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Temporal range: 90–recent Ma
Fagotia wuesti Bavel Foto TM.png
Apertural view of a damaged shell of Fagotia wuesti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Sorbeoconcha

Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Melanopsidae
H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854[2]
about 25-50 extant freshwater species,

several hundreds of fossil species and subspecies[3]


Stomatopsinae Stache, 1889[5]
Amphimelaniinae P. Fischer & Crosse, 1891[6]
Fagotiinae Starobogatov, 1992[7]

Melanopsidae, common name melanopsids, is a family of freshwater gastropods in the clade Sorbeoconcha.[8] Species in this family are native to southern and eastern Europe, northern Africa, parts of the Middle East, New Zealand, and freshwater streams of some large South Pacific islands.[9]

These snails first appeared in the Late Cretaceous and are closely related to Potamididae. As well as unidirectional evolutionary change from one species to the next over time, the process of hybridization plays a major role in the appearance of new Melanopsidae species.[1]

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Melanopsidae has no subfamilies.[8]


Genera in the family Melanopsidae include:


  1. ^ a b Bandel K. (2000). "Speciation among the Melanopsidae (Caenogastropoda). Special emphasis to the Melanopsidae of the Pannonian Lake at Pontian time (Late Miocene) and the Pleistocene and Recent of Jordan". Mitt. Geol.-Paläont. Inst. Univ. Hamburg, Heft 84.
  2. ^ Adams H. & Adams A. (1854). The genera of Recent Mollusca 1: 309.
  3. ^ Neubauer T. A., Harzhauser M., Mandic O., Georgopoulou E. & Kroh A. (2016). " Paleobiogeography and historical biogeography of the non-marine caenogastropod family Melanopsidae". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 444: 124–143. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.12.017.
  4. ^ Strong E. E., Gargominy O., Ponder W. F. & Bouchet P. (2008). "Global Diversity of Gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in Freshwater". Hydrobiologia 595: 149-166. hdl:10088/7390 doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9012-6.
  5. ^ Stache (1889). Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 13(1): 90.
  6. ^ Fischer P. & Crosse (1891). Mission scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amérique Centrale. Recherches zoologiques (7)2(12): 312.
  7. ^ Starobogatov (1992). In: Starobogatov, Alexenko & Levina Biulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody, Otdel Biologicheskii new ser. 97(3): 58.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  9. ^ Banarescu P. (1990). Zoogeography of Fresh Waters Vol. 1, General Distribution and Dispersal of Freshwater Animals. AULA-Verlag Wiesbaden.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Melanopsidae". The Paleobiology Database, accessed 26 June 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d Glöer P. (2002). Die Süßwassergastropoden Nord- und Mitteleuropas. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 326 pp., ISBN 3-925919-60-0, page 190-194.
  12. ^ "Species summary for Holandriana holandrii". AnimalBase, last modified 30 August 2010, accessed 26 June 2011.
  13. ^ "Amphimelania holandrii (C. Pfeiffer 1828)". Fauna Europaea, accessed 26 June 2011.
  14. ^ a b Bandel K. (2006). "Families of the Cerithioidea and related superfamilies (Palaeo-Caenogastropoda; Mollusca) from the Triassic to the Recent characterized by protoconch morphology - including the description of new taxa". Freiberger Forschungshefte C 511: 59-138. PDF.

Further reading[edit]

  • (German) Glaubrecht M. (1996). Evolutionsökologie und Systematik am Beispiel von Süß- und Brackwasserschnecken (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea): Ontogenese-Strategien, Paläontologische Befunde und Zoogeographie. Backhuys, Leiden.

External links[edit]