Melanoplinae

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Melanoplinae
Parapodisma tanzawaensis Male Adult 01.jpg
Adult male of Parapodisma tanzawaensis from the Podismini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Superfamily: Acridoidea
Family: Acrididae
Subfamily: Melanoplinae
Scudder, 1897
Tribes

7, and see text

The Melanoplinae are a subfamily of grasshoppers in the family Acrididae. They are distributed across the Holarctic and Neotropic ecozones.[1]

This is one of the two largest subfamilies in the Acrididae. As of 2001 the Melanoplinae contained over 800 species in over 100 genera,[1] and more species are being described continually.

The genera of the Melanoplinae are classified in 7 tribes,[2] including Conalcaeini, Dactylotini, Dichroplini, Jivarini, Melanoplini, Podismini, and Prumnini.

Genera include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chintauan-Marquier, Ioana C.; Jordan, Steve; Berthier, Pierre; Amédégnato, Christiane; Pompanon, François (2011). "Evolutionary history and taxonomy of a short-horned grasshopper subfamily: The Melanoplinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58 (1): 22–32. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.003. PMID 20643218. 
  2. ^ Woller, Derek A.; Fontana, Paolo; Mariño-Pérez, Ricardo; Song, Hojun (2014). "Studies in Mexican Grasshoppers: Liladownsia fraile, a new genus and species of Dactylotini (Acrididae: Melanoplinae) and an updated molecular phylogeny of Melanoplinae". Zootaxa. 3793 (4): 475–95. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3793.4.6. PMID 24870186. 

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