33′26″E / 19.145395°N 103.557259°E / 19.145395; 103.557259 (Nam Chian 1 Dam) 2017 104 448 69 367
Nam Kong 2 Laos Nam Kong 14°29′41″N 106°51′24″E / 14.494672°N 106.856669°E / 14.494672; 106.856669 (Nam Kong Dam 2) 2021 66 264 50 210 71.4 4.2
Nam Kong 3 Laos Nam Kong 14°33′59″N 106°54′45″E / 14.566338°N 106.912551°E / 14.566338; 106.912551 (Nam Kong 3 Dam) 2017 45 170 50.5
Nam Ngiep 1 Laos Nam Ngiep 18°38′45″N 103°33′06″E / 18.6458578°N 103.5516582°E / 18.6458578; 103.5516582 (Nam Ngiep 1 Dam) 2019 272 1,546 167 530 1,192 67
Nam Ngiep 2C Laos Nam Ngiep 19°12′48″N 103°21′28″E / 19.21347°N 103.357806°E / 19.21347; 103.357806 (Nam Ngiep 2C Dam) 2020 45 230
Nam Ngiep (Downstream) Laos Nam Ngiep 18°38′51″N 103°31′00″E / 18.64747°N 103.516607°E / 18.64747; 103.516607 (Nam Ngiep (Downstream) Dam) 2019 18 105 20 90 4.6 1.27
Nam Ngum 1 Extension Laos Nam Ngum 18°31′40″N 102°31′51″E / 18.527772°N 102.530765°E / 18.527772; 102.530765 (Nam Ngum Extension Dam) 2017 120
Nam Ou 1 Laos Nam Ou 20°05′18″N 102°15′55″E / 20.0883°N 102.265379°E / 20.0883; 102.265379 (Nam Ou 1 Dam) 2020 160 710 65 442 89.1 9.56
Nam Ou 3 Laos Nam Ou 20°41′43″N 102°39′55″E / 20.695251°N 102.665404°E / 20.695251; 102.665404 (Nam Ou 2 Dam) 2020 150 685 72 340 168.6 13.26
Nam Ou 4 Laos Nam Ou 21°07′13″N 102°29′39″E / 21.120153°N 102.494173°E / 21.120153; 102.494173 (Nam Ou 4 Dam) 2020 116 524 47 300 124 9.37
Nam Ou 7 Laos Nam Ou 22°04′40″N 102°15′52″E / 22.07779°N 102.264436°E / 22.07779; 102.264436 (Nam Ou 7 Dam) 2020 190 811 147 825 1,494 38.16
Nam Pha Gnai Laos Nam Pha Gnai 19°00′48″N 102°15′52″E / 19.013318°N 102.264436°E / 19.013318; 102.264436 (Nam Pha Gnai Dam) 2016 19.2 130 1.5
Nam San 3A Laos Nam San 19°07′45″N 103°39′47″E / 19.129054°N 103.663052°E / 19.129054; 103.663052 (Nam San 3A Dam) 69 278.4 75 350 123 8.5
Nam Tha 1 Laos Nam Tha 20°14′58″N 100°53′33″E / 20.249467°N 100.892433°E / 20.249467; 100.892433 (Nam Tha 1 Dam) 2018 168 759.4 93.7 349.2 1,755
Xayaburi Laos Mekong 19°15′14″N 101°48′49″E / 19.254006°N 101.813699°E / 19.254006; 101.813699 (Xayaburi Dam) 2019 1,285 6,035 48 810 1,300 49
Xekaman-Sanxay Laos Xe Kaman 14°53′27″N 107°07′10″E / 14.890823°N 107.119451°E / 14.890823; 107.119451 (Xekaman-Sanxay Dam) 2017 32 123 28 180
Xepian-Xenamnoy Laos Xepian/Xenamnoy 14°56′47″N 106°37′39″E / 14.946382°N 106.627369°E / 14.946382; 106.627369 (Xepian-Xenamnoy Dam) 2018 410 1,880 75.5 1,778 1,092 50
Xeset 3 Laos Xe Don 15°20′32″N 106°18′40″E / 15.342113°N 106.31115°E / 15.342113; 106.31115 (Xeset 3 Dam) 2020 20 74

Planned hydropower infrastructure[edit]

The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems, which monitors dams development in the Mekong Region, distinguishes between 'planned' dams - those for which bureaucratic processes to license, or enable the dam to be constructed (for example, feasibility studies, concession agreements, environmental impact assessments, power purchase agreements and other government authorisations); and those dams that have been suggested, but for which these processes have not commenced.

