Melanie Johnston-Hollitt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Melanie Johnston-Hollitt
Born (1974-09-08) 8 September 1974 (age 45)
NationalityAustralian
Alma materUniversity of Adelaide
Known forDesign and governance of international radio telescopes
Radio observations of Galaxy Clusters
Scientific career
FieldsAstronomy
Astrophysics
Radio Astronomy
ThesisDetection of magnetic fields and diffuse radio emission in Abell 3667 and other rich southern clusters of galaxies (2003)
Doctoral advisorRonald Ekers
Richard Hunstead

Melanie Johnston-Hollitt (née Johnston; 8 September 1974) is an Australian astrophysicist and professor. She has worked on the design, construction, and international governance of several radio telescopes including the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR), the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) and the upcoming Square Kilometre Array (SKA). She is director of the Murchison Widefield Array and a professor at the Curtin Institute of Radio Astronomy at Curtin University and the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research.

Early life[edit]

Johnston-Hollitt was born on 8 September 1974 in Darwin, Australia.[citation needed] She was born shortly before Cyclone Tracy destroyed the city after which she and her mother were evacuated to Brisbane on December 29, 1974 en route to Townsville.[1][2] During her early life she lived in various parts of Queensland before her family returned to Darwin in 1979.[2] In 1986 her family moved to Adelaide where she completed high school.[2] Johnston-Hollitt attended the University of Adelaide, where she graduated with two degrees in theoretical and experimental physics and pure mathematics.[citation needed]

She also completed a BSc with honors in astrophysics under the supervision of Roger Clay, and a doctorate in radio astronomy jointly with the University of Adelaide and the CSIRO Australia Telescope National Facility under the supervision of Ron Ekers and Richard Hunstead.[2][3]

Career[edit]

Johnston-Hollitt moved to Leiden Observatory at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands as the inaugural LOFAR Fellow,[4] joining the group of George Miley to work on the design of the LOFAR telescope.[citation needed] In 2004, she took up a continuing faculty position at the University of Tasmania.[5] In January 2009 she moved to Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand to establish and lead a new radio astronomy group.[6][7]

Johnston-Hollitt worked on NZ's engagement with the Square Kilometre Array, and she has served in an advisory role for the New Zealand Government on the project since April 2009. Shortly after commencing her term advising the NZ Government, it was announced that NZ would join Australia in bidding to host the SKA telescope.[8] Johnston-Hollitt was subsequently an author of the Australia-New Zealand bid to host the SKA, responsible for identifying possible SKA station sites in New Zealand. From 2011, she was a government-appointed member of the preparatory group set-up to establish the SKA, and then directer for the SKA from December 2011 to January 2018.[9]

For her scientific leadership she was appointed by the SKAO as founding co-chair of the SKA Cosmic Magnetism Science Working group in March 2013,[10] and along with her co-chair, Federica Govoni, defined the early SKA requirements associated with cosmic magnetism, editing the magnetism sections of the SKA Science Case and writing the cosmic magnetism scientific summary paper.[11][12]

Johnston-Hollitt led the 2011 bid for NZ to join the Murchison Widefield Array, a low frequency precursor to the SKA. She joined the MWA Board in 2012, became vice-chair in 2013, and held the position of chair from January 2014 to January 2018.[13] In early 2017 she became founder and chief executive officer (CEO) of Peripety Scientific, an independent research organisation specialising in radio astronomy research and consultancy based in Wellington. She resigned from Victoria University of Wellington in September 2017 and became a professor of Radio Astronomy at Curtin University and director of the Murchison Widefield Array.[14][15]

Research career[edit]

Johnston-Hollitt's primary research interests are cosmic magnetism and observations of galaxy clusters, primarily through the use of radio telescopes. She has authored over 230 publications.[16][17] She has served on the Editorial Board of Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia since January 2015, commencing a 3-year term as Editor-in-Chief from January 2018.[18]

Johnston-Hollitt has gained funding for design, construction and exploitation of radio telescopes across Europe, Australia and New Zealand.[19][20][21][22] She has held several visiting positions as a guest professor at the Excellence Cluster Universe in Munich, Germany, the Sophia Antipolis University in Nice, France, the University of Bologna, Italy,[23] and the University of Malaya.[citation needed]

Awards[edit]

  • 2002: Union of Radio Scientists International (URSI) Young Scientist Award[24]
  • 2006: Faculty Early Career Research Award – University of Tasmania[25]
  • 2010: Hudson Lecturer – Royal Society of New Zealand[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Darwin evacuees". Department of Social Security. Department of Social Security. 1975. hdl:10070/20070.
  2. ^ a b c d Astrophiz101 - Prof Melanie Johnston-Hollitt, retrieved 2020-06-30
  3. ^ Johnston-Hollitt, Melanie (2003). Detection of magnetic fields and diffuse radio emission in Abell 3667 and other rich southern clusters of galaxies / Melanie Johnston-Hollitt (Thesis thesis).
  4. ^ "Radio Telescopes of the Future". AIP/ASSA joint meeting. Australian Institute of Physics - South Australian Branch. August 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  5. ^ "University of Tasmania, Web Access Research Portal, Individual Researchers Report: Johnston-Hollitt". Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Dr Melanie Johnston-Hollitt". Science Learning Hub. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  7. ^ Astronomy in New Zealand, retrieved 2020-06-30
  8. ^ "Aus and NZ Join in Mega Science Bid". Gerry Brownlee. Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand. 22 August 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  9. ^ "UK Director listing for M. Johnston-Hollitt". Companies House, United Kingdom. 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Magnetism Working Group Documentation". Square Kilometre Array Organisation. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Using SKA Rotation Measures to Reveal the Mysteries of the Magnetised Universe". Johnston-Hollitt et al. Square Kilometre Array Organisation & Proceedings of Science. 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  12. ^ Lyons, Suzzanah (6 June 2019). "Cosmic bridge reveals first evidence of magnetic fields between galaxy clusters". www.abc.net.au. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Tips for a rewarding career in physics". Physics World. 2020-03-31. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  14. ^ "Professor to Help Drive Western Australia Toward the Square Kilometre Array". Curtin University. Space Ref. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  15. ^ Ferirera, Becky (1 March 2020). "VICE - Scientists Have Detected the Biggest Explosion Ever in the Universe's History". www.vice.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Search results for Johnston-Hollitt". scholar.google.com. Google Scholar. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Publication Library for Melanie Johnston-Hollitt". ui.adsabs.harvard.edu. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Editorial Board". Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  19. ^ "University of Tasmania, Web Access Research Portal, Individual Researchers Report: Johnston-Hollitt". Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Australian Research Council Funding Outcomes". Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  21. ^ "Marsden success for Dr Melanie Johnston-Hollitt". Victoria University of Wellington. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Marsden Awards 2016". Royal Society of New Zealand. 3 November 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  23. ^ "Visiting Fellows in Science: Melanie Johnston-Hollitt". Istituto di Studi Superiori. Universita di Bologna. 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  24. ^ "Adelaidean, Volume 11 Number 5, June 2002" (PDF). June 2002. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  25. ^ "SETting the standard in UniTAS ISSUE 294, page 5" (PDF). 27 April 2006. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  26. ^ "2010 News, Faculty of Science, Victoria University of Wellington". 16 July 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2020.