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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Crocoideae
Tribe: Gladioleae
Genus: Melasphaerula
Ker Gawler
Type species
Melasphaerula graminea
(Linnaeus fil.) Ker Gawler

Melasphaerula is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1803. There is only one known species, Melasphaerula graminea, native to Namibia and the Cape Province in South Africa.[1]

The genus name is derived from the Greek words melas, meaning "black", and sphaerulos, meaning "small sphere".[2]

Some sources use the name Melasphaerula parviflora for the species, not accepting Melasphaerula graminea.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 142–44. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  3. ^ Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington
  4. ^ Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria