Melaleuca styphelioides

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Prickly-leaved paperbark
Melaleuca styphelioides foliage and flowers.jpg
Melaleuca styphelioides foliage and flowers
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Melaleuca
Species:
M. styphelioides
Binomial name
Melaleuca styphelioides

Melaleuca styphelioides, known as the prickly-leaved paperbark or prickly paperbark, is a plant native to eastern Australia. It is a tree with spongy bark, prickly leaves and spikes of creamy-white flowers.

Description[edit]

It is a small to medium-sized tree up to 20 m (70 ft) high with a dense, rounded canopy and drooping branchlets.[2][3] The spongy bark is white or light brown and peels off in large strips.[3] The leaves are sessile, 7–15 mm (0.3–0.6 in) long and 2.5–6 mm (0.1–0.2 in) wide.[2] They are slightly twisted, have sharply-pointed tips, are arranged alternately on the branchlets and have between 15 and 30 veins.[3][4]

Flowers appear in summer in cream or white cylindrical "bottlebrush" spikes which are 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2 in) long and 1 to 2 cm (0.4 to 0.8 in) in diameter. Often new growth appears at the end of the spikes.[3] Following flowering, grey-brown, woody capsules appear in clusters along the branchlets. These are ovoid, stalkless and 3 to 4 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) in diameter [3]

Melaleuca styphelioides growing near Newcastle

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first formally described in 1797 by botanist James Edward Smith in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London from plant material collected by David Burton near Port Jackson.[1] The specific epithet (styphelioides) refers to the similarity of the leaves of this species with those of a plant in the genus Styphelia in the family Ericaceae.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species occurs along stream banks or other moist situations, mostly in coastal areas from Nowra in New South Wales and northwards in to Queensland.[2]

Use in horticulture[edit]

This melaleuca thrives in a variety of situations ranging from swampy to hot and dry, and due to its deep-rooting characteristics lawn can be grown under its canopy.[5] It is used as a street tree in Sydney, with good examples in Campsie, an inner southwestern suburb, and also along numerous streets in various suburbs of Greater Melbourne.[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Melaleuca styphelioides". APNI. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Melaleuca styphelioides". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-11-03.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cronin, Leonard (1989). A Concise Australian Flora. Reed Books. ISBN 0730102920.
  4. ^ a b Brophy, Joseph J.; Craven, Lyndley A.; Doran, John C. (2013). Melaleucas : their botany, essential oils and uses. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. pp. 345–346. ISBN 9781922137517.
  5. ^ Lord,E; J.H.Willis (1982). Shrubs and trees for Australian gardens. Australia: Lothian. ISBN 0850910277.
  6. ^ Frank, Stephen; Waters, Glen; Beer, Russell; May, Peter (2006). "An Analysis of the Street Tree Population of Greater Melbourne at the Beginning of the 21st Century" (PDF). Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. International Society of Arboriculture. 32 (4): 155–163. Retrieved 4 October 2013.