Melastoma polyanthum

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Melastoma polyanthum
野牡丹.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Melastomataceae
Genus: Melastoma
Species: M. polyanthum
Binomial name
Melastoma polyanthum
Blume 1831[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Melastoma affine D.Don
  • Melastoma malabathricum L
  • Melastoma novae-hollandiae Naudin

Melastoma polyanthum is a species of shrubs, of the plant family Melastomataceae. It widely distributed across Southeast Asia through to Australia, where it occurs mainly near the coasts of the north and east of the country.[3] Common names include Lasiandra, Blue Tongue,[3] Straits Rhododendron and Chinese Wild Peony. Its fruits are edible though staining the mouth black, and the leaves and sap are used in herbal medicine.

Description[edit]

M. polyanthum is a shrub, to 2.5 metres.[4] The leaves are opposite, elliptical, coarsely hairy, with three longitudinal veins. The 8 mm petiole too is hairy. The bark is gray and scaly. The flowers are purple, to 8 cm, with yellow stamens. There are 5 petals.[5][4]

Distribution[edit]

M. polyanthum is found in Southeast Asia including Vietnam[6] Borneo, Papua New Guinea, New Hebrides, and Australia.[4]

Uses[edit]

The plant is used to make grass jelly (cincau perdu) in Indonesia. The fruits ripen to dark gray, and contain an edible purple pulp around the seeds. It stains the mouth black (hence the name of the genus).[5][4]

Sap or an extract from the leaves is used as a herbal medicine against a number of conditions including diarrhoea, burns, ulcers, wounds, piles and thrush in Indonesia and the Solomon Islands.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Melastoma polyanthum Blume". IPNI. 2005. Retrieved 2 Jan 2013. 
  2. ^ Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Melastoma malabathricum subsp. malabathricum". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 16 Mar 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Melastoma affine". Atlas of Living Australia. Australian Government. Retrieved 2 Jan 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Wiart, Christophe (2006). Medicinal Plants of Asia And the Pacific. CRC Press. pp. 140–141. ISBN 978-0849372452. 
  5. ^ a b "Melastoma polyanthum". Retrieved 2 Jan 2013. 
  6. ^ "Melastoma polyanthum Blume". Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 2 Jan 2013. 

External links[edit]