Melaneus inherited Apollo's archery skills and was a noted archer, and married Stratonice. He was the father of Eurytus, the famous archer whose reputation overshadowed his father, and of Ambracia, eponym of Ambracia in Epirus. Stratonice was later carried away by Apollo. Alternatively, Melaneus was the husband of Oechalia (merely the eponym of the kingdom he was assigned to by Perieres).
Amphimedon, a suitor in Homer's Odyssey is mentioned as being the son of Melaneus, although it may or may not be the same Melaneus mentioned here. In Antoninus Liberalis' Metamorphoses, Autonous is also called son of Melaneus. A centaur named Melaneus is mentioned by Ovid among many others who fought in the battle between the Lapiths and the centaurs.
- Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 4
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4. 2. 2
- Homer. The Odyssey, 24. 103 in The Iliad & The Odyssey. Trans. Samuel Butler. pp. 720-1. ISBN 978-1-4351-1043-4
- Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 7
- Ovid, Metamorphoses, 12. 306
- March, J., Cassell's Dictionary Of Classical Mythology, London, 1999. ISBN 0-304-35161-X
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