Melaghar

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Melaghar
মেলাঘর
Village
Melaghar is located in Tripura
Melaghar
Melaghar
Location of Melaghar in India
Melaghar is located in India
Melaghar
Melaghar
Melaghar (India)
Coordinates: 23°29′N 91°20′E / 23.49°N 91.33°E / 23.49; 91.33Coordinates: 23°29′N 91°20′E / 23.49°N 91.33°E / 23.49; 91.33
Country  India
Region North-Eastern
State Tripura
District Sipahijala district
Subdivision Sonamura
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 20,300
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
 • Max. Spoken Language Bengali, Kokborok, Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 799115

Melaghar (Bengali: মেলাঘর) is a village in Sipahijala district in the Indian state of Tripura, situated about 50 km (approx. 30 mi) from capital Agartala. It is a neighbour to Sonamura and only 10 km (6 miles) away from the Bangladesh border. The area contains a hospital, police station, few major higher secondary and primary schools, motorstand, petrol-pump, cell-phone towers and a town hall. The famous Neermahal is situated in the middle of Rudrasagar Lake in this village.

Geography and climate[edit]

Melaghar is situated in a low elevation of 11 meters (36 ft). Melaghar has a tranquil climate most of the year. However, summertime can be excessively hot, dry, humid, and interspersed with rains and thunderstorms. Winter generally starts towards the end of November and lasts until February, where the temperatures can reach very low conditions. The monsoon season of Melaghar starts in April, during the Bengali month of Boishakh. During the monsoon season, Melaghar is inundated frequently due to excessive rainfall and flooding by the local rivers, most memorably by the 1993 and 2007 Tripura Floods.

Climate data for Melaghar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31
(88)
36
(97)
31
(88)
44
(111)
43
(109)
42
(108)
38
(100)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
34
(93)
29
(84)
44
(111)
Average high °C (°F) 24
(75)
28
(82)
33
(91)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
27
(81)
25
(77)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
18
(64)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
22
(72)
18
(64)
14
(57)
21
(70)
Record low °C (°F) 4
(39)
6
(43)
10
(50)
15
(59)
19
(66)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
19
(66)
15
(59)
9
(48)
2
(36)
2
(36)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 0.3
(0.12)
0.8
(0.31)
2.8
(1.1)
9.3
(3.66)
21.7
(8.54)
38.7
(15.24)
44.0
(17.32)
38.4
(15.12)
26.7
(10.51)
13.3
(5.24)
2.7
(1.06)
0.3
(0.12)
199
(78.3)
Source: foreca.com[1]

Demographics[edit]

Melaghar has a total population of 20,300 as of April 2017.[2] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%.

Melaghar has an average literacy rate of 91%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 93%, and female literacy is 88%.

The sex ratio of Melaghar is 984 females per 1000 males.[3] A total of 11% of the population are under 6 years of age. Whilst the majority speak Bengali, Melaghar is also home to Bengali-speaking tribes and also Hindi, as some of them are Bihari.

Location[edit]

Melaghar is a place located in the central of Melaghar Block, Sonamura Subdivision, on the bank of Gomati River. Coordinates are 23.49°N 91.33°E.

Politics[edit]

Melaghar assembly constituency is a part of Tripura West (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

Education[edit]

High Schools[edit]

  • Human JDO English Medium High School
  • Melaghar Class XII School
  • Melaghar Girls Class XII School
  • Melaghar English Medium High School
  • Melaghar Thakurpara High School
  • Ramakrishna Sishu Tirtha High School
  • Rangamura Upper High School

Colleges[edit]

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the major and most played game in Melaghar. There are so many small fields here and there, but the only one big field is located behind of Melaghar Class XII School, locally known as Kajal Maidan. Domestic matches have been played there many times. Thus the field is being remade as a Stadium.

Transport[edit]

The main transport system of Melaghar is the IRN road transport system. One part of the National Highway 44 (State Highway 6) goes through this village and was divided into two roads in Bishalgarh. Another part starts from Bishalgarh and ends at Sonamura motor stand. This is the main road of Melaghar, also known as Melaghar-Sonamura main road (SH-6). There is a small motors and that is developing day by day. Hundreds of people are traveling to others places from here. Melaghar is well connected to the capital, Agartala (via Nalchar, Bishramganj and Bishalgarh) and one of the major cities Udaipur (via Kakraban and Palatana). The new bus service Sonamura-Agartala and Sonamura-Udaipur is also available. Local auto-rickshaws are available here as some go to local destinations. The nearest airport is Agartala Airport, that is about 60 km (37 mi) from the main area.

Local sights and attractions[edit]

Durga Puja Festival[edit]

One of the best times to visit Melaghar is during the famous Durga Puja, when the streets come alive and people from the entire village flock to the village centre to visit the many statues of goddess Durga scattered around the village. Durga Puja is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. It refers to the six days observed as Mahalaya, Shashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and Bijoya Dashami.

Melaghar is in good position in term of Maa Durga Puja for its pandals in all the state.

