Melas, Kastoria

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Melas
Μελάς
Pavlos Melas Museum External View
Pavlos Melas Museum External View
CountryGreece
Geographic region Macedonia
Administrative regionWestern Macedonia
Regional unitKastoria
MunicipalityKastoria
Municipal unitKorestia
Elevation
980 m (3,220 ft)
Population
 • Total96
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Melas (Greek: Μελάς) is a mountainous village in the regional unit of Kastoria, Western Macedonia, Greece. It belongs to the municipality of Kastoria and specifically to the municipal unit of Korestia. The previous name of the village was Statista[1] (or Stathista or Agios Efstathios after the homonymous Orthodox church of Agios Efstathios). A museum dedicated to Pavlos Melas and the Greek struggle for Macedonia now operates in the village.[2]

Name[edit]

Before 1927 the village was called Statista (Greek: Στάτιστα,[3] Bulgarian: Статица, Statitsa). The name of the village was changed to Melas, after the Greek fighter (makedonomachos) Pavlos Melas who lost his life there.[4]

History[edit]

In 1873, the village was recorded as having 60 households with 180 male Bulgarian inhabitants.[5]

In 1900, Vasil Kanchov gathered and compiled statistics on demographics in the area and reported that the village of Statitsa was inhabited by about 600 Christian Bulgarian inhabitants.[6]

On October 12, 1904, Pavlos Melas and his group headed to Statista (modern-day Melas). In the village, the native collaborator of Melas, Dinas Stergiou (Ντίνας Στεργίου) divided the men of the group into five houses. In the village, however, there was an organized Bulgarian army, a member of which alerted the Ottoman army to the presence of the Greek army. On October 13, the village was surrounded by an Ottoman detachment of 150 men and a fighting broke out. The dawn of the next day would find Pavlos Melas dead under an unspecified area.[7][8]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Πανδέκτης: Statista -- Melas". pandektis.ekt.gr. Retrieved 2021-08-14.
  2. ^ "Museum of Pavlos Melas". www.digitalkastoria.gr. Retrieved 2021-08-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  4. ^ "Ο Μακεδονικός Αγώνας (μέρος 4ο) : Πανόραμα μαχών και αγωνιστών (χάρτες και πίνακες)". Ιστορικά Καστοριάς | History of Kastoria. 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2021-08-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, София, 1995. стр. 108-109.
  6. ^ Vasil Kanchov (1901). Кънчов, Васил. Македония. Етнография и статистика, София, 1900, стр. 266. (Macedonia: Ethnography and Statistics, p. 266. Accessed 08 February 2018 (in Bulgarian)
  7. ^ "Σαν σήμερα το 1904 πέφτει νεκρός στην τότε Στάτιστα ο Παύλος Μελάς πρωτεργάτης της απελευθέρωσης της Μακεδονίας!". OlaDeka (in Greek). 2016-10-13. Retrieved 2021-08-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "115 χρόνια μετά... Παύλος Μελάς..." Ορθοδοξία News Agency (in Greek). 2019-10-14. Retrieved 2021-08-14.

Coordinates: 40°42′N 21°16′E / 40.700°N 21.267°E / 40.700; 21.267