Table 3: Planned and Proposed Hydropower dams in the Mekong River Basin (15 MW installed capacity and above)[6]

Country No. Planned dams No. Proposed dams
Cambodia 12 0
China 11 2
Laos 43 20
Myanmar 7 0
Thailand 7 0
Vietnam 1 1
Totals 74 23

Proposed mainstream dams[edit]

Table 4: Dams on the Mekong Mainstream[6]

Project Country Location Expected Commissioning Year Installed capacity (MW) Mean Annual Energy (GW) Height (m) Crest length (m) Total storage (million m3) Max reservoir area (km2)
Ban Kum Laos 15°25′04″N 105°35′15″E / 15.417881°N 105.587364°E / 15.417881; 105.587364 (Ban Kum Dam) 2030 1,872 8,434 53 780 132.5
Dachaoshan China 24°01′30″N 100°22′13″E / 24.024947°N 100.3703°E / 24.024947; 100.3703 (Dachaoshan Dam) 2003 1,350 5,500 115 481 890 26.25
Dahuaqiao China 26°18′29″N 99°08′21″E / 26.308096°N 99.139288°E / 26.308096; 99.139288 (Dahuaqiao Dam) 2018 920 4,070 106 231.5 293
Dongzhong China 31°52′22″N 96°59′24″E / 31.872777°N 96.99°E / 31.872777; 96.99 (Dongzhong Dam) Proposed. COD Unknown. 108 41.2
Don Sahong Laos 13°57′22″N 105°57′51″E / 13.956223°N 105.964247°E / 13.956223; 105.964247 (Don Sahong Dam) 2019 256 2,000 25 6,800 25 2.2
Ganlanba China 21°50′38″N 100°56′17″E / 21.843867°N 100.937917°E / 21.843867; 100.937917 (Ganlanba Dam) Planned. COD unknown. 195 1,177 60.5 458 577 58
Gongguoqiao China 25°35′09″N 99°20′08″E / 25.585917°N 99.335567°E / 25.585917; 99.335567 (Gongguoqiao Dam) 2012 900 4,041 105 356 316 343
Guoduo China 31°31′45″N 97°11′29″E / 31.529089°N 97.191279°E / 31.529089; 97.191279 (Guoduo Dam) 2015 160 823 93 235.5 83
Gushui China 28°36′31″N 98°44′46″E / 28.608683°N 98.746133°E / 28.608683; 98.746133 (Gushui Dam) COD Unknown. 2,600 8,337 310 540 3,912
Guxue China 29°10′59″N 98°36′24″E / 29.18295°N 98.6067°E / 29.18295; 98.6067 (Guxue Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 1,700 7,816 229 599 7,752
Huangdeng China 26°32′54″N 99°06′46″E / 26.548199°N 99.112669°E / 26.548199; 99.112669 (Huangdeng Dam) 2017 1,900 8,578 203 457 1,613
Jinghong China 22°03′12″N 100°45′59″E / 22.053206°N 100.766478°E / 22.053206; 100.766478 (Jinghong Dam) 2009 1,750 5,570 108 705.5 1,140 510
Kagong China 30°37′21″N 97°26′40″E / 30.622567°N 97.444417°E / 30.622567; 97.444417 (Kagong Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 240 1,264 97 237 81.4
Lidi China 27°50′53″N 99°01′50″E / 27.848016°N 99.030555°E / 27.848016; 99.030555 (Lidi Dam) 2019 420 1,753 75 346.4 75 3.7
Latsua Laos 15°19′53″N 105°34′58″E / 15.33146°N 105.582803°E / 15.33146; 105.582803 (Latsua Dam) 2023 800 3,504 22 1,300 13
Lin Chang China 31°10′49″N 97°11′07″E / 31.1804°N 97.1852°E / 31.1804; 97.1852 (Lin Chang Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 72 362 38 9
Luangprabang Laos 20°04′00″N 102°11′32″E / 20.06663°N 102.192339°E / 20.06663; 102.192339 (Luangprabang) 2030 1,200 6,500 57.5 318 1,589.5 72.4
Manwan China 24°37′20″N 100°26′55″E / 24.622086°N 100.448544°E / 24.622086; 100.448544 (Manwan Dam) 1992 1,670 6,710 136 418 920 415