Kali Puja Festival[edit]

One of the main festivals is the Kali Puja, which occurs between October and November, and is where the children, adults, and the elderly attend. Melaghar is also known for its bright lights during this Puja, where the entire village is lit up.

Ratha Yatra[edit]

Melaghar RathaYatra is one of the oldest and biggest Mela (fairs) of Tripura. Every year in June–July, it (Bengali: আষাঢ়) is held at Jagannath Bari field. Thousands of people have come to increase the crowd and popularity.

  • Melaghar Rath is the second-tallest in India, after Mahesh Rath (মহেশ রথযাত্রা) in West Bengal.

Shops and markets[edit]

  • There is a LIC Premium point of BADAL DAS. It opens at 10.00am and closes at 7.00pm. you can deposit any premium of your policy from any agent. And you can also open a new policy of LIC.
  • Anandabazar is a grocery shopping market in Melaghar, reopened in 2014 by former CM Manik Sarkar. It has all types of shops.
  • The Infotech System and Style House are two newly opened shops here.
  • The famous book shops in this village are Sikshaniketan, The Sikshaniketan etc.
  • One of the famous sweet shops of Melaghar is Matri Bhandar (মাতৃভান্ডার) that everyone knows.
  • A famous [[Khadims shoe centre opened a shop near Hospital Road in Melaghar.
  • There are a lot of fashion shops, that people have formally known as Textiles in Melaghar.
  • Another two shopping markets' construction is recently completed; one is near Motorstand, and the second is Pal Mansion new shopping mall near Netaji Chowmuhuni.

Tourist spots and other attractions[edit]

Neermahal[edit]

Neermahal is the main spot of Melaghar.[5]. It is the second scenic water palace in this type, after Jal Mahal in Rajasthan, and the only one in Eastern India. The palace was built by Maharaja (King) Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman (1926-1930). It is a palace in the middle of Rudrasagar Lake. It is located about 2 km (1.2 mi) from the main market. There are also boat rides to travel to the main palace from Rajghat Ferryghat. Sagarmahal is a lodge hotel for tourists who wish to spend a night there. Every year hundreds of people come for picnics in the winter time. Also many foreign birds come to this lake in the winter season.

Back view of Neermahal, in Rudrasagar Lake.

Other attractions[edit]

  • Veeramma Kali Mandir
  • Melaghar Kali Temple
  • Pagli Masi (পাগলী মাসি) Temple, attached with Kalibari; Every Bengali year, on second day of Chaitra month (চৈত্র মাস), a local fair is held here with thousands of people present.
  • The other attractions are Joyramthakur Ashram, Jagannathbari.
  • The renovated new town hall is also one of the attractions; many types of function are held there.
  • A swimming pool and a park, located beside the town hall are also of interest.
A view of Pagli Masi fair 2017 at Kalibari

Banks and ATMs[edit]

Local clubs and organisations[edit]

  • Sanhati Club
  • Red Lotus Club
  • Rishi Aravinda Club
  • Swami Vivekananda Sanstha
  • Tarun Sangha
  • Student Club
  • Jagannath Club etc.

These clubs are specially famous for making pandels in Durga or Kali puja, hosting varieties of functions and sometimes Blood Donation camp.[6]

Newspapers[edit]

Daily newspapers published from Agartala and Kolkata reach daily morning in this area. Daily popular papers are Dainik Sambad, Syandhan Patrika, Pratibadi Kalam, Daily Desher Katha etc. Besides above, national dailies like The Telegraph, Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, The Times of India or The Statesman, are also available. All the collections can be found at the Melaghar Public Library.

Telecommunications[edit]

The important and major mobile-phone network such as Airtel, BSNL, Idea, Reliance Jio, Vodafone India and only BSNL Broadband service is available here.

Nearby cities[edit]

Some nearby town's distance from Melaghar.

No. City Distance (km)
1. Sonamura 9
2. Kakrabon 13
3. Bishramganj 15
4. Udaipur 22
5. Bishalgarh 28
6. Belonia 45
7. Agartala 50
8. Teliamura 71
9. Khowai 100
10. Dharmanagar 200
  • [Note: All distances are measured by road (shortest)].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical Weather for India". Foreca Weather Data. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  2. ^ "The largest circulated Bengali daily in Northeast India". Dainik Sambad. 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  3. ^ "Sepahijala District Official Website". Sepahijala District Official. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
  4. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Tripura. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
  5. ^ {{A gorgeous red-and-white water palace, Neermahal lies empty but shimmering on its own boggy island in the lake of Rudra Sagar. Like its counterpart in Rajasthan’s Udaipur, this was a princely exercise in aesthetics, in which the finest craftsmen built a summer palace of luxury in a blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. The pavilion was inaugurated and christened by the Bengali Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in 1930. The delightful waterborne approach is the most enjoyable part of visiting.|URL|https://www.lonelyplanet.com/india/neermahal-melaghar/attractions/neermahal/a/poi-sig/1293976/1329464%7Cdate=December 2017}}
  6. ^ "Melaghar Town". Melaghar Town. 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-04-16.