Melanoplinae

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Melanoplinae
Parapodisma tanzawaensis Male Adult 01.jpg
Adult male of Parapodisma tanzawaensis from the Podismini
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Caelifera
Infraorder: Acrididea
Superfamily: Acridoidea
Family: Acrididae
Subfamily: Melanoplinae
Scudder, 1897
Tribes

See text

The Melanoplinae are a subfamily of grasshoppers in the family Acrididae. They are distributed across the Holarctic and Neotropic ecozones.[1]

This is one of the two largest subfamilies in the Acrididae. As of 2001 the Melanoplinae contained over 800 species in over 100 genera,[1] and more species are being described continually.

The genera of the Melanoplinae are classified in 7 tribes,[2] including Conalcaeini, Dactylotini, Dichroplini, Jivarini, Melanoplini, Podismini, and Prumnini.

Aeoloplides chenopodii
Prumnacris rainierensis

Genera[edit]

These 125 genera belong to the subfamily Melanoplinae:

Data sources: i = ITIS,[3] c = Catalogue of Life,[4] g = GBIF,[5] b = Bugguide.net.[6] s = Orthoptera Species File[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chintauan-Marquier, Ioana C.; Jordan, Steve; Berthier, Pierre; Amédégnato, Christiane; Pompanon, François (2011). "Evolutionary history and taxonomy of a short-horned grasshopper subfamily: The Melanoplinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58 (1): 22–32. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.003. PMID 20643218. 
  2. ^ Woller, Derek A.; Fontana, Paolo; Mariño-Pérez, Ricardo; Song, Hojun (2014). "Studies in Mexican Grasshoppers: Liladownsia fraile, a new genus and species of Dactylotini (Acrididae: Melanoplinae) and an updated molecular phylogeny of Melanoplinae". Zootaxa. 3793 (4): 475–95. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3793.4.6. PMID 24870186. 
  3. ^ "Melanoplinae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  4. ^ "Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  5. ^ "GBIF". Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  6. ^ "Melanoplinae Subfamily Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  7. ^ Otte, Daniel; Cigliano, Maria Marta; Braun, Holger; Eades, David C. "Orthoptera Species File Online". Retrieved 2018-04-25. 

External links[edit]