Melanogaster hirtella

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Melanogaster hirtella
Melanogaster hirtella (female).jpg
female

External images

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Melanogaster
Species: M. hirtella
Binomial name
Melanogaster hirtella
(Loew, 1843)

Melanogaster hirtella is a European species of hoverfly.[1] [2] [3] [4][5]

Description[edit]

External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera
Wing length 5·25-6·75 mm. Black with dark wings. Male thorax and scutellar dorsum with a mixture of long and short hairs, varying from completely yellowish to a large portion of dark hairs.Face broad: width of the head/width of the face under the antennae = 1.91-2.08.Female thoracic dorsum with long, erect black to grey hairs. The male genitalia are figured by Maibach and Goeldlin de Tiefenau (1994) .[6] The larva is figured by Hartley (1961) [7]

Distribution[edit]

Palearctic Atlantic Europe. Denmark South to Brittany, the Pyrenees and Portugal.Ireland then East only to the Alps (Switzerland and Liechtenstein). [8][9]

Habitat. Portugal

Biology[edit]

Habitat: Wetland, fen, marsh, waterside pasture. along woodland streams, beside ponds, lakes, and rivers.[10] Flowers visited include white umbellifers, Caltha, Euphorbia, Iris pseudacorus, Menyanthes, Mimulus guttatus, Potentilla erecta, Pyrus communis, Ranunculus, Sorbus aucuparia, Taraxacum, Viburnum opulus.[11] The flight period is April to July.The larva is aquatic, associated with various aquatic plants, including Glyceria and Typha.The larvae tap the aerenchyma to gain their air supply.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stubbs, Alan E. & Falk, Steven J. (1983). British Hoverflies: An Illustrated Identification Guide (2nd (revised) ed.). British Entomological & Natural History Society. p. 275, xvpp. ISBN 0-9502891-3-2. 
  2. ^ Van Veen, M. (2004) Hoverflies of Northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. 256pp. KNNV Publishing, Utrecht.addendum
  3. ^ Van der Goot,V.S. (1981) De zweefvliegen van Noordwest - Europa en Europees Rusland, in het bijzonder van de Benelux. KNNV, Uitgave no.32: 275pp. Amsterdam.
  4. ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR, Volume V: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part I. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi. ISBN 81-205-0080-6.
  5. ^ Coe, R.L. (1953) Diptera: Syrphidae. Handbks.ident.Br.insects, 10(1): 1-98. R.ent.Soc.London. pdf
  6. ^ Maibach, A. & Goeldlin de Tiefenau, P. (1994) Limites génériques et caractéristiques taxonomiques de plusieurs genres de la Tribu des Chrysogasterini (Diptera: Syrphidae) III. Descriptions des stades immatures de plusieurs espèces ouest-paléarctiques. Rev.suisse Zool., 101: 369-411.)
  7. ^ Hartley, J.C. (1961) A taxonomic account of the larvae of some British Syrphidae. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 136: 505-573.
  8. ^ Fauna Europaea
  9. ^ Peck, L.V. (1988) Syrphidae. In: Soos, A. & Papp, L. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 8: 11-230. Akad.Kiado, Budapest.
  10. ^ Speight, M.C.D. (2011). "Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera)" (PDF). Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae. 65: 285pp. 
  11. ^ de Buck, N. (1990) Bloembezoek en bestuivingsecologie van Zweefvliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) in het bijzonder voor België. Doc.Trav. IRSNB, no.60, 1-167.