Melanau language

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Melanau
Central Melanau
Native to Malaysia, Brunei
Region Sarawak and neighbouring Brunei
Ethnicity Melanau people
Native speakers
110,000  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
mel – Central Melanau
sdx – Sibu Melanau
Glottolog cent2101  (Central)[2]
sibu1258  (Sibu)[3]
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Melanau is an Austronesian language spoken in the coastal area of the Rejang delta on northwest Borneo, Sarawak, Malaysia and Brunei. There are several dialects—Mukah-Oya, Balingian, Bruit, Dalat, Igan, Sarikei, Segahan, Prehan, Segalang, and Siteng.[4]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Melanau has the following consonants.[5]

Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Stops and
affricates
Voiceless p t k ʔ
Voiced b d ɡ
Fricatives s h,
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ
Lateral l
Trills r ʀ
Semivowels w j

Vowels[edit]

Melanau has the following vowels.[5]

front central back
rounded
High i u
Mid ɛ ə ɔ
Low a

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Central Melanau at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Sibu Melanau at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Central Melanau". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sibu Melanau". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  5. ^ a b Clayre 1970.

References[edit]

  • I.F.C.S. Clayre. 1970. "The Spelling of Melanau (nee Milano)," The Sarawak Museum Journal 18:330-352.
  • Rensch, Calvin R. 2012. Melanau and the Languages of Central Sarawak. SIL Electronic Survey Report. SIL International.