Melanopsis

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Melanopsis
Temporal range: Cretaceous–recent
Melanopsis buccinoidea 01.JPG
Five views of a shell of Melanopsis buccinoidea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Sorbeoconcha

Superfamily: Cerithioidea
Family: Melanopsidae
Genus: Melanopsis
Férussac, 1807[1]
Diversity[2]
32 extant species in the IUCN Red List
Synonyms[3]
  • Boistelia Cossmann, 1909
  • Lyrcaea Adams & Adams, 1854 † (junior synonym; misspelling (pro Lyrcea))
  • Lyrcea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
  • Macrospira F. Sandberger, 1872 (invalid: junior homonym of Macrospira Swainson, 1840; Melanoptychia is a replacement name)
  • Melanopsis (Canthidomus) Swainson, 1840
  • Melanopsis (Homalia) Handmann, 1887 (junior homonym of Homalia Eschscholtz, 1831; junior synonym)
  • Melanopsis (Lyrcaea) Adams & Adams, 1854 (junior synonym; misspelling (pro Lyrcea))
  • Melanopsis (Lyrcea) Adams & Adams, 1854
  • Melanopsis (Martinia) Handmann, 1887 (junior homonym of Martinia M'Coy, 1844; junior synonym)
  • Melanopsis (Melanopsis) Férussac, 1807
  • Melanopsis (Melanoptychia) Neumayr, 1880
  • Melanoptychia Neumayr, 1880

Melanopsis is a genus of freshwater snails with a gill and an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks in the family Melanopsidae. [3]

The genus first appeared in the Cretaceous.[4]

Melanopsis is the type genus of the family Melanopsidae.[5]

Distribution[edit]

These snails are found in southern Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor, New Caledonia and New Zealand.[6]

Description[edit]

Their shells are ovate, with a short spire, and a large elongated body whorl. The outer lip of the aperture is thin, but the inner lip has a smooth parietal callus, thickened into a pad over the parietal wall.[6]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Melanopsis include:

(Extinct taxa indicated by a dagger, †.)

Species brought into synonymy
  • Melanopsis abbreviata cosmanni Pallary, 1916: synonym of † Melanopsis abbreviata cossmanni Pallary, 1916
  • Melanopsis acanthicoides var. abichi Calvert & Neumayr, 1880: synonym of † Melanopsis abichi Calvert & Neumayr, 1880
  • Melanopsis acanthicoides var. pergamenica Calvert & Neumayr, 1880: synonym of † Melanopsis pergamena Calvert & Neumayr, 1880
  • Melanopsis acanthicoides var. trojana Hoernes, 1877: synonym of † Melanopsis trojana Hoernes, 1877
  • Melanopsis aperta Gassies, 1863: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis aurantiaca Gassies, 1874: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis austriaca var. serbica Brusina, 1902: synonym of † Melanopsis haueri ripanjensis Neubauer, Harzhauser, Kroh, Georgopoulou & Mandic, 2014
  • Melanopsis brevis Morelet, 1857: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis brotiana Gassies, 1874: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis callosa var. curta Locard, 1893: synonym of † Melanopsis kleinii kleinii Kurr, 1856
  • Melanopsis carinata Gassies, 1863: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis curta Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis cylindrica petrovici (Brusina, 1893): synonym of † Melanopsis petrovici Brusina, 1893
  • Melanopsis dumbeensis Crosse, 1869: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis elegans Gassies, 1869: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis elongata Gassies, 1874: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis esperi Férussac, 1823: synonym of Esperiana esperi (Férussac, 1823)
  • Melanopsis fasciata Gassies, 1874: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis fragilis Gassies, 1874: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis fossilis var. accedens Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Melanopsis fossilis var. propinqua Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Melanopsis fossilis var. proclivis Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Melanopsis fossilis rugosa Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis wolfgangfischeri Neubauer, Harzhauser, Kroh, Georgopoulou & Mandic, 2014
  • Melanopsis fulgurans Gassies, 1859: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis fulminata Brot, 1879: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis fusca Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis fusiformis Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis gassiesiana Crosse, 1867: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis harpula capreniensis Fontannes, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis capreniensis Fontannes, 1887
  • Melanopsis impressa bonellii Manzoni, 1870: synonym of † Melanopsis bonellii Manzoni, 1870
  • Melanopsis lamberti Souverbie, 1872: synonym of Melanopsis mariei Crosse, 1869
  • Melanopsis lentiginosa Reeve, 1860: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis lineolata Gassies, 1857: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis lirata Gassies, 1869: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis livida Gassies, 1863: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis neritoides Gassies, 1859: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis retoutiana Gassies, 1863: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis robusta Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis rumana var. correcta Stefanescu, 1896: synonym of † Melanopsis correcta Stefanescu, 1896
  • Melanopsis sandbergeri correcta Stefanescu, 1896: synonym of † Melanopsis correcta Stefanescu, 1896
  • Melanopsis souverbieana Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis trifasciata Gray, 1843: synonym of Zemelanopsis trifasciata (Gray, 1843)
  • Melanopsis variegata Morelet, 1857: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis zonites Gassies, 1870: synonym of Melanopsis frustulum Morelet, 1857
  • Melanopsis (Canthidomus) bouei var. megacantha Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis bouei megacantha Handmann, 1887
  • Melanopsis (Canthidomus) bouei var. monacantha Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis bouei bouei Férussac, 1823
  • Melanopsis (Canthidomus) bouei var. multicostata Handmann, 1887: synonym of † Melanopsis bouei multicostata Handmann, 1887
  • Melanopsis (Canthidomus) defensa elongata Gillet & Marinescu, 1971: synonym of † Melanopsis defensa defensa Fuchs, 1870

References[edit]

  1. ^ Férussac (1807). Essai Méth. Conch., page 70; Férussac (1822). H.N. g. et p. Moll., Tabl. gén., xxxiv.
  2. ^ IUCN (2015). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b Rosenberg, G. (2014). Melanopsis Férussac, 1807. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=519395 on 2014-11-10
  4. ^ (Czech) Pek I., Vašíček Z., Roček Z., Hajn V. & Mikuláš R. (1996). Základy zoopaleontologie. Olomouc, 264 pp., ISBN 80-7067-599-3.
  5. ^ Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  6. ^ a b Powell, A.W.B. (1979): New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand. ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  7. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis arbalensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  8. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis brevicula. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Species in genus Melanopsis (n=5). AnimalBase, accessed 26 June 2011.
  10. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis chlorotica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  11. ^ Cianfanelli S. (2010). Melanopsis etrusca. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  12. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis letourneuxi. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  13. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis magnifica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  14. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis mourebeyensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  15. ^ Feher Z. (2010). Melanopsis parreyssii. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  16. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis saharica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  17. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis scalaris. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  18. ^ Bandel K. (2006). "Families of the Cerithioidea and related superfamilies (Palaeo-Caenogastropoda; Mollusca) from the Triassic to the Recent characterized by protoconch morphology - including the description of new taxa". Freiberger Forschungshefte C 511: 59-138. PDF.
  19. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis subgraëllsiana. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.
  20. ^ Van Damme D. & Ghamizi M. (2007). Melanopsis turgida. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <http://www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 June 2011.

External links[edit]