Miaowei China 25°51′15″N 99°09′47″E / 25.854121°N 99.163155°E / 25.854121; 99.163155 (Miaowei Dam) 2016 1,400 5,999 140 660
Nuozhadu China 22°38′32″N 100°26′11″E / 22.642128°N 100.436336°E / 22.642128; 100.436336 (Nuozhadu Dam) 2014 5,850 23,912 262 608 23,703 320
Pak Beng Laos 19°50′38″N 101°00′59″E / 19.843927°N 101.016502°E / 19.843927; 101.016502 (Pak Beng Dam) 2022 912 4,846 85 943 87
Pak Lay Laos 18°19′39″N 101°31′50″E / 18.327581°N 101.530575°E / 18.327581; 101.530575 (Pak Lay Dam) 2030 1,320 4,252 35 630 108
Ru Mei China 29°39′00″N 98°20′52″E / 29.649933°N 98.3477°E / 29.649933; 98.3477 (Ru Mei Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 2,100 10,582 315 724 3,602
Sambor Cambodia 12°47′13″N 105°56′19″E / 12.786849°N 105.938582°E / 12.786849; 105.938582 (Sambor Dam) 2020 2,600 11,749 56 18,002 3,794 620
Sanakham Laos 17°49′45″N 101°33′25″E / 17.829183°N 101.556969°E / 17.829183; 101.556969 (Sanakham Dam) 2024 700 5,015 25 1,144 81
Santhong-Pakchom Laos 18°12′04″N 102°03′02″E / 18.201038°N 102.050588°E / 18.201038; 102.050588 (Santhong-Pakchom Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 1,079 5,052 55 1,200 80.3
Stung Treng Cambodia 13°18′09″N 105°14′44″E / 13.302404°N 105.245516°E / 13.302404; 105.245516 (Stung Treng Dam) Planned. COD unknown. 980 4,870 22 10,884 3.8 620
Wunonglong China 27°55′57″N 98°56′00″E / 27.932554°N 98.9333°E / 27.932554; 98.9333 (Wunonglong Dam) 2018 990 4,116 138 247 284
Xayaburi Laos 19°15′14″N 101°48′49″E / 19.254006°N 101.813699°E / 19.254006; 101.813699 (Xayaburi Dam) 2019 1,285 6,035 48 810 1,300 49
Xiaowan China 24°42′15″N 100°05′29″E / 24.7042226°N 100.091255°E / 24.7042226; 100.091255 (Xiaowan Dam) 2010 4,200 18,990 295 893 14,560 194
Yue Long China 30°52′05″N 97°20′50″E / 30.868008°N 97.347124°E / 30.868008; 97.347124 (Yue Long Dam) Planned. COD Unknown. 129 644 60.7 377

COD = Commercial Operating Date.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mekong River Commission (2010). "State of the Basin Report, 2010" (PDF). MRC, Vientiane, Laos. 
  2. ^ J. Dore; Y. Xiaogang; K. Yuk-shing (2007). "China's energy reforms and hydropower expansion in Yunnan". In L. Lebel; J. Dore; R. Daniel; Y.S. Koma. Democratizing Water Governance in the Mekong Region. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. pp. 55–92. ISBN 9749511255. 
  3. ^ Mekong River Commission (2005). "Overview of the Hydrology of the Mekong Basin" (PDF). MRC, Vientiane, Laos. 
  4. ^ CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food. "CPWF Mekong". Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  5. ^ Yeophantong, Pichamon. "China's Lancang Dam Cascade and Transnational Activism in the Mekong Region: Who's Got the Power?". Asian Survey. 54 (4). JSTOR 10.1525/as.2014.54.4.700. 
  6. ^ a b c d "WLE, 2016. Dataset on the Dams of the Irrawaddy, Mekong, Red and Salween River Basins. Vientiane, Lao PDR: CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems - Greater Mekong.". CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (Greater Mekong). Retrieved December 2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]