24 June 1932|
|Died||3 August 2016
Vancouver, British Columbia
|Occupation||Publisher, author, political activist|
|Awards||Order of Canada|
Mel Hurtig, OC (24 June 1932 – 3 August 2016) was a Canadian publisher, author, political activist, and political candidate. He was president of the Edmonton Art Gallery, and a noted political activist who wrote several books critical of the Canadian government and its various policies.
Early life and education
Businessman, Publisher and Author
Hurtig worked in his father's store, selling furs, until 1956. He then opened a book store, Hurtig Books, which later grew into a large retail book operation with three locations.  His stores featured staging of plays, readings of poetry, and encouraged social interaction, and, unusually, permitting drinking coffee.
After selling his stores in 1972, he established Hurtig Publishers. In 1980, he started work on The Canadian Encyclopedia, spending $12 million on a comprehensive national encyclopedia first published in 1985.
Hurtig was an Officer of the Order of Canada, was granted honorary Doctor of Laws degrees from six Canadian universities, and was the recipient of the Lester B. Pearson Man of the Year Peace Award.
In 1973, he broke with the party and joined with other nationalists including Walter Gordon, Jack McClelland, and Claude Ryan to establish the Committee for an Independent Canada (CIC) which lobbied against foreign ownership and cultural imperialism. He served as Chair for the first year.
In 1985, Hurtig established the Council of Canadians, another nationalist organization, five years after the demise of the CIC. The primary purpose of this organization was to lobby against a perceived rising tide of support for free trade. He would leave in 1992 but the council survives to this day.
In 1992, Hurtig was elected leader of the National Party of Canada and led it in the 1993 federal election. He ran in the riding of Edmonton Northwest, but with 4507 votes and 12.8% of the popular vote, finished a distant third to Anne McLellan. It was nonetheless the best showing of the National Party candidates in that election.
|Canadian federal election, 1972: Edmonton West|
|Progressive Conservative||Marcel Lambert||29,876|
|New Democratic||John Packer||6,770|
|Social Credit||Donald H. McLeod||1,419|
|Canadian federal election, 1993: Edmonton Northwest|
|Progressive Conservative||Murray Dorin||3,485|
|New Democratic||Stephanie Michaels||1,671|
|Natural Law||Ric Johnsen||186|
|No affiliation||Heide Zeeper||41|
In 2005, Hurtig moved from Edmonton to Vancouver, British Columbia, in order to be closer to his four daughters. On 3 August 2016 he died there at a hospital, from complications from pneumonia. On the day of his death, one daughter, Leslie Hurtig, read him "newspaper headlines about the launch of the inquiry into murdered and missing women"; he responded, "Bravo", and died that afternoon, surrounded by family. In addition to his daughters, Hurtig was survived by four grandsons.
- Canadian Book Publisher of the Year, 1974 and 1981
- Made an Officer of the Order of Canada, (1980)
- Honorary LL.D. degrees from York University (1980), Wilfrid Laurier University (1985), University of Lethbridge (1986), University of Alberta (1986), Concordia University (1990), University of British Columbia (1992)
- Eve Orpen Award for Publishing and Literary Excellence, 1985
- Silver Ribbon Award, City of Edmonton, 1985
- Centenary Medal, Royal Society of Canada, 1986
- Alberta Achievement Award, 1986
- Toastmasters International Communications and Leadership Award, 1986
- President's Award, Canadian Booksellers Association, 1986
- Quill Award, Windsor Press Club, 1986
- Speaker of the Year Award, Canadian Speech Communicators Association, 1986
- Corporate Citizen of the Year Award, Community of Business and Professional. Associates of Canada, 1988
- Lester B. Pearson Man of the Year Peace Award 1988
- Nationalism and Continentalism, 5 November 1981 speech at the Empire Club of Canada
- The Betrayal of Canada, 1991
- A New and Better Canada, policy statement for the National Party of Canada
- At Twilight in the Country/Memoirs of a Canadian Nationalist, 1996
- Pay the Rent or Feed the Kids, 2000
- The Vanishing Country, 2002
- Rushing to Armageddon, 2004
- The Truth About Canada, 2008
- The Arrogant Autocrat: Stephen Harper's Takeover of Canada, 2015
- Bailey, Ian (3 Aug 2016). "Publisher, author and political agitator Mel Hurtig dies at 84". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 3 Aug 2016.
- "Canadian nationalist Mel Hurtig dies at age 84". Toronto Star, August 4, 2016, page A4.
- "How Canada got an encyclopedia to call its own" Jane Taber, The Globe and Mail, October 7, 2010
- "Mel Hurtig" The Canadian Encyclopedia
- "Mel Hurtig — Edmonton Bookseller, Publisher and Activist — Dead at 84". CBC/Radio-Canada. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- Council of Canadians website
- Order of Canada